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152 active trials for Septic Shock

Hemodynamic Resuscitation and Monitoring in Early Sepsis

"Hemodynamic Resuscitation and Monitoring in Early Sepsis (HERMES Study)" involves recording of patient's medical data related to that has been collected as part of his/her routine medical care in ICU. Presently there is no data from Indian ICUs on the way patients in early sepsis are resuscitated and monitored. There may exist a wide variation in clinical practice. The investigators would like to conduct an observational study in various levels of Indian ICUs, to prospectively collect data on adult patients admitted to ICU with early sepsis in a 60-day window period. Investigator would like to study the hemodynamic resuscitation and monitoring performed in these patients. In addition, Investigator would like to identify factors associated with improved outcomes and achieving the goals of the sepsis bundles in one, three and six hours. The objectives of the study is to capture the patient characteristics and hemodynamic resuscitation and monitoring practices in patients presenting with early sepsis and hypotension to Indian ICUs Investigator plan to recruit 50 -100 centers nationwide. Each center will be asked to collect data from at least 10 patients in a maximum time window of 60 days. A convenience sample of minimum 500 patients presenting to ICU with suspected sepsis and hypotension will be taken. Each Centre will guarantee the integrity of data collection and ensure timely completion of the case record forms. Each center will select a 60 day window period for patient recruitment. The start date may be anytime any time between 1st August to 15th October 2019. Therefore, the recruitment window period will end for a respective centre, anytime between 30th September and 14th December 2019, depending on the start date. All consecutive patients in the 60-day period will be screened and those eligible will be enrolled. This is an ISCCM(Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine) Research Committee funded study. The ISCCM will fund the Principal Investigator for all expenses related software development, website hosting, secretarial assistance and miscellaneous expenses related to the conduct of the study, data analysis and publication. No funding will be given to the investigators from the various participating centers for contributing data.

DelhiStart: August 2019
Fluid Resuscitation for Suspected Sepsis in Paediatric Emergency Departments

With 25.2 million children affected and 3.4 million deaths in 2017, paediatric sepsis is the leading cause of under-five mortality worldwide and has recently been described as "significant global health threat" by the World Health Organization. In addition to early antibiotics, fluid bolus therapy (FBT) is one of the cornerstones of management, due to the theoretical improvement of cardiac output, oxygen delivery and organ perfusion. In the absence of a consensual and operational definition to date, the latest international guidelines of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign 2020 (SSC-2020), refers to children (≥ 37 weeks gestation at birth to 18 years old) with severe infection leading to cardiovascular (i.e., "septic shock") or non-cardiovascular organ dysfunction (i.e., "other sepsis-associated organ dysfunction" or former "severe sepsis"). The SSC-2020 specifies the modalities for paediatric sepsis management, particularly concerning FBT, with, for example, the preferential use of balanced crystalloids, and a target volume of 40-60ml/kg at one hour of recognition using boluses of 10-20ml/kg in children who have access to a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in their health system. Further, it is now well established that compliance with international guidelines is associated with improved outcomes in paediatric sepsis. Despite the importance of awareness and implementation of the SSC-2020, there are, to our knowledge, no studies evaluating its application in children. We prospectively conducted the Fluid Resuscitation for Suspected Sepsis in Paediatric Emergency Departments (FRESSPED) study in 25 hospitals over five weeks between November 2021 and March 2022, whose principal objective was to assess doctors adherence to the SSC-2020 guidelines when performing FBT in infants and children with suspected sepsis in French paediatric emergency departments.

ParisStart: October 2021
Hemodynamic Phenotype and Capillary Refill Time-targeted Resuscitation Strategy

Septic shock is associated with a high mortality risk. Fluid overload occurs when fluids are administered to fluid unresponsive patients, but also when inappropriate resuscitation goals are pursued. Alongside, evidence confirms that abnormal peripheral perfusion after resuscitation is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Targeted resuscitation associates with lower mortality, less organ dysfunction, and less intensity of treatment. Over-resuscitation may contribute to a worse outcome. Many patients remain hypovolemic after initial resuscitation. Others present very low diastolic arterial pressures (DAP) reflecting profound vasoplegia and may benefit from early norepinephrine (NE) instead of fluids. Administering fluids in this setting could increase the risk of fluid overload. In addition, relevant myocardial dysfunction is present in a significant number of patients. Pulse pressure (PP) and DAP evaluation may help clinicians to individualize initial management sparing unnecessary fluid loading. Objective: To test if a CRT-targeted resuscitation based on clinical hemodynamic phenotyping can improve a hierarchical clinical outcome - mortality, time to cessation of vital support, and length of hospital stay, all within 28 days - in septic shock patients as compared to usual care. A2 is a multicenter randomized controlled trial (RCT) comparing a CRT-targeted, hemodynamics-based resuscitation strategy with usual care in patients with early septic shock during a 6 h intervention period. A sample size of 1500 patients was calculated to detect a 6% absolute reduction in mortality in the CRT group, and the win-ratio method will be used to test the superiority in the hierarchical outcomes mentioned above. The combination of a CRT-targeted strategy with a clinical hemodynamic phenotyping may aid to personalize initial resuscitation with potential additional fluid-sparing effects. To categorize patients at baseline according to PP may conduct patients with low PP (<40mmHg) to fluid responsiveness (FR) assessment and eventually fluid boluses, while patients with normal PP will be treated according to DAP, adjusting NE when to avoid further fluids loading in patients who normalize CRT. Fluid resuscitation will be focused on FR+ hypoperfused patients to prevent harmful fluid administration in FR- patients.

Start: March 2022
Interstitial Fluid Composition in Patients With Septic Versus Non-septic Shock: an Exploratory Pilot Study

Septic shock is a common reason for admission to intensive care units and severe infections are responsible for 6 million deaths a year worldwide. Fluid management appears to be a major issue in resuscitation and particularly in septic shock, where generalised oedema is almost systematic and is a major factor in poor prognosis during sepsis. The formation of oedema corresponds to an imbalance, according to Frank-Starling's law of the heart, between the vascular compartment and the interstitial compartment, which is composed of the interstitial liquid and an extracellular matrix. This extracellular matrix consists essentially of a network of collagen and fibroblast fibres. Even though all of the plasma in the body transits through the interstitium in 24 hours and desite its major importance in the microenvironment and intercellular communication, the interstitial compartment has not been fully described. In oncology, interstitial tissue seems to contribute to tumour growth through changes in matrix composition and pressure in the interstitium. This pressure actively contributes to the regulation of transcapillary filtration, and thus to the oedema and hypovolemia observed during sepsis. In usual conditions, the fibroblasts exert a tension on the collagen fibres of the matrix via integrin Beta-1 (ITGB1). This tension is released under the action of pro-inflammatory mediators, resulting in negative pressure which potentiates the formation of oedema. It has been shown in an endotoxemia model that there is a thousandfold higher concentration of ITGB1 in the interstitium compared to the vascular compartment, suggesting a local secretion of this cytokine. The alteration of the extracellular matrix could also play a role in the perpetuation of oedema during septic shock. Considered as an organ in its own right, interstitial tissue is far from playing a passive role between the vascular compartment and the cells. The hypothesis is that interstitial fluid analysis could improve our understanding of the physiopathology of sepsis, in particular on the alteration of the mechanisms of fluid movement regulation, which remains very poorly understood while being closely associated with prognosis in patients with sepsis.

DijonStart: January 2021
European/Euro-ELSO Survey on Adult and Neonatal/ Pediatric COVID-19 Patients in ECMO

In the last 10 years, severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) was responsible of multiple outbreaks putting a strain on the public health worldwide. Indeed, SARI had a relevant role in the development of pandemic and epidemic with terrible consequences such as the 2009 H1N1 pandemic which led to more than 200.000 respiratory deaths globally. In late December 2019, in Wuhan, Hubei, China, a new respiratory syndrome emerged with clinical signs of viral pneumonia and person-to-person transmission. Tests showed the appearance of a novel coronavirus, namely the 2019 novel coronavirus (COVID-19). Two other strains, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) and Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) have caused severe respiratory illnesses, sometimes fatal. In particular, the mortality rate associated with SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV, was of 10% and 37% respectively. Even though COVID-19 appeared from the first time in China, quickly it spread worldwide and cases have been described in other countries such as Thailand, Japan, South Korea, Germany, Italy, France, Iran, USA and many other countries. An early paper reported 41 patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infection in Wuhan. The median age of the patients was 49 years and mostly men (73%). Among those, 32% were admitted to the ICU because of the severe hypoxemia. The most associated comorbidities were diabetes (20%), hypertension (15%), and cardiovascular diseases (15%). On admission, 98% of the patients had bilateral multiple lobular and sub-segmental areas of consolidation. Importantly, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) developed in 29% of the patients, while acute cardiac injury in 12%, and secondary infection in 10%. Invasive mechanical ventilation was required in 10% of those patients, and two of these patients (5%) had refractory hypoxemia and received extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). In a later retrospective report by Wang and collaborators, clinical characteristics of 138 patients with COVID-19 infection were described. ICU admission was required in 26.1% of the patients for acute respiratory distress syndrome (61.1%), arrhythmia (44.4%), and shock (30.6%). ECMO support was needed in 11% of the patients admitted to the ICU. During the period of follow-up, overall mortality was 4.3%. The use of ECMO in COVID-19 infection is increasing due to the high transmission rate of the infection and the respiratory-related mortality. Therefore, the investigators believe that ECMO in case of severe interstitial pneumonia caused by COVID could represent a valid solution in order to avoid lung injuries related to prolonged treatment with non-invasive and invasive mechanical ventilation. In addition, ECMO could have a role for the systemic complications such as septic and cardiogenic shock as well myocarditis scenarios. Potential clinical effects and outcomes of the ECMO support in the novel coronavirus pandemic will be recorded and analyzed in our project. The researchers hypothesize that a significant percentage of patients with COVID-19 infection will require the utilize of ECMO for refactory hypoxemia, cardiogenic shock or septic shock. This study seeks to prove this hypothesis by conducting an observational retrospective/prospective study of patients in the ICU who underwent ECMO support and describe clinical features, severity of pulmonary dysfunction and risk factors of COVID-patients who need ECMO support, the incidence of ECMO use, ECMO technical characteristics, duration of ECMO, complications and outcomes of COVID-patients requiring ECMO support.

KasselStart: April 2020