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105 active trials for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Apabetalone for Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

Throughout the past twenty years, numerous specific pharmacologic agents targeting the endothelial dysfunction associated with PAH have emerged. Short term placebo-controlled randomized trials assessing PAH-specific monotherapy with these molecules have reported improvements in pulmonary hemodynamics and exercise capacity. A recent meta-analysis also documented a reduction in short-term mortality of about ≈40% with such therapies. Several randomized clinical trials evaluating PAH-specific combination therapy have been conducted. Our recent meta-analysis showed that combination therapy was associated with a 35% risk reduction for the occurrence of clinical worsening compared to monotherapy. Nonetheless, the investigators also showed 17% of PAH patients receiving combination therapy still experienced clinical worsening over a median exposure of 16 weeks. Moreover, long-term survival on PAH-specific also therapy remains poor in the modern era, with a yearly mortality rate of 15 % in incident idiopathic PAH. The identification of innovative therapeutic targets and validation of these complementary therapeutic interventions are thus urgently needed in PAH. The investigators and others (K. Stenmark, University of Colorado and H. Bogaard, VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, personal communications), have published strong evidence that BRD4 plays a key role in the pathological phenotype in PAH accounting for disease progression and showed that BRD4 inhibition can reverse PAH in several animal models. Intriguingly, coronary artery disease (CAD) and metabolic syndrome are more prevalent in PAH compared with the global population, suggesting a link between these diseases. Interestingly, BRD4 is also a trigger for calcification and remodeling processes and regulates transcription of lipoprotein and inflammatory factors, all of which are important in PAH and CAD. Apabetalone, an orally available BRD4 inhibitor, is now in a clinical development stage with a good safety profile. The overall objective of the study is to explore the efficacy and safety of apabetalone as an add-on therapy for adult PAH patients and to inform the conduct and the design of a Phase 3 trial. The primary objective of the study is to assess the efficacy of apabetalone as evaluated by the change in PVR over a period of 24 weeks compared to placebo in adult subjects with PAH on stable background therapy. Secondary objectives include changes at week 24 in 6MWD, plasma NT-proBNP concentration, WHO functional class, ESC/ERS risk stratification score, health-related quality of life and additional hemodynamic data from right heart. Exploratory objectives are to evaluate the effects of apabetalone compared to placebo in adult subjects with PAH on mortality and clinically relevant morbidity events, and on circulating levels and transcription changes in whole blood markers of metabolism, vascular calcification, inflammation, DNA damage and leucocyte expression of BMPR2.

QuébecStart: October 2021
A Study to Learn About How Well Riociguat Works, How Safe it is and How it is Used Under Real World Conditions in Patients in the United States Who Are Receiving Riociguat for High Blood Pressure in the Arteries That Carry Blood From the Heart to the Lungs (Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension, PAH)

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a type of high blood pressure in the arteries that carry blood from the heart to the lungs. PAH occurs when the openings in the blood vessels of the lungs get smaller and smaller. These smaller openings can be caused by the following: The walls of the arteries tightening The walls of the arteries becoming stiff and narrow from an overgrowth of cells The increased pressure in the pulmonary arteries strains the right side of the heart and it begins to fail, causing difficulty breathing and other symptoms. As PAH progresses, symptoms get worse. There is no cure for PAH, but several medications like endothelin receptor antagonists (ERAs), prostacyclin analogues (PCAs) and riociguat, a soluable guanylate cyclase inhibitor, are available to help slow the progression of changes in the pulmonary arteries and help reduce symptoms. Riociguat can be taken together with ERAs and PCAs. In this study, the researchers want to learn about how well riociguat works, how safe it is when patients take it in 1 of these ways: alone with ERA with PCA with ERA and PCA The dosage for each patient will be decided by their doctor. The researchers will review information collected from the patients who have decided with their doctor to start riociguat treatment for their PAH. The study will include about 500 patients in the United States who are at least 18 years old. All of the patients will have either just started taking riociguat or will have been taking it for less than 3 months No investigational products will be administered in this study. Patients will be treated with the Standard of Care (SOC) for PAH. The SOC is the currently appropriate treatment in accordance with scientific evidence and agreed upon in collaboration between medical experts for PAH. There will be no study-mandated visits or treatments. The patients will be in the study for up to 2 years. During this time, they will visit their doctor every 3 to 6 months as part of the Standard of Care. At these visits, the patients will answer questions about their PAH symptoms and whether they have any medical problems. They will also do exercise tests to see how well they are able to breathe and how tired they get while exercising. The doctors will perform other usual examinations which are part of the Standard of Care such as echocardiograms (images of the heart to show how the heart is working) and a right heart catheters (to measure the pressures in the heart) and will take the usual blood and urine samples.

Start: August 2021