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54 active trials for Asthma in Children

Budesonide/Formoterol Turbuhaler® Versus Terbutaline Nebulization as Reliever Therapy in Children With Moderate Asthma Exacerbation

Combined use of inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting ?-agonists (LABAs) as the controller and the quick relief therapy termed single maintenance and reliever therapy (SMART) is a potential therapeutic regimen for the management of persistent asthma. A recent systematic review supports the combined use of inhaled corticosteroids and LABA as both the controller and quick relief therapy (SMART) among patients aged 12 years. In Emergency room (ER), Meta-analysis showed that using salbutamol (or albuterol) by meter doses inhaler (MDI) with a valved holding chamber (VHC) in children with moderate-severe acute asthma exacerbation was more effective, that is, fewer hospital admissions, more clinical improvement, and had fewer adverse effects (tremor and tachycardia) than salbutamol by nebulizer. Therefore, several international guidelines recommend the use of salbutamol by MDI rather than by nebulizer for moderate-severe asthma exacerbations. In children older than 8 years old, dry-powder inhaler (DPI), a device that delivers medication to the lungs in the form of a dry powder is currently used for maintenance and reliever therapy rather than MDI. In this context, we aim to assess the use of combined inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting ?-agonists (LABAs) as a quick relief therapy in children older than 8 years old presenting at the ER with moderate asthma exacerbation. Acute asthma patients who had severe exacerbation were excluded from this study (these patients receiving systematically continuous nebulized salbutamol and/or intravenous salbutamol upon their arrival)

Start: April 2021
Lung Function Variability in Children and Adolescents

Long-term variability analysis of peak expiratory flow (PEF) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) has been successfully used in research to predict the exacerbation of the disease in adult individuals with asthma. However, there is a paucity of data regarding PEF and FEV1 variability in asthmatic children and adolescents. Such a task requires at least daily PEF and FEV1 measurements, recording in diaries, and periodic evaluation of the data. The process may be proven both complicated and time consuming, thus reducing patients' adherence. Recent advances in biosensor technology have permitted the development of reliable, low-cost, portable spirometers, able to connect with smartphones and monitor lung function parameters in real time and from a distance. The objectives of the present study is the assessment of PEF and FEV1 variability: a) in healthy children and adolescents, in order to define the normal daily fluctuation of PEF and FEV1 and the parameters that may influence it, and b) in children and adolescents with asthma, in order to explore the differences from healthy subjects and reveal any specific variability changes prior to exacerbation. Such data would improve our understanding regarding the disease and permit the development of integrated tools for assessing the level of asthma control and the risk of future exacerbations. The study will include 100 healthy children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years for the assessment of normal PEF and FEV1 variability, and 100 children and adolescents of the same age with diagnosed asthma for the assessment of PEF and FEV1 variability in asthmatics. PEF and FEV1 measurements will be performed using an FDA-approved portable spirometer (MIR Spirobank Smart) capable to connect to smartphone. Each participant will receive his personal spirometer. Measurements will be performed twice a day between 07:00-09:00 and 19:00-21:00 hours and dispatched via email to a central database for a period of 3 months. PEF and FEV1 variability will be assessed by detrended fluctuation analysis, aiming to define the normal pattern (healthy controls) and to detect and quantify the deviations (asthmatics). The anticipated duration of the study is 24 months.

Start: January 2020
Pharmacogenetics Use For Further Treatment Improvement in childreN

There is large heterogeneity in treatment response to asthma medication and a one-size fits all approach based on current guidelines might not fit all children with asthma. It is expected that children with one or more variant alleles (Arg16Arg and Arg16Gly) within the beta2 adrenergic receptor (ADRB2) gene coding for the beta2-receptor have a higher risk to poorly respond to long-acting beta2-agonists (LABA) comparing to the Gly16Gly wildtype. Aims To study whether ADRB2 genotype-guided treatment will lead to improvement in asthma control in children with uncontrolled asthma on inhaled corticosteroids compared with usual care. Design A multicentre, double-blind, precision medicine, randomized trial will be carried out within 20 Dutch hospitals. 310 asthmatic children (6-17 years of age) not well controlled on a low dose of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) will be included and randomized over a genotype-guided and a non-genotype-guided(control) arm. In the genotype-guided arm children with Arg16Arg and Arg16Gly will be treated with double dosages of ICS and with the Gly16Gly wildtype with add on LABA. In the control arm children will be randomized over both treatment options. Lung function measurements, questionnaires focussing on asthma control (ACT/c-ACT) and quality of life, will be obtained in three visits within 6 months. The primary outcome will be improvement in asthma control based on repeated measurement analysis of c-ACT or ACT scores in the first three months of the trial. Additional cost effectiveness studies will be performed. Conclusion Currently, pharmacogenetics is not used in paediatric asthmas. This trial may pave the way to implement promising results for genotype-guided treatment in paediatric asthma in clinical practice.

Start: June 2018
Telemedicine Enhanced Asthma Management - Uniting Providers

This research study is an innovative school-based program for urban children with moderate to severe persistent or difficult-to-control asthma. The Telemedicine Enhanced Asthma Management-Uniting Providers (TEAM-UP) program enhances a school-based, primary care directed asthma program with specialist-supported care to ensure optimal guideline based treatment. This study is a full-scale randomized trial of TEAM-UP versus an enhanced care comparison group. Primary care physicians (PCP) of all enrolled children (n=360, 4-12 yrs.) will be prompted to initiate directly observed therapy (DOT) of preventive asthma medication through school and to make a specialist referral. For children in the TEAM-UP group, the specialist visits will be facilitated via telemedicine at school. The telemedicine specialist visit will be scheduled after 4 weeks of initiating DOT, in order to allow for accurate guideline-based assessments of medication and care needs once adherence with a daily controller medication is established. There will also be 2 telemedicine follow-up specialist visits to assess the child's response to treatment and make needed adjustments. The study will use the existing community infrastructure by implementing both telemedicine and DOT in school, and maintaining collaboration with PCPs. Blinded follow-ups will occur at 3-, 6-, 9- and 12-months after baseline, and the primary outcome is the comparison of symptom-free days (SFD) at each follow-up time point.

Start: November 2018
Telemedicine Enhanced Asthma Management - Uniting Providers for Teens (TEAM-UP for Teens)

Low-income, minority teenagers have disproportionately high rates of asthma morbidity, including excess risk of emergency department visits, hospitalizations, and death from asthma. Despite well established guidelines, under-treatment for asthma is common, particularly for poor urban teens. This study aims to test a novel, developmentally appropriate and scalable model of care to ensure optimal guideline-based treatment for urban teens with difficult to control asthma. The Telemedicine Enhanced Asthma Management-Uniting Providers for Teens (TEAM-UP for Teens) program includes 3 core components: 1- An individualized asthma management plan developed at the start of the school year via a real-time, synchronous school-based telemedicine visit that directly connects the teen to an asthma specialist, 2- School-based directly observed therapy (DOT) to implement the medication plan and allow for teens to experience the benefits of consistent therapy, 3- Follow-up telehealth visits with a nurse asthma educator to facilitate ongoing care and provide developmentally appropriate self-management support. This study is a randomized trial of TEAM-UP for Teens vs an enhanced care (EC) control group (n=360, 12-16 years). We will assess the effectiveness of the program in reducing morbidity and improving guideline-based asthma care. Our main hypothesis is that Teens receiving the TEAM-UP for Teens intervention will have more symptom-free days at 3, 6, 9, and 12-months compared to EC. We will assess a number of secondary outcomes, including additional clinical outcomes, functional outcomes, airway inflammation, and receipt of specific care measures including medication adjustments and treatment of and other comorbidities. We will also identify potential mediators and moderators of the intervention effect, and will evaluate the process of intervention implementation. At the completion of the study, the program will be better defined as a sustainable means to improve care and reduce morbidity for high risk teens with difficult to control asthma.

Start: August 2020
Rhode Island Asthma Integrated Response Program

The study's purpose is to evaluate the RI-Asthma Integrated Response (RI-AIR) Asthma Care Implementation Program (ACIP). RI-AIR ACIP uses an electronic information system to screen children with asthma and identify what specific services each child needs based on the child's asthma symptom and health care status. Our main goal is to see if children experience better asthma outcomes as a result of participation in the program. We will provide our intervention to 730 urban, ethnically diverse children, between 2-12 years old with asthma, and their families and evaluate whether participating in the program improves children's asthma outcomes. The second goal is to evaluate how well the program is set up and how we can make improvements to better serve families of children with asthma. The third goal is to gather information and advice from community experts so that we can make the program sustainable. Families that take part in RI-AIR ACIP will participate in the program over the course of a year, including participating in the intervention, and brief follow up visits at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after completing the intervention. All families will complete the CASE program, which takes place over the course of about 4 weeks and involves in-school or remote school-based asthma education for school aged children, after-school or remote education sessions for their parents, asthma care training for school staff, and an evaluation of asthma triggers in the school. Families of children who have more frequent asthma symptoms and emergency healthcare visits will also compete the HARP program, a home-based program consisting of 3 home sessions (over about 6 weeks) that include individualized asthma education and strategies and supplies for controlling environmental asthma triggers. Both CASE and HARP programs are carried out by certified asthma educators and community health workers. Each child's healthcare provider (HCP) and school nurse teacher (SNT) will receive a standardized, secure email indicating the child is participating in RI-AIR. This email will include a summary of the child's baseline assessment of asthma control and prior health care use, and a description of the program. At the conclusion of the child's participation, the HCP and SNT will receive a summary by secure email summarizing the child's asthma control at the end of the intervention, services delivered, and referrals made, and for HARP participants, triggers observed in the home and supplies and referrals provided.

Start: November 2018