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21 active trials for Ventricular Fibrillation

Observational and Diagnostical Study on Transient Allostatic Responses of Thyroid Function After Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Time-limited adaptive responses of thyroid function are common in the critically ill. About 70% of all patients treated on intensive care units develop a so-called non-thyroidal illness syndrome (NTIS) or TACITUS (thyroid allostasis in critical illness, tumours, uraemia and starvation), which is marked by low serum concentrations of the thyroid hormone T3 and other adaptive reactions of thyroid homeostasis. Occasionally, temporarily elevated concentrations of thyrotropin (TSH) and peripheral thyroid hormones are to be observed, especially after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). However, the available evidence is limited, although abnormal concentrations of thyroid hormones after CPR have occasionally been reported. Aim of the planned study is to investigate the thyrotropic (i.e. thyroid-controlling) partial function of the anterior pituitary lobe immediately after CPR. It is intended to evaluate statistical measures of TSH concentration and peripheral thyroid hormones in de-identified datasets (protocol A). Additionally, a prospective sub-study (protocol B) aims at a more precise description of pituitary and thyroid responses by means of serial investigations in routine serum samples, both immediately after CPR and during the course of ongoing treatment. This includes the evaluation of additional possible predictors, too. Primary endpoint of the study is changed TSH concentration immediately after CPR compared to the TSH value 24 hours later. Secondary endpoint is the relation between thyroid-controlling pituitary function and mortality. A high proportion of patients undergoing CPR will eventually receive iodinated radiocontrast media (e.g. for computed tomography or coronary angiography). This is one of the reasons why early identifying subjects at high risk for possible iodine-induced thyrotoxicosis is important. Increased oxygen consumption of the heart in hyperthyroidism is one of the reasons for high mortality in thyrotoxicosis. Therefore, accurate diagnosis of alterations in the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis is of paramount importance.

Bochum, NRWStart: May 2021
DIagnostics, Fatty Acids and Vitamin D in SCA

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a major cause of mortality in industrialized countries and represents a major health issue. The survival rate after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is only 10-15%, regardless of first recorded rhythm. Prior heart disease is a major risk factor for sudden cardiac arrest (SCA), and coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common underlying cause. A better understanding of pathophysiological mechanisms occurring during cardiac arrest (CA), earlier diagnosis of underlying cause as well as identification of risk factors related to CA may improve patient treatment and increase survival. In our out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA)-study, we intend to investigate whether biomarkers, such as copeptin, hs-cTnT and NT-proBNP in addition to clinical evaluation may improve risk stratification and supply information related to pathophysiology. Furthermore, we intend to gather additional pathophysiological information related to coagulation activation in CA and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), as intravascular thrombosis may impair microcirculation and reduce end-organ blood flow which is associated with a poor prognosis. We intend to study coagulation activation during and immediately after SCA with regard to outcome, and assess the contribution of the intrinsic system, measured together with that of the extrinsic system. Low levels of n-3 fatty acids (FA) are reported as a risk factor for SCD. Red blood cell eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) + docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) may serve as a useful surrogate of cardiac omega-3 fatty acid status. The exact mechanism by which FAs might protect against serious cardiac arrhythmias is not known, but they are expected to exert a membrane stabilizing effect during an ischemic episode. In our study we intend to evaluate the association between ventricular fibrillation (VF) and the content of EPA and DHA in red blood cells. Furthermore, as vitamin D is associated with n-3 FAs in the diet, we also aim at investigating the association between 25-hydroxy (OH)-vitamin D and VF.

Stavanger, RogalandStart: January 2007
Prognostic Value of Ventricular Fibrillation Spectral Analysis in Sudden Cardiac Death

Ventricular fibrillation (VF)-related sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a leading cause of mortality. Patients may survive with neurological damage despite state-of-the-art treatment. Current biological and imaging parameters show significant limitations on early predicting cerebral performance at hospital admission. A spectral-based model was recently suggested to correlate time-dependent VF spectral changes with acute cerebral injury in comatose survivors after cardiac arrest, which opens the possibility to implement early prognostic tools in clinical practice. The AWAKE trial is an investigator-initiated, multicenter, observational trial aiming to validate a spectral-based model to early predict cerebral performance and survival in resuscitated comatose survivors admitted to specialized intensive care units. The primary clinical outcome is favorable neurological performance (FNP) during hospitalization. Patients will be categorized into 4 subsets of NP according to the risk score obtained from the predictive model. The secondary clinical outcomes are survival to hospital discharge, and FNP and survival after 6 months of follow-up. Model-derived categorization will be compared with clinical outcomes to assess model sensitivity, specificity and accuracy. Eligible patients will be included prospectively and retrospectively, using an electronic Case Report Form to enter data from medical records and in-person interviews. Patients will be divided into: study group (predictive data required) including comatose (Glasgow Coma Scale -GCS- ≤8) survivors undergoing temperature control after return of spontaneous circulation (RoSC), and control group including patients who regain consciousness (GCS=15) after RoSC. VF tracings prior to the first DC shock will be digitized and analyzed to derive spectral data and risk scores.

MadridStart: June 2016
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Performance of Professional Rescuers With a New Defibrillation Algorithm

In the Paris (France) Medical Emergency system, in the early phase of Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA), the treatment of a Ventricular Fibrillation (VF) consists of delivering an External Electric Shock (EES) by a rescuer with the use of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED). This latter realizes a cardiac rhythm analysis every two minutes. This analysis requires that chest compressions (CC) be interrupted for a while. However, CC interruptions are potentially harmful due to the brain, and heart perfusions decrease. On the other hand, the recurrence of VF occurs mostly during the first minute after the shock, whereas the delay between 2 rhythm analysis is 2 minutes. The consequence is excessive time spent in VF, which is deleterious in terms of coronary and cerebral perfusion. The investigator implements a new AED algorithm whose operating principle is as follows. One minute after an EES administration, the AED realizes a cardiac rhythm analysis during which the rescuers do not need to interrupt the chest compressions (CC): this is called the rhythm analysis " in presence of CC" The detection of a VF " in presence of CC " needs to be confirmed, " in absence of CC " The CC's are therefore interrupted for new rhythm analysis. Once the presence of VF is approved, the AED proposes a shock to be administred The aim of the study Study Design: This is a prospective observational study. The eligibility criteria are as follows: Patients in Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Basic Life support care with an AED. The primary endpoint is the " chest-compression fraction (CCF) " that represents the CPR-time performance during the ten first minutes of BLS care ( or < 10 min in case of Return Of Spontaneus Circulation (ROSC))

Paris, Non, MerciStart: January 2021
Defining the Electrocardiographic Effect of Propofol on the Ajmaline Provocation Drug Challenge: A Prospective Trial

Background: Brugada Syndrome is an inherited channelopathy associated with risk of ventricular fibrillation and sudden cardiac death in a structurally normal heart. The diagnosis is based on the characteristic electrocardiographic pattern (coved type STsegment elevation, 2mm followed by a negative T-wave in one or more of the right precordial leads V1 to V2), noted spontaneously or upon administration of a sodiumchannel blocker, such as Ajmaline. The majority of adults screened for Brugada Syndrome, undergo the Ajmaline provocation-test awake. Ajmaline is therefore injected continuously, with incremental steps through an intravenous placed catheter, according to cardiological protocols. In a subpopulation of anxious adults, or when another electrophysiological procedure is required at the same time, sedation or general anaesthesia is provided. Similarly, in the paediatric population, it is common practice to perform the challenge test under sedation. Based on the sodium channel blocking properties of propofol, it is not unthinkable that anaesthetic agents might interact with the pharmacodynamic or pharmacokinetic effects of Ajmaline on the myocardial sodium channels. Existence of such interaction would implicate altered diagnostic value of the Ajmaline-provocation-test for patients that undergo the challenge under general anaesthesia. Objective: The goal of this study is to evaluate if the Ajmaline-provocation-test results in altered electrocardiographic effects when performed under general anaesthesia with propofol. Study-design: A prospective observational study. Study population: Patients are eligible for inclusion if they have been diagnosed with Brugada Syndrome, are American Society of Anaesthesiologists (ASA) 2 - 4, older than 18 years and are scheduled for epicardial ablation. Exclusion criteria are known allergy for propofol, a body mass index (BMI) above 35 for female and 42 for male patients, obstetric patients, critical illness, conditions that exclude continuous propofol infusion due to higher risk for propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS), such as mitochondrial disease, fatty acid oxidation disorder, co-enzyme Q deficiency and any other condition that renders the patient unfit for elective surgery. Intervention: This study is prospective, observational. Main study parameters/endpoints: The primary endpoints are changes in the ST-, Jp-, QRS-, T(p-e)-segments and T(p-e)/QT -ratio changes during steady-state anaesthesia. The secondary endpoint is the occurrence of de novo arrhythmias. Nature and extent of the burden and risks associated with participation: This is an observational study; therefore, the risks associated are no other than those associated with the intervention itself. No additional blood-samples, tests or consults are necessitated during participation; therefore, no extra burden is associated.

Jette, BrusselStart: October 2020