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35 active trials for Respiratory Distress Syndrome

LISA in the Delivery Room for Extremely Preterm Infants

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of LISA used in the delivery room (DR) in decreasing the intubation rates in preterm infants at 23-25 weeks gestational age (GA), during first 72 hours compared to the standard approach of stabilization on nasal CPAP in the DR and administering surfactant in the NICU. Infants in both groups will be resuscitated per NRP algorithm. Infants who maintain a stable HR and respiratory effort on CPAP will qualify for the intervention. Infants in Group 1 (Intervention arm) will receive LISA in DR. CPAP will be titrated between 5-8 cm H20 after LISA. Infants in Group 2 (Control arm) will be transferred to NICU on CPAP. The CPAP level will be increased stepwise every 30 minutes to 7 cm H2O if FiO2 ?0.3. Infants requiring CPAP 7 at FiO2 ?0.3 will receive LISA. CPAP will be titrated between 5-8 cm H20 after LISA. Infants in both arms requiring CPAP 7 and FiO2 >0.8 at 20 MOL in the delivery room will be intubated in DR. Any infant with a heart rate not responding with appropriate PPV will be intubated in the DR. CXR will be obtain on admission and umbilical lines will be placed. Infants in both arm who require FiO2 ?0.6 for ?1 hour, apnea requiring stimulation 3 times within one hour or ?6 over 6 hour period, any apnea requiring PPV, or CO2 >0.65 in two consecutive blood gases drawn over two hours will be considered as reasons for intubation after LISA. Primary outcome is the need for MV within 72 hours of life, secondary outcome includes need for MV during first week of life and during hospital stay, bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), spontaneous intestinal perforation (SIP), need for treatment of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), composite death or BPD and mortality. This is a feasibility trial with the intention to enroll 30 infants in each arm of the study over three years.

Start: June 2021
Efficacy of FES Cycling After a Severe Form of COVID-19

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) affect at late march 2021 more than 127 millions of persons worldwide (including more than 4.5 millions in France, according to John Hopkins University https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/map.html, consulted 2021/3/25). Among these persons, 17% of the confirmed cases the COVID-19 develop an acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (Chen et al., 2020), requiring an hospitalization in intensive care unit with mechanical ventilation for prolonged periods (in median up to 21 days whereas 3.3 is the usual mean length of stay). This prolonged period of inactivity causes dramatical muscles and cardio-respiratory losses. These patients experience a dramatical decrease in the physical ability which is reinforce by the protective isolation measures and containment to prevent the further spread of the virus. Rehabilitation of patients with a severe form of the COVID-19 faced new challenges due to the novelty of the disease and protective isolation measures to prevent the further spread of the virus. Rehabilitation target a recovery of the cardio-respiratory, muscle deficits and improvement in activity. Functional electrical stimulation (FES) is one innovative technique, among other. FES have been shown as effective to improve the respiratory function in patients with a severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (Acheche et al., 2020; Maddocks et al., 2016), reduce the muscle loss due to zero gravity in space for astronauts (Maffiuletti et al., 2019), or increase strength in persons with incomplete spinal cord injury (de Freitas et al., 2018). FES has been recently delivered during cycling to restore pedaling movements with an adequate rhythm of muscle contraction. To date, FES cycling has been successfully administered in patients with spinal cord injury, and has been shown to be more effective in patient with severe COPD for improving the exercising intensity; reducing fatigue and improving quality of life in persons with multiple sclerosis (Backus et al., 2020). In a pilot study, we shown that 4 week of physical therapy incluing FES cycling resulted in a fasten recovery of active postures as compared to physical therapy including cycling alone. (Mateo et al., under revision). Therefore, we hypothesize that a 4-week period of rehabilitation based on physical therapy with FES cycling would result in a significantly increase of activity profile (decrease in inactive posture duration) in patient with a severe form of COVID-19 (i.e., with an ARDS requiring mechanical ventilation).

Start: June 2021