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592 active trials for Parkinson Disease

CHIEF PD (CHolinesterase Inhibitor to prEvent Falls in Parkinson's Disease)

Parkinson's disease is a common condition particularly affecting older people. Falls are a very frequent complication of the disease affecting 60% of people with Parkinson's every year. As the population ages, the number of people living with Parkinson's disease and the occurrence of complications will increase. The loss of the chemical dopamine in the brain causes walking in Parkinson's to become slower, unsteady and irregular. People with the condition are therefore at a very high risk of falling. To some extent, people can compensate for these changes by paying more attention to their walking. However, Parkinson's also diminishes memory and thinking ability. This decreases people's ability to pay attention to their walking, especially when doing something at the same time. Cholinesterase inhibitor (ChEis) are drugs that are currently used to treat people with memory problems in Parkinson's. The effect of these drugs on falls in Parkinson's has been tested to show that treatment has the potential to almost halve the number of falls. This trial aims to definitively determine whether cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEi), can prevent falls in Parkinson's and whether this treatment is cost effective. 600 participants with Parkinson's disease will be enrolled from hospitals throughout the UK. Participants will be randomly assigned to either receive the drug (ChEi) via a patch or receive a placebo (dummy) treatment via a patch. Neither the researchers nor the participants will know which group they are in. Participants will take the medication for 12 months and record any falls that they experience in diaries. If successful, this treatment in Parkinson's disease, would tackle one of the most disabling complications of the disease and positive findings will provide robust evidence to change clinical practice.

Bath, SomersetStart: January 2020
Effects of Osteopathic Visceral Manipulation on the Autonomic Nervous System, Balance and Gastrointestinal Disturbances in Individuals With Parkinson's Disease

Introduction: Parkinson's disease (PD) is responsible for several changes in the body, such as balance, gastrointestinal and autonomic disorders and are associated with impairments in the clinical prognosis of these individuals. In this sense, therapies capable of minimizing this impact are extremely important. Osteopathy has become an alternative treatment for individuals with neurological disorders and has been shown to be effective in treating various conditions, including PD. Objective: a) to evaluate the acute effect of visceral manipulation directed to the intestines and visceral plexuses in the autonomic nervous system of PD patients; b) identify the effect of this approach, after four visits, on balance, plantar pressure, gastrointestinal disorders and autonomic nervous system in this population. Materials and Methods: For this randomized clinical trial, 28 adults diagnosed with PD will be recruited. Subjects will be randomized to protocols in two groups: intervention protocol and placebo protocol, where both will consist of 4 visits twice a week. The intervention protocol will consist of osteopathic manipulative techniques and the sham protocol will consist of simulation of therapy, where the therapist will place his hands in the same regions of the intervention protocol, with superficial contact and without therapeutic intention in each region. The outcome measures of the study will consist of Berg balance assessment and plantar pressure, Rome survey on gastrointestinal disorders, and assessment of autonomic modulation by means of heart rate variability analysis. Volunteers and evaluators will be blind to the protocol and not informed of their order. Only the person responsible for the intervention will not be blind to the protocol. Data will be analyzed according to normality (Shapiro-Wilk test), and comparisons of outcomes between the moments (pre and post) will be performed using the T-student test for paired data or Wilcoxon, as normal and for comparisons between protocols. placebo and intervention, Student's T-test for unpaired data or Mann-Whitney test according to normality will be applied. The adopted statistical significance will be fixed at 5%.

Presidente Prudente, São PauloStart: September 2021