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30 active trials for Oropharyngeal Cancer

HPV Vaccine PRGN-2009 Alone or in Combination With Anti-PDL1/TGF-Beta Trap (M7824) in Subjects With HPV Associated Cancers

Background: For some cancers associated with human papillomavirus (HPV), standard treatments are not helpful. Researchers want to see if a vaccine for HPV combined with a drug called M7824 has a better effect on these cancers than when they work alone. Objective: To find a safe dose of HPV vaccine alone or combined with M7824. Also, to test if either HPV vaccine alone or combined with M7824 causes a better immune response. Eligibility: People ages 18 and older with locally advanced or metastatic HPV associated cancer (Phase I) or stage II or III p16-positive oropharyngeal cancer (Phase II) Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam Blood, urine, and heart tests Possible photos of skin lesions CT, MRI, or nuclear bone scan: Participants will lie in a machine that takes pictures of the body. For the CT scan, they may have a contrast agent injected into a vein. Participants may have up to 2 tumor biopsies. For participants in Phase II, this may be performed with a thin tube placed through the nose into the airway. Participants will receive the HPV vaccine alone or with M7824. For participants on the Phase II, they will receive two doses of HPV vaccine under the skin either alone or with M7824 as an infusion spaced two weeks apart. This will be done prior to their planned chemoradiation or surgery. For participants on the Phase I, they will get the HPV vaccine injected under the skin 2 to 3 times in the first month. Then they will have a booster every 4 weeks. They will receive M7824 as an infusion into a vein every 2 weeks. Treatment will last up to 1 year. After they stop treatment, participants will have a visit within 4 weeks. They will then be contacted for long-term follow-up every year, for the rest of their lives. ...

Start: August 2020
Combination Immunotherapy in Subjects With Advanced HPV Associated Malignancies

Background: More than 30,000 cases of human papillomavirus (HPV) associated cancers occur annually in the United States. When these cancers spread, they do not respond well to standard treatments and are often incurable. Researchers want to see if a mix of drugs can help. Objective: To learn if a mix of immunotherapy drugs can shrink tumors in people with HPV associated cancers. Eligibility: People ages 18 and older with locally advanced or metastatic HPV associated cancer, such as cervical cancers; P16+ oropharyngeal cancers; anal cancers; vulvar, vaginal, penile, and squamous cell rectal cancers; or other locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors (e.g., lung, esophagus) that are known HPV+ cancers Design: Participants will be screened with: medical history disease confirmation (or tumor biopsy) physical exam body scans (CT, MRI, and/or nuclear) blood tests electrocardiogram (to measure the electrical activity of the heart) urine tests. Participants will get PDS0101 injected under the skin every 4 weeks for 6 doses. Then they will get it every 3 months for 2 doses. Participants will get M7824 by intravenous infusion every 2 weeks. For this, a needle is inserted into a vein. The drug is given over a 1-hour period. Participants will get NHS-IL12 injected under the skin every 4 weeks. Participants will get the study drugs for up to 1 year. They will visit the NIH every 2 weeks. They will repeat the screening tests during the study. About 28 days after treatment ends, participants will have a follow-up visit or telephone call. Then they will be contacted every 3 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months after that, for the rest of their life. Patients with cervical cancer with prior pelvic radiation and boost brachytherapy will be enrolled in a separate cohort to evaluate safety and preliminary evidence of efficacy...

Start: June 2020
Study Assessing The "Best of" Radiotherapy vs the "Best of" Surgery in Patients With Oropharyngeal Carcinoma

Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OPSCC) arises in the soft palate, tonsils, base of tongue, pharyngeal wall, and the vallecula. Most of the patients with early stage OPSCC are usually cured. Treatment of early stage OPSCC can be successfully achieved with primary surgery including neck dissection, as indicated, or with definitive radiotherapy. The current standard treatment for OPSCC is therefore based on either surgery and/or radiotherapy, both associated with comparable, high tumor control rates but with different side effects profiles and technical constraints. In order to decrease the potential morbidity of surgery, transoral approaches have been developed within the last decades, including transoral robotic surgery (TORS), transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) or conventional transoral techniques. On the other hand, patients with head and neck cancer treated with IMRT experienced significant improvements in cause specific survival (CSS) compared with patients treated with non-IMRT techniques thus suggesting that IMRT may be beneficial in terms of patient's outcomes and toxicity profile. It is as yet unclear however, which one of the new techniques is superior to the other in terms of function preservation. Given that the functional outcome of most importance is swallowing function, the preservation of swallowing is thus of major importance. The main objective of the study is to assess and compare the patient-reported swallowing function over the first year after randomization to either IMRT or TOS among patients with early stage OPSCC, SGSCC, and HPSCC.

Start: November 2017
M7824 in Subjects With HPV Associated Malignancies

Background: In the United States, each year there are more than 30,000 cases of human papillomavirus (HPV) associated cancers. Some of these cancers are often incurable and are not improved by standard therapies. Researchers want to see if a new drug M7824, which targets and blocks a pathway that prevents the immune system from effectively fighting the cancer can shrink tumors in people with some HPV cancers. Objectives: To see if the drug M7824 causes tumors to shrink. Eligibility: Adults age 18 and older who have a cancer associated with HPV infection. Design: Participants will be screened with medical history and physical exam. They will review their symptoms and how they perform normal activities. They will have body scans. They will give blood and urine samples. They will have a sample of their tumor tissue taken if one is not available. Participants will have an electrocardiogram to evaluate their heart. Then they will get the study drug through a thin tube in an arm vein. Participants will get the drug every 2 weeks for 26 times (1 year). This is 1 course. After the course, participants will be monitored but will not take the study drug. If their condition gets worse, they will start another course with the drug. This process can be repeated as many times as needed. Treatment will stop if the participant has bad side effects or the drug stops working. Throughout the study, participants will repeat some or all the screening tests. After participants stop taking the drug, they will have a follow-up visit and repeat some screening tests. They will get periodic follow-up phone calls. ...

Start: February 2018
Prospective Study for the Prognostic and Predictive Role of Circulating Tumor Cells in Patients With Oropharyngeal Advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma: CTCO (Circulating Tumor Cells in the Oropharynx)

Head and neck cancers (HNSCC) are primarily squamous cell cancers represented by tumors of the upper aerodigestive tract. Locally advanced stages (stages III and IV) account for 50 to 70% of all presentations. The three main risk factors are smoking, alcohol and oropharyngeal infection with human papilloma virus (HPV). Apart from HPV status, there is no biomarker for the prognosis in HSNCC patients. Circulating Tumor Cells (CTCs) can provide "real-time" information on tumor behavior and are already used in various cancers (colon, lung). Their detection has limited sensitivity and biomarkers cannot be used for early diagnosis, but may be useful during follow-up to assess local, regional or metastatic early tumor recurrence. By using blood samples at different times (at diagnosis, after initial treatment and during follow-up), we will be able to measure the variation in quantification and establish a predictive role of these CTCs for the response to treatment. Our hypothesis is that CTCs may have a key role, in addition to clinical and radiological examination, in detecting early tumor relapse. We believe that the joint consideration of clinical parameters, treatment strategy and quantification of CTCs could optimize patient follow-up and management. The CTC extraction system, ClearCell® FX from Biolidics, is an automated microfluidic enrichment system. It has the advantage of recovering fully intact and viable CTCs from a standard blood sample. The gentle sorting principle allows to preserve cell integrity and thus the expression of surface antigens. The CTCs thus isolated can then be re-cultured or analyzed by immunostaining. This high-performance technique, in operation since December 2017 in the Biochemistry Department of Pr Claire Rodriguez-Lafrasse (HCL), has demonstrated its usefulness in lung cancer. Transcriptomic analysis of CTCs can be performed at the scale of a cell after isolation of the CTCs. CTCs can then be sequenced in RNAseq either in bulk (pool of cells) or cell by cell on our Illumina (Nextseq) sequencer, in order to define the heterogeneity of the tumor. Transcriptome analysis then provides information on the state of the cell as to its position in the epithelio-mesenchymal transition thanks to a molecular signature by phenotype. A priori-free characterization is therefore possible thanks to the RNAseq single-cell. This highly sensitive and innovative technique will allow the study of the gene expression profile of CTCs.

Start: February 2021