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117 active trials for Neuroendocrine Tumors

Lu-177-DOTATATE (Lutathera) in Combination With Olaparib in Inoperable Gastroenteropancreatico Neuroendocrine Tumors (GEP-NET)

Background: A neuroendocrine tumor is a rare type of tumor. It comes from body cells called neuroendocrine cells. Sometimes, these tumors develop in the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. Researchers want to find out if a combination of drugs can shrink these tumors. Objective: To learn if people with certain neuroendocrine tumors can take a combination of 2 drugs, Lutathera and Olaparib, without having severe side effects, and if this treatment makes the tumors shrink. Eligibility: Adults 18 and older who have a neuroendocrine tumor in the pancreas or intestine that cannot be cured by surgery and has somatostatin receptors on the cells. Design: Participants will be screened under protocol 01-C-0129. They may have a tumor biopsy. Eligible participants will get Lutathera through an intravenous (IV) infusion every 8 weeks for 4 cycles. One cycle is 8 weeks. Each cycle includes a follow-up visit at week 4. For the IV, a small plastic tube is put into an arm vein. Participants will also take Olaparib by mouth twice a day for 4 weeks of each cycle. They will use a medicine diary to track the doses. During the study, participants will have physical exams. They will have blood and urine tests. They will fill out questionnaires about their general well-being and function. Their heart function will be tested. They will have scans of their chest, abdomen, and pelvis. One type of scan will use an IV infusion of a radioactive tracer. Participants will have a follow-up visit about 4 weeks after treatment ends. Then they will have follow-up visits every 12 weeks for 3 years. Then they will have yearly phone calls....

Start: June 2021
Natural History Study of Children and Adults With Neuroendocrine Neoplasms (NEN)s

Background: Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) are rare tumors that originate in neuroendocrine cells. NENs can affect almost any part of the body. People with low-grade tumors can live many years. But high-grade tumors can be very aggressive. Researchers want to learn more about this type of cancer. This may help them design better treatments and supportive care studies. Objective: To gain a better understanding of neuroendocrine neoplasms. Eligibility: People starting at age 3 and older who have or are suspected of having NENs and are enrolled in protocol 19C0016, Natural History and Biospecimen Acquisition Study for Children and Adults with Rare Solid Tumors Design: Participants will be screened with questions about their medical history. This may be done over the telephone or in person. Participants medical records, test results, and imaging results will be reviewed. They may have scans and blood tests. They may sign a separate consent form for some of the tests. Participants will complete paper or electronic surveys. The surveys will ask about the effects of cancer on their wellbeing. Participants may give samples of their tumors from previous surgeries or biopsies. These samples will be used to study their tumor genes. Participants will get advice on how to manage their NENs. They will also get recommendations about potential treatment options. Participants home doctors will be contacted every 6 to 12 months. They will give medical data such as imaging and test results. Participants may have follow-up visits at NIH every 6 to 12 months. Participants will contact researchers if there are any changes in their tumor. Participants will be followed on this study for life.

Start: November 2020
Lu-177-DOTATATE (Lutathera) in Therapy of Inoperable Pheochromocytoma/ Paraganglioma

Background: Pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma are rare tumors. They usually form inside and near the adrenal gland or in the neck region. Not all these tumors can be removed with surgery, and there are no good treatments if the disease has spread. Researchers think a new drug may be able to help. Objective: To learn the safety and tolerability of Lu-177-DOTATATE. Also, to see if it improves the length of time it takes for the cancer to return. Eligibility: Adults who have an inoperable tumor of the study cancer that can be detected with Ga-68-DOTATATE PET/CT imaging Design: Participants will be screened with a medical history, physical exam, and blood tests. Eligible participants will be admitted to the NIH Clinical Center. Participants will get the study drug in an intravenous infusion. They will get 4 doses, given about 8 weeks apart. Between 4 and 24 hours after each study drug dose, participants will have scans taken. They will lie on their back on a scanner table. Participants will have vital signs taken. They will give blood and urine samples. During the study, participants will have other scans taken. Some scans will use a radioactive tracer. Participants will complete quality of life questionnaires. Participants will be contacted by phone 1-3 days after they leave the Clinical Center. They will then be followed every 3 to 6 months for 3 years or until their disease gets worse.

Start: October 2017
MGMT-NET: O6-methylguanine-DNA Methyltransferase (MGMT) Status in Neuroendocrine Tumors: Predictive Factor of Response to Alkylating Agents

Neuroendocrine tumors (NET) are rare but their incidence is growing. Alkylating agents (ALKY) are one of the main systemic treatments used, at least for advanced duodeno-pancreatic NETs, with a response rate of 30 to 40% and a median progression-free survival of 4 to 18 months. Chemotherapy is one of the few therapeutic weapons, along with everolimus, somatostatin analogs, and metabolic radiotherapy, for lung NETs, called typical and atypical carcinoids, even if the level of proof of efficacy for these treatments is lower than for duodeno-pancreatic NETs. Considering the available retrospective data, O6-Methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) appears to be a predictive factor of the response to ALKY. Oxaliplatin (OX) has demonstrated an interesting activity, with response rates between 17% and 30%. In a first retrospective study we showed that Gemox is effective in NET, and more recently that its activity is similar to that of ALKYs, but without being influenced by the MGMT status. Prospective studies are needed but our data suggests that ALKY should be offered first to patients with methylated MGMT tumors while Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy should be offered first to patients with unmethylated MGMT tumors. In this project, we wish to evaluate the contribution of the MGMT methylation, evaluated in the tumor, in predicting the Objective Response (OR) in patients treated with ALKY and to evaluate a treatment with alkylating agents versus Oxaliplatin in patients with a duodeno-pancreatic or lung or unknown primitive NET.

Start: October 2018