300,000+ clinical trials. Find the right one.

16 active trials for Nephrotic Syndrome

Belimumab With Rituximab for Primary Membranous Nephropathy

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of belimumab and intravenous rituximab co-administration at inducing a complete remission (CR) compared to rituximab alone in participants with PM. Background: Primary membranous nephropathy (MN) is among the most common causes of nephrotic syndrome in adults. MN affects individuals of all ages and races. The peak incidence of MN is in the fifth decade of life. Primary MN is recognized to be an autoimmune disease, a disease where the body's own immune system causes damage to kidneys. This damage can cause the loss of too much protein in the urine. Drugs used to treat MN aim to reduce the attack by one's own immune system on the kidneys by blocking inflammation and reducing the immune system's function. These drugs can have serious side effects and often do not cure the disease. There is a need for new treatments for MN that are better at improving the disease while reducing fewer treatment associated side effects. In this study, researchers will evaluate if treatment with a combination of two different drugs, belimumab and rituximab, is effective at blocking the immune attacks on the kidney compared to rituximab alone. Rituximab works by decreasing a type of immune cell, called B cells. B cells are known to have a role in MN. Once these cells are removed, disease may become less active or even inactive. However, after stopping treatment, the body will make new B cells which may cause disease to become active again. Belimumab works by decreasing the new B cells produced by the body and, may even change the type of new B cells subsequently produced. Belimumab is approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat systemic lupus erythematosus (also referred to as lupus or SLE). Rituximab is approved by the FDA to treat some types of cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, and vasculitis. Neither rituximab nor belimumab is approved by the FDA to treat MN. Treatment with a combination of belimumab and rituximab has not been studied in individuals with MN, but it is currently being tested in other autoimmune diseases, including lupus nephritis and Sjögren's syndrome.

Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaStart: October 2019
From Immune System Damage to Podocyte Cell Damage: Prospective Database and Biological Collection of Patients (Children and Adults) With MGLS and HSFP

Idiopathic Nephrotic Syndrome (INS) is a kidney disease characterized by massive proteinuria and hypoalbuminemia. It includes two anatomopathological entities: nephrotic syndrome with minimal glomerular lesions (SNLGM) and primary segmental and focal hyalinosis (PHF). Renal biopsy reveals a fusion of the feet of the podocytes without inflammatory lesions or deposits of immune complexes. Clinical and experimental observations strongly suggest that the immune system and podocyte dysfunction are the two facets of the disease. There are currently no clinical or biological markers to predict the diagnosis of corticosteroid sensitivity, corticosteroid dependence, or risk of recurrence of kidney disease after kidney transplantation. To our knowledge, no prospective studies have been designed to study both immune system alterations and podocyte damage as well as genetic predisposition variants in NIS. Therefore, the use of steroids/immunosuppressive agents is purely empirical with a multitude of side effects. The objective is to identify and test new therapeutic targets rather than conducting new trials with existing treatments, using either drug candidates or molecules selected by high throughput screening of libraries of repositioning molecules using an appropriate read-out. The biobank may also be used to analyze the effects of conventional treatments on identified new biomarkers. We expect the project to produce original and patentable results with subsequent valuation. Patentability will be anticipated before any publication on the subject. The patent and valorization cells of hospitals, INSERM and Universities will be involved in the results as soon as they are obtained.

ParisStart: May 2020
Efficacy and Safety of Rituximab to That of Calcineurin Inhibitors in Children With Steroid Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome

The vast majority of children with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome respond well to corticosteroid treatment. However, as many as 20% experience a more complicated course with steroid resistance (SRNS). Repeated and prolonged courses of steroids in these children often result in long-term complications. The goal of treatment is to reduce the rate of relapses, the cumulative dose of corticosteroids, and the incidence of serious complications. In order to minimize the side effects of steroid therapy, different steroid sparing agents such as cyclophosphamide, calcineurin inhibitors(CNI), levamisole, and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) have been used in SRNS. Whereas CNI are usually considered the steroid sparing drug class of first choice, rituximab is increasingly used as alternative to minimize CNI toxicity. Various prospective studies suggest that Rituximab, a B cell depleting monoclonal antibody, could be a safe and effective alternative to steroid or immunosuppressants to achieve and maintain remission in this population. Rituximab infusion have been shown to be efficacious for 6 to 12 months and the side effect profile observed to date is very benign. Studies comparing the usefulness of these agents are lacking. In this proposed randomized controlled trial, the investigators want to compare the efficacy and safety of CNI to that of Rituximab in treating children with SRNS.

Kolkata, West BengalStart: March 2015