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297 active trials for Mild Cognitive Impairment

Validation of a Novel Self-Administered Cognitive Assessment Tool (CogCheck) in Patients With Mild and Major Neurocognitive Disorder Predominantly Due to Alzheimer's Disease

Due to the demographical development, age-related diseases will drastically increase over the next decades. To face this healthcare challenge, early and accurate identification of cognitive impairment is crucial. The assessment of neurocognitive functioning ideally requires a tool that is short, easy to administer and interpret, and has high diagnostic accuracy. In this context, the use of computerized test batteries is receiving increasing attention. Compared to paper-pencil tests, computerized test batteries have many advantages. The possibility to measure reaction times may provide additional information. Moreover, test questions are always presented the exact same way, examiner-related bias is eliminated, and results are available immediately after examination. Due to the ability to adjust the level of difficulty to the performance of the individual, floor and ceiling effects may be minimized. Additionally, costs are reduced, and fewer materials and less trained personnel are required. Finally, big data approaches and the use of machine learning algorithms are becoming more popular in the field of clinical diagnostics, and computerized cognitive test batteries may facilitate future data collection to this aim. In 2014, we developed a self-administered tablet computer program for the iPad (CogCheck) to assess preoperative cognitive functioning in surgery patients. The cognitive tests used in the CogCheck application are identical or similar to the paper-and-pencil tests that are currently used in dementia diagnostics. Replacing some of the paper-and-pencil tests by a computerized test battery may facilitate the routine neuropsychological examinations. Thus, we aim to investigate the diagnostic accuracy and user-friendliness of CogCheck when applied in a cognitively impaired patient sample. In a first step, the diagnostic properties of CogCheck will be examined by differentiating between healthy controls and patients with mild or major neurocognitive disorder (NCD) predominantly due to Alzheimer's disease (AD). Data from healthy controls have been collected (EKNZ Req-2016-00393) in a previous normative study of CogCheck. Thus a further aim is to investigate the user-friendliness of CogCheck in patients with mild or major NCD predominantly due to AD. The primary aim of our study is to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of CogCheck for patients with mild or major NCD predominantly due to AD in a German-speaking population. Secondary aims are: (1) to examine the user-friendliness of CogCheck in patients with mild or major NCD predominantly due to AD, (2) to compare the results between cognitively healthy individuals (EKNZ Req-2016-00393) and patients with mild or major NCD predominantly due to AD on each of the CogCheck subtest, (3) to establish an algorithm with the CogCheck subtests that optimally distinguishes between cognitively healthy controls (EKNZ Req-2016-00393) and patients with mild or major NCD predominantly due to AD, (4) to compare the diagnostic properties of CogCheck with the ones of the currently used paper-pencil tests.

Start: June 2021
MI-CBT Adherence Program for Lifestyle Interventions in Older Adults

Objective 1: Assess feasibility and acceptability of all protocol components of a pilot pragmatic trial testing a 6-week telehealth ketogenic nutrition adherence (KNA) program using motivational interviewing and cognitive behavioral strategies (MI-CBT) compared to a KN information only group for older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in a community senior health clinic to prepare for a full-scale trial. Specifically, the investigators will examine the feasibility of the recruitment, retention, assessment, electronic health record (EHR) downloads, and intervention delivery methods through the FSU SeniorHealthTM clinic. The investigators hypothesize that: The study protocol will result in high patient retention (90%) and patient attendance of intervention sessions (80%), and A centralized MI-CBT telehealth delivery approach will be associated with high intervention acceptability ratings from patients and key stakeholders. Objective 2: Assess signal of initial effect of the KNA program on important clinical outcomes and adherence relative to a KN information-only condition. The investigators hypothesize that patients in the KNA condition, relative to the KN-only condition, will show: higher rates of clinically significant improvements on the RBANS total scale scores, improvements in daily functioning (FSQ), and decreases in patient CAIDE risk score( (Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging, and Incidence of Dementia), and improved adherence to KN, as evidenced by higher levels of measurable urine ketones in the KNA condition compared to the KN-only condition.

Start: July 2021
Longitudinal Study for the Characterization of the Phases of Subjective Perception of Cognitive Decline and Mild Cognitive Impairment of Alzheimer's Disease.

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the leading cause of dementia and its prevalence is estimated to exceed 100 million affects by 2050, becoming the main public health problem worldwide. AD is considered a clinicopathological entity characterized by a progressive cognitive impairment with affectation of memory and other cognitive domains, which underlies a neuropathological pattern with extracellular accumulation of ?-amyloid protein (A?) in the form of neuritic plaques, intracellular deposits of tau protein in the form of neuritic strands and neurofibrillary tangles, neuronal and synaptic loss and glial proliferation. Classically, its definitive diagnosis implied the existence of a clinical phenotype compatible with dementia, together with the neuropathological findings characteristic of the disease. More recently, evidence of clinical and biological changes leading to the dementia phase has led to the development of new diagnostic criteria that divide the course of AD into 3 stages: (1) a pre-clinical phase, which would include persons with positive biomarkers with normal cognitive performance for their age and educational level; (2) a phase of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), characterized by cognitive performance lower than expected by age and educational level; and (3) a dementia phase, once cognitive deficits interfere with the activities of daily living. Recent research has also shed light into the subdivision of each of the above-mentioned stages in distinct phases. For example, the existence of a subjective perception of cognitive decline or a subtle cognitive decline, have been postulated as phases within the AD preclinical stage. The lack of positive results in the different clinical trials performed to date in patients with AD dementia has redirected the focus of therapeutic strategies towards preventing the development of dementia. For this reason, a detailed characterization of the successive clinical and biological changes that lead to the dementia stage is of vital importance in identifying the persons who could benefit from a possible preventive strategy, as well as the optimal moment to carry out the intervention. The the scientific community, is convinced that intervention aiming to prevent the clinical development of AD dementia must be implemented several years before the first symptoms arise. In this context, the present project is developed under the hypothesis that subjective cognitive decline (SCD) in individuals with a performance in cognitive tests within normality represents the first symptomatic manifestation of AD. In persons with SCD, the presence of a higher intensity of subjective complaint quantified using a specific subjective complaint questionnaire (SCD-Q) will be associated with lower cognitive performance and a higher rate of conversion to MCI and/or dementia. The relationship between the perception of cognitive decline by the subject and his/her relative will differently vary depending on the stage of the disease: in subjects with progressive cognitive impairment, the subjective perception of cognitive decline will decrease with disease progression whereas the perception of decline will increase with disease progression in their relatives. The degree of perception of cognitive decline throughout the different phases of the disease will be correlated with cognitive and affective patterns as well as with changes in AD biomarkers. These changes will be related to specific brain patterns and abnormal levels of AD biomarkers, which on the other hand will also be present in patients with MCI and mild dementia due to AD. The present study has two main objectives that are: To characterize from a cognitive and biomarker (when available) point of view persons with SCD and to study its association with the risk of presenting a progressive cognitive deterioration. To study the evolution of the subjective perception of cognitive impairment by the participants and their relatives and to analyze its impact in cognitive, affective and functional terms along the clinical-biological continuum of AD.

Start: February 2018
BDPP Treatment for Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and Prediabetes or Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM)

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) represents a group of persons who are at risk of incident dementia in the near-term. Persons with MCI who have deficits in short-term recall (amnestic MCI) are at significant risk of incident Alzheimer's disease (AD) (termed prodromal AD), and thus represent a worthy target for secondary prevention interventions. There is increasing evidence that risk factors for metabolic syndrome (such as prediabetes and type 2 diabetes) increase risk of incident cognitive impairment and possibly AD, and evidence that the neurons of the AD brain are in fact insulin resistant with diminished glucose uptake under physiological conditions. Thus, persons with MCI and prediabetes or type 2 diabetes may be at particular risk of incident cognitive impairment and AD. A large clinical trial (ACCORD)1 demonstrated that tight control of peripheral blood glucose does not improve cognitive (or other health) outcomes in older persons with peripheral insulin resistance. Thus, there is a need to target cognitive outcomes in persons with MCI and metabolic risk factors, and a drug targeting insulin resistance with good blood-brain-barrier (BBB) penetrance can potentially accomplish these objectives. While there is a phase III study of intranasal insulin targeting this strategy, nutraceuticals offer a low-tech solution that would be more suitable to future secondary prevention trials in MCI. Bioactive Dietary Polyphenol Preparation (BDPP) is a combination of two nutraceutical preparations grape seed polyphenolic extract (GSE), and resveratrol that contain abundant concentrations of polyphenols. The investigators have found that oral BDPP administration was associated with improved cognition and brain plasticity long-term potentiation (LTP) in mouse models of metabolic syndrome and AD, as well as lowering brain amyloid and tau burden in an AD mouse model2-4. The investigators have demonstrated excellent absorption of oral BDPP in a small study in humans and similarly excellent CSF penetration of oral BDPP in rats, but it is crucial to demonstrate safety and CSF penetration of oral BDPP in humans to assess its potential as a treatment for MCI and prediabetes or type 2 diabetes.

Start: June 2015
tDCS on Parkinson's Disease Cognition

Parkinson's disease (PD) has been classically regarded as a "movement disorder", so earlier work has focused on treating motor symptoms only. As PD patients now have longer life expectancy, the relatively slowly progressing cognitive deficits (compared to their motor deficits) have become one of the major challenges. Approximately 80% of PD patients eventually become demented. Therefore cognitive dysfunction is one of the most significant factors affecting the quality of life of patients with PD. While dementia in Parkinson's disease is routinely treated by cholinesterase inhibitors (e.g., donepezil and rivastigmine), their efficacy on mild cognitive impairment found in non-demented PD is questionable. Alternative approaches have been proposed including transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) but no consensus has been reached. This can be attributed mainly to: (1) imprecise knowledge of the underlying functional circuitry mediating this disease manifestation and (2) inter-individual variability. Here, the investigators will utilize a novel personalized network analysis approach to elucidate on the underlying mechanisms of the effect of tDCS on cognitive dysfunction in non-demented PD patients. It has been well documented that the caudate nucleus plays an important role in cognitive dysfunction found in PD. In the investigators' preliminary resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, they have shown that the connectivity of the right caudate nucleus is correlated to cognitive status of PD patients measured by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). The investigators hypothesize that tDCS on the left and/or right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex may restore the functional connectivity of the right caudate nucleus which may in turn improve patients' cognitive performance.

Start: March 2017
REACT MCI - Repeated Advanced Cognitive Training in Mild Cognitive Impairment

Background: Dementia is a debilitating and devastating disease impacting the individuals, their families, and the health care system. According to the World Health Organization the dementia epidemic could overwhelm the global health care system and undermine social and economic development. Currently, no curative treatment for dementia exists despite immense research activity. The cognitive and functional impairment in dementia, especially Alzheimer's disease (AD), develop slowly decades before clinical signs emerge. This knowledge has led to the recognition of a prodromal period of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), between normal cognition and dementia. This is at present the earliest stage for intervention in dementia; even a short delay in dementia progression will have a large impact on global economy and health care. Objectives: In this clinical multicenter study, we aim to investigate the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of working memory training in MCI. To identify high responders to training analysis of genetic markers, relative's stress and craniospinal clearance will be performed. Participants and methods: This study is a blinded, randomized and controlled trail that will include 213 participants, diagnosed with MCI, included from five Norwegian Memory clinics in four health care regions. The groups will be randomized to either two training periods, one training period or active control. The intervention is computerized working memory training. Neuropsychological status, activities of daily living (ADL), and relative stress and quality of life will be assessed at baseline and 3, 6, 12 ,24 and 48 months after training. Structural MRI will be performed at baseline, and 3 and 6 months after training. For participants in the REACT MCI glymphatics substudy craniospinal clearance will be measured at baseline. A cost-utility analysis will be performed to evaluate if the working memory training is more cost-effective compared to the active control group in the MCI phase, taking a societal perspective.

Start: May 2021