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50 active trials for Mental Disorder

Digital Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Insomnia Compared With Digital Patient Education About Insomnia in Individuals Referred to Public Mental Health Services in Norway

Sleep is a fundamental human need with large impact on both psychological and somatic functioning. However, for patients with mental disorders, sleep is often disturbed. Across all diagnostic groups, sleep disturbance is one of the most common and disruptive symptoms. For decades it has been assumed that the sleep disturbance these patients experience was a secondary symptom of a primary mental disorder, but recently this has changed. Experimental and clinical data now suggest that there is a reciprocal relationship between sleep disturbance and mental disorders where they perpetuate and aggravate each other. This makes sleep disturbance a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of mental disorders. Evidence emerging the last decade indicate that providing Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I) to patients with mental disorders not only improves sleep, but also has clinically meaningful effects on their primary mental disorder. However, a major problem has been disseminating CBT-I and few therapists are trained in this intervention. Consequently, most patients receive sleep medication although evidence clearly indicate that CBT-I is more effective and should be the treatment of choice. In this study, the investigators will use a fully automated digital version of CBT-I that might be used to treat a large number of patients while they are still on the waiting list to receive ordinary outpatient treatment in secondary mental health care clinics in Norway. The main goal is to test the effectiveness of digital CBT-I for this patient group.

Start: November 2020
Neurobiological Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Treatment in Alcohol Use Disorder

Background: Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is a complex psychiatric disorder, involving several brain areas and neurocircuits. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) allows to stimulate superficial areas of brain using a weak electrical current. Preliminary data suggest that tDCS may reduce alcohol craving and consumption. Objectives: The main outcome is to test if tDCS can reduce alcohol craving and use and to assess the changes in BDNF and pro-BDNF levels. Secondary outcomes are the assessment of other psychiatric dimensions (mood, behavioral and cognitive alterations) associated with prolonged alcohol use. Eligibility: Healthy, right-handed adults ages 18-65 who do have AUD (moderate to severe). Design: This is a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study with three phases: 1) a tDCS intensive treatment phase; 2) follow-up with weekly tDCS stimulation; 3) follow-up without tDCS stimulation. Participants will be screened with: Psychometric Scales Medical history Physical exam Urine tests and breathalyzer After being enrolled, baseline behavioral and laboratory data will be collected. In particular, participants will undergo: Psychometric Scales Venous blood sample (BDNF/proBDNF levels) Participants will be randomized to real or sham tDCS arm. The stimulation will be delivered daily for five days during the first week (intensive treatment phase) and then weekly for 3 months (follow-up with stimulation). During this period patient will be tested with a behavioral and psychometric evaluation.Therefore, participants will receive 3 follow-up monthly visits without tDCS stimulation, in which behavioral and psychometric data will be collected. Treatment includes: tDCS: The tDCS will be delivered with a stimulator connected to two sponge electrodes, soaked in a saline solution. The stimulation will be administered at a current intensity of approximately 1 mA, for the duration of 20 minutes. The anode will be placed on the right DLPFC, the cathode on the contralateral cortical area. BDNF/proBDNF levels: A venous blood sample will be collected before the first stimulation and after the last stimulation of the intensive-stimulation period (first week). The blood sample will be centrifuged within 20 minutes of sampling at 1000 × g for 15 minutes. Then, the serum will be aliquoted and stored at -80 ° C until analysis. Repeat of screening tests and questionnaires Urine toxicological screen and breathalyzer

Start: July 2021
Reducing Stigma Among Healthcare Providers (RESHAPE-cRCT)

A growing number of trials have demonstrated treatment effectiveness for mental illness by non-specialist providers, such as primary care providers, in low-resource settings. A barrier to scaling up these evidence-based practices is the limited uptake from trainings into service provision and lack of fidelity to evidence-based practices among non-specialists. This arises, in part, from stigma among non-specialists against people with mental illness. Therefore, interventions are needed to address attitudes among non- specialists. To address this gap, REducing Stigma among HeAlthcare Providers to improvE Mental Health services (RESHAPE), is an intervention for non-specialists in which social contact with persons with mental illness is added to training and supervision programs. A cluster randomized control trial will address primary objectives including changes in stigma (Social Distance Scale) and improved quality of mental health services, operationalized as accuracy of identifying patients with mental illness in primary care. The control condition is existing mental health training and supervision for non-specialists delivered through the Nepal Ministry of Health's adaptation of the World Health Organization mental health Gap Action Programme. The intervention condition will incorporate social contact with people with mental illness into existing training and supervision. Participants in the cluster randomized control trial will be the direct beneficiaries of training and supervision (primary care providers) and indirect beneficiaries (their patients). Primary care workers' outcomes include stigma (Social Distance Scale), knowledge (mental health Gap Action Programme knowledge scale), implicit attitudes (Implicit Association Test), clinical self-efficacy (mental health Gap Action Programme knowledge scale), and clinical competence (Enhancing Assessment of Common Therapeutic factors) to be assessed pre-training, post-training, and at 3- and 6-month follow-up. Accuracy of diagnoses will be determined through the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual version 5, which will be assessed at 3 months after patient enrollment. Patient outcomes include functioning, quality of life, psychiatric symptoms, medication side effects, barriers to care, and cost of care assessed at enrollment and 3 and 6 months. This study will inform decisions regarding inclusion of persons living with mental illness in training primary care providers.

Start: September 2021
"Let's Get Organized" in Adult Psychiatric/Habilitation Care

This project aims to evaluate and establish evidence for a novel, group-based intervention that can help people with cognitive limitations due to mental or neurodevelopmental disorders to improve their ability to manage time and organize activities. This might provide an important step towards establishing healthy life habits, getting or maintaining employment, and managing family life. Time management is a necessary skill for maintaining healthy life habits and daily occupations in modern society. People with limited cognitive function due to, for example, mental or neurodevelopmental disorders, have documented difficulties in time management, which is also related to issues with self-efficacy. Common interventions for persons with poor time management are time-assistive devices and products, but studies show that these devices alone are not enough to cover these people's needs. Structured training is needed, but there is a lack of structured interventions to enhance time management skills. The intervention program "Let's get organized" (LGO) is a manual-based group intervention aiming to enhance time management, targeted to persons with mental or neurodevelopmental disorders. In a recent feasibility study the LGO showed promising results. This project aims to evaluate to what extent the LGO intervention is effective in improving time management, and satisfaction with daily occupations. The proposed project is a randomized-controlled trial carried out in ten psychiatric units in Sweden. Participants (n=104) will be randomly assigned to either LGO group intervention or individual Occupational Therapy intervention for ten weeks .The primary outcome of the study is self-reported time management measured by the Assessment of Time Management Skills. Secondary outcomes are occupational balance, self-efficacy, parental competence and cost-effectiveness.

Start: August 2018
Testing the Effectiveness of an Evening Blue-depleted Light Environment in an Acute Psychiatric Ward

There is increasing recognition of the need to stabilize sleep-wake cycles in individuals with major mental disorders. As such, clinicians and researchers advocate for the use of interventions targeted at sleep and circadian dysrhythmias as an adjunct to the standard treatments offered for acute illness episodes of a broad range of diagnoses. To determine the trans-diagnostic generalizability of chronotherapy, the investigators will explore the benefits of admitting individuals with major mental disorders to an acute psychiatric inpatient unit where changes in light exposure are integrated into the therapeutic environment. A two-arm pragmatic effectiveness randomized controlled treatment trial, where individuals admitted for inpatient psychiatric care will be allocated to a ward with blue depleted evening light or to a ward with the same layout and facilities but lacking the new lighting technology. The trial will test whether the experimental lighting conditions offer any additional benefits beyond those associated with usual treatment in an acute psychiatric inpatient unit. The main objectives are to examine any differences between groups in the mean duration of hospitalization in days. Additional analyses will compare groups differences in sleep, functioning, symptoms, medication usage, and side-effects and whether length of stay is associated with stability of sleep-wake cycles and circadian rhythms. Given this unique research opportunity, ancillary investigations will determine any benefits according to diagnostic subgroups and potential drawbacks such as any adverse effects on the well-being of professionals working across both wards.

Start: October 2018
Peer Navigators to Address Obesity-Related Concerns for African Americans With Serious Mental Illness

People with serious mental illness such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder experience high rates of physical illness and die earlier than people without serious mental illness (WHO, 2005). Health differences seem to be worse among African Americans (Weber, Cowan, Millikan & Niebuhr, 2009). High rates of obesity among this group contribute to health and wellness concerns (de Hert et al., 2011), with African American women at higher risk of obesity than men. Behavioral weight loss interventions (BWLIs) may promote diet and physical activity that lead to weight loss, but healthy food and safe physical activity options are less available in low-income neighborhoods. Peer navigators have been found to be effective in addressing health differences, and may help people living in low-income communities find healthy food and activity resources (Fischer, Sauaia, & Kutner, 2007). In addition, traumatic experiences are common among persons with serious mental illness as well as African Americans, and may impact weight. Through this project, investigators will test two interventions designed to address overweight and obesity among African Americans with serious mental illness. The first is a BWLI designed for persons with serious mental illness and adapted to meet the needs of African Americans. This program has 8-month intervention phase and 4-month maintenance phase. The intervention includes group weight management classes, group physical activity, individual visits to address barriers to meeting weight goals, and weigh-ins. The second intervention is a peer navigator program that assists people with serious mental illness in meeting their health needs in the community. Two-hundred and seventy (270) research participants will be recruited and randomly assigned to one of three conditions: BWLI program, BWLI program plus peer navigator, and treatment as usual (integrated physical and mental health care). Investigators will evaluate these interventions over a 12-month period, and will track weight change, health behaviors, physical and mental health, recovery, and quality of life. Investigators also seek to understand the impact of gender and trauma on outcomes. Investigators hypothesize that peer navigators will improve outcomes over the BWLI program alone. Findings will advance knowledge and services to reduce racial disparities in obesity and comorbid health conditions for African Americans with serious mental illnesses.

Start: December 2017