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31 active trials for Lynch Syndrome

Faecal Microbiota Characterization in Lynch Syndrome (LS) Patients With or Without Colorectal Neoplasia

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second cause of cancer-related death in western countries. CRC prevention and screening are major public health issues. Better knowledge of colorectal carcinogenesis could lead to better prevention. Gut microbiota (GM) is a complex community of bacteria, fungi, protozoa, viruses and bacteriophages which live in a symbiotic and epigenetic relationship with the host. GM can promote either digestive health or CRC through inflammatory and proliferative effects. Lynch syndrome (LS) is the most common familial CRC syndrome with a lifetime CRC risk of 52% in women and 69% in men. The risk of CRC depends upon type of altered mismatch-repair gene and environmental factors (diet, exercise, obesity, tobacco and alcohol intake, etc.). Regular surveillance including annual or biannual colonoscopy is recommended in LS patients. Chemoprevention has the potential to represent a cost-effective intervention in these high-risk patients and could allow a delay in colonoscopy surveillance. Regular low dose aspirin use is associated with a 20 to 30% reduction in the risk of sporadic colonic adenomas and CRC. The real benefit of aspirin is still to be consolidated. AAS-Lynch trial is an ongoing prospective multicenter (n=37), double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial, designed to investigate whether daily aspirin, at a dose of 100 or 300 mg compared with placebo, would decrease the occurrence or recurrence of colorectal adenomas in LS patients. The primary endpoint is the number of patients with at least one adenoma detected by chromo-endoscopy 48 months after initial colon clearance. At randomization and at the end of study, stool collection, blood collection, quality of life questionnaire, validated food frequency questionnaire (SU-VI-MAX2) and physical activity questionnaire are performed. The ongoing AAS-Lynch study allow accessing to a unique fecal collection in very well characterized LS patients including a comprehensive dietary evaluation at high risk for colorectal neoplasia and planned colonoscopy surveillance during a 48 months follow-up, exposed or not exposed to chronic low dose aspirin. The expertise of the scientific consortium with state of the art microbiota analysis, the comprehensive collection of data and the prospective design of the study will allow the evaluation of the true role of gut microbiota in CRC carcinogenesis.

Start: April 2021
Familial Investigations of Childhood Cancer Predisposition

NOTE: This is a research study and is not meant to be a substitute for clinical genetic testing. Families may never receive results from the study or may receive results many years from the time they enroll. If you are interested in clinical testing please consider seeing a local genetic counselor or other genetics professional. If you have already had clinical genetic testing and meet eligibility criteria for this study as shown in the Eligibility Section, you may enroll regardless of the results of your clinical genetic testing. While it is well recognized that hereditary factors contribute to the development of a subset of human cancers, the cause for many cancers remains unknown. The application of next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies has expanded knowledge in the field of hereditary cancer predisposition. Currently, more than 100 cancer predisposing genes have been identified, and it is now estimated that approximately 10% of all cancer patients have an underlying genetic predisposition. The purpose of this protocol is to identify novel cancer predisposing genes and/or genetic variants. For this study, the investigators will establish a Data Registry linked to a Repository of biological samples. Health information, blood samples and occasionally leftover tumor samples will be collected from individuals with familial cancer. The investigators will use NGS approaches to find changes in genes that may be important in the development of familial cancer. The information gained from this study may provide new and better ways to diagnose and care for people with hereditary cancer. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Establish a registry of families with clustering of cancer in which clinical data are linked to a repository of cryopreserved blood cells, germline DNA, and tumor tissues from the proband and other family members. SECONDARY OBJECTIVE: Identify novel cancer predisposing genes and/or genetic variants in families with clustering of cancer for which the underlying genetic basis is unknown.

Start: April 2017
Cascade Genetic Testing for Hereditary Breast/Ovarian Cancer and Lynch Syndrome in Switzerland

Breast, colorectal, ovarian, and endometrial cancers constitute approximately 30% of newly diagnosed cancer cases in Switzerland and affect more than 12,000 individuals annually. Several hundred of these patients are likely to carry known genetic mutations associated with HBOC or LS. Genetic testing for hereditary susceptibility to cancer can prevent many cancer deaths through early identification and engagement in high-risk management care that involves intensive surveillance, chemoprevention and/or prophylactic surgery. However, current rates of genetic testing indicate that many Swiss mutation carriers and their family members do not use cancer genetic services (counseling and/or testing), either due to lack of coordination of care or due to lack of communication about the mutation among family members. Cascade screening identifies and tests family members of a known mutation carrier. It determines whether asymptomatic family members are carriers of the identified mutation and proposes management options to reduce harmful outcomes. Robust evidence of basic science and descriptive population-based studies in Switzerland support the necessity of cascade screening for HBOC and LS. However, translation of this knowledge into public health interventions is lacking. Specific Aims of the CASCADE study are: Survey Index Patients diagnosed with HBOC or LS from clinic-based genetic testing records and determine their cancer status and surveillance practices; needs for coordination of medical care; psychosocial needs; patient-provider and patient-family communication needs; quality of life; willingness to serve as advocates for cancer genetic services for blood relatives. Survey first- and second-degree relatives, and first cousins identified from pedigrees and/or family history records of HBOC and LS Index Patients and determine their cancer and mutation status; cancer surveillance practices; needs for coordination of medical care; barriers and facilitators to using cancer genetic services; psychosocial needs; patient-provider and patient-family communication needs; quality of life; willingness to participate in a study designed to increase use of cancer genetic services. Explore the influence of patient-provider communication about genetic cancer risk on patient-family communication and the acceptability of a family-based communication, coping, and decision support intervention with focus group(s) of mutation carriers and blood relatives.

Start: April 2017