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135 active trials for Leukemia

A Trial of the Safety and Immunogenicity of the COVID-19 Vaccine (mRNA-1273) in Participants With Hematologic Malignancies and Various Regimens of Immunosuppression, and in Participants With Solid Tumors on PD1/PDL1 Inhibitor Therapy

Background: COVID-19 is a viral infection. It has spread rapidly across the globe. It has overwhelmed health systems. Researchers are concerned that it may undo years of progress in the reduction of cancer-specific death. They want to test a vaccine that might protect people with cancer from COVID-19. The COVID-19 Vaccine from Moderna has obtained an emergency use authorization from the FDA. The vaccine has been proven to reduce infections with the virus that causes COVID-19, and it has already been given to millions of people around the world. Objective: To test the safety and efficacy of a vaccine using mRNA-1273 that may protect people with cancer from COVID-19. Eligibility: Adults ages 18 and older who have a solid tumor or blood cancer and who may benefit from a vaccine that might prepare their immune system for fighting and preventing infection from COVID-19. Patients with solid tumors must be receiving treatment with an immunotherapy agent Design: Participants will be screened with a medical history, medicine review, and physical exam. They will have blood tests. They will have a pregnancy test if needed. Participants will get 2 doses of the mRNA-1273 vaccine. It will be injected into a muscle in the arm on Days 1 and 29. Participants will have a follow-up phone call on Day 8 after the first dose. They will be followed for 12 months after the second dose. Participants will have study visits at the Clinical Center on Days 1 and 29 to get the COVID-19 vaccine from Moderna. Patients will then be asked to come back for visits about 1 week and 1 month after the second dose. Patients will need to come back for visits 6 months and 1 year after the second vaccine dose to check to see how long the vaccine offers protection. Some visits will last up to a few hours, but most will be significantly shorter. Participants will give blood and saliva samples for research. Participation will last about 13 months.

Start: April 2021
Human IL-15 (rhIL-15) and Obinutuzumab for Relapsed and Refractory Chronic Lymphocyte Leukemia

Background: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a blood cancer. Recombinant human interleukin 15 (IL-15) is a manmade protein. Obinutuzumab is a protein made to deactivate cancer cells. Researchers want to see if treating people with CLL with both proteins improves their outcomes. Objectives: To find the safe dose of IL-15 with obinutuzumab. To identify its effects, including on the immune system and cancer. Eligibility: Adults at least 18 years old who have certain CLL that standard therapy has failed Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam Evaluation of ability to do daily activities Blood, heart, and urine tests Participants may also be screened with: A small amount of bone marrow removed by needle in the hipbone Scans of the body and/or brain The study will be done in 28-day cycles for up to 6 cycles. Participants will get the study drugs through a catheter and pump. Cycle 1: Participants will stay in the clinic for week 1. They will get: IL-15 as a continuous intravenous infusion over 24 hours on days 1-5 Obinutuzumab as an infusion on 4 days, over about 4 hours. The doses for this will increase. Other cycles: Participants will come to the clinic days 1 5 and get IL-15 as in cycle 1. They will get obinutuzumab on day 4. During the study, participants: Will repeat screening tests Will get standard medicines for side effects May give blood, saliva, and tumor samples for research After treatment, participants will have follow-up visits every 3 months for 1 year, then every 6 months for up to 5 years. After that, participants may be called or emailed.

Start: July 2019
Improving Cognitive Function in Older Adults Undergoing Stem Cell Transplant

Cancer and treatment-related cognitive changes hinder resumption of normal routine and roles and worsen quality of life. Older adults undergoing hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) are at high-risk for cognitive impairment. Physical activity improves cognitive function in older adults and survivors of other cancers. We hypothesize that increasing physical activity can also improve cognitive function in this vulnerable population. The objective of this research is to adapt and test an evidence-based physical activity intervention, The Community Health Activities Model Program for Seniors II (CHAMPS II), in the HCT setting for adults 60 years and older. Aim 1: Adapt the CHAMPS-II manual and develop study materials using feedback from 10 patient/care-partner dyads who have experienced the HCT process within the last 3-6 months and HCT team members via semi-structured interviews. Aim 2: Iteratively adapt and implement CHAMPS-II intervention in three waves (2-4 patient/care-partner dyads per wave). The dyads will participate in a multi-phase, light to moderate-intensity physical activity program through Day 100 post-HCT. Aim 3: Test the preliminary effectiveness of the adapted intervention to improve cognitive function compared to an active control condition (N = 34 per group) in a 2-arm, pilot randomized controlled trial. Primary and secondary outcomes will include subjective and objective cognitive function using a short battery of neuropsychological tests and a self-report questionnaire. Tertiary outcomes comprise subjective and objective measures of physical activity behavior and physical function. The RE-AIM framework will be utilized for formative and process evaluation during the adaptation process and implementation of the intervention.

Start: July 2021