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142 active trials for Glioma

Protein Phosphatase 2A Inhibitor, in Recurrent Glioblastoma

Background: The brain is separated from the rest of the blood stream by the blood-brain barrier. This is like a filter that protects the brain. But is also a challenge when medicines need to get into the brain. Researchers want to give the new drug LB100 to people before brain tumor surgery. They will measure how much LB100 is in the blood and how much gets into the brain. This may help with the use of LB100 to treat brain tumors in the future. Objective: To see if LB100 can pass into the brain. Eligibility: People at least 18 years old with a brain tumor that requires surgery Design: Participants will be screened with: Physical exam Medical history Blood tests Neurosurgery evaluation Scans Heart tests Tumor sample. This can be from a previous procedure. Participants will have their brain surgery at the Clinical Center. Participants will get a dose of the study drug through a plastic tube in a vein for 2 hours during surgery. Participants will have blood taken 7 times in the 8 hours after getting the study drug. Tumor samples will be taken during surgery. Participants will have a heart test after getting the study drug. Sticky pads on the skin will measure electrical activity of the heart. Two-three weeks after leaving the hospital, participants will have a follow-up visit. They will have a physical exam and blood tests. One month after surgery, they will be contacted in person or by phone to see how they are doing.

Bethesda, MarylandStart: January 2019
Nivolumab in Patients With IDH-Mutant Gliomas With and Without Hypermutator Phenotype

Background: Gliomas are the most common malignant brain tumors. Some have certain changes (mutations) in the genes IDH1 or IDH2. If there are a high number of mutations in a tumor, it is called hypermutator phenotype (HMP). The drug nivolumab helps the immune system fight cancer. Researchers think it can be more effective in patients with IDH1 or IDH2 mutated gliomas with HMP. They will test gliomas with and without HMP. Objectives: To see if nivolumab stops tumor growth and prolongs the time that the tumor is controlled. Eligibility: Adults 18 years or older with IDH1 or IDH2 mutated gliomas Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam Heart, blood, and pregnancy tests Review of symptoms and activity levels Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Participants will lie in a cylinder that takes pictures in a strong magnetic field. Tumor samples Participants will get the study drug in 4-week cycles. They will get it through a small plastic tube in a vein (IV) on days 1 and 15 of cycles 1-4. For cycles 5-16, they will get it just on day 1. On days 1 and 15 of each cycle, participants will repeat some or all screening tests. After cycle 16, participants will have 3 follow-up visits over 100 days. They will answer health questions, have physical and neurological exams, and have blood tests. They may have a brain MRI. Participants whose disease did not get worse but who finished the study drug within 1 year of treatment may have imaging studies every 8 weeks for up to 1 year. Participants will be called or emailed every 6 months with questions about their health. ...

Bethesda, MarylandStart: March 2019
SJDAWN: St. Jude Children's Research Hospital Phase 1 Study Evaluating Molecularly-Driven Doublet Therapies for Children and Young Adults With Recurrent Brain Tumors

Approximately 90% of children with malignant brain tumors that have recurred or relapsed after receiving conventional therapy will die of disease. Despite this terrible and frustrating outcome, continued treatment of this population remains fundamental to improving cure rates. Studying this relapsed population will help unearth clues to why conventional therapy fails and how cancers continue to resist modern advances. Moreover, improvements in the treatment of this relapsed population will lead to improvements in upfront therapy and reduce the chance of relapse for all. Novel therapy and, more importantly, novel approaches are sorely needed. This trial proposes a new approach that evaluates rational combination therapies of novel agents based on tumor type and molecular characteristics of these diseases. The investigators hypothesize that the use of two predictably active drugs (a doublet) will increase the chance of clinical efficacy. The purpose of this trial is to perform a limited dose escalation study of multiple doublets to evaluate the safety and tolerability of these combinations followed by a small expansion cohort to detect preliminary efficacy. In addition, a more extensive and robust molecular analysis of all the participant samples will be performed as part of the trial such that we can refine the molecular classification and better inform on potential response to therapy. In this manner the tolerability of combinations can be evaluated on a small but relevant population and the chance of detecting antitumor activity is potentially increased. Furthermore, the goal of the complementary molecular characterization will be to eventually match the therapy with better predictive biomarkers. PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and tolerability and estimate the maximum tolerated dose/recommended phase 2 dose (MTD/RP2D) of combination treatment by stratum. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of combination treatment by stratum. SECONDARY OBJECTIVE: To estimate the rate and duration of objective response and progression free survival (PFS) by stratum.

Memphis, TennesseeStart: March 2018
fMRI Study of Functional Reorganization in Glioma Patients

Glioma is an invasive growth, easy to relapse, poor prognosis, great harm to human and society. Studies have shown that gliomas can cause the dynamic reorganization of brain functional areas, affecting the accuracy of surgical resection and the evaluation of long-term efficacy. While, it is difficult to monitor the functional reorganization of glioma in existing studies. The development trend can not effectively predict the outcome of tumor anaplasia and the compensation of brain function, which restricts the accurate tumor resection. In the early stage of this study, functional connectivity analysis was carried out of gliomas in the motor region and showed that the damage of motor functional connectivity on the opposite side of the lesion occurred earlier than that on the same side, suggesting that there may be some rules of how the disease caused functional reorganization. After stroke, the language and motor function will undergo plasticity, causing the functional areas to slowly repair the damaged function. Contrast to stroke, low-grade glioma grows slower, which gives brain more time to adapt to the damage caused by tumor growth, it may cause more functional reorganization. Professor Hugues Duffau's research showed that it is brain plasticity that can effectively explain patients with low-grade gliomas, even in language and motor areas, did not appear obvious dysfunction. Our previous research found there were significant differences in motor functional connectivity between the two hemispheres of the patients between the plasma tumor group and healthy controls. In addition, in the tumor group, the damage of motor connection on the contralateral side of the lesion occurred before on the ipsilateral side. These results suggest that brain function has been remodeled in patients with brain tumors who have not yet exhibited motor impairment. We presume there may be a certain pattern of brain function reorganization caused by low-grade glioma. This study take patients with brain glioma as the research object and adopt a multi-time point experimental design, combining with cortical electrical stimulation and multimodal magnetic resonance imaging data before and after operation, intending to observe the dynamic changes of language and motor function networks.

Start: September 2021