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13 active trials for GIST

French Long Term Registry With Longitudinal Follow up of PDGFRA D842V-GIST Patients Treated With Avapritinib

GIST are rare mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by somatic mutations in the gene encoding the KIT (85%) or the PDGFRα (8%) protein. Treatment of localized forms relies on adequate surgery without tumor spillage and sometimes systemic treatment with imatinib according to risk of relapse defined by localization, tumor size and mitotic count, as well as mutational status. More than 40% of cases may recur and metastasize. Advanced and relapsing forms are currently treated with oral tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKI) of KIT and PDGFR such as imatinib (standard treatment), sunitinib (2nd line) and regorafenib (3rd line). Nevertheless, imatinib has little or no activity in patients harboring the D842V mutation in the exon 18 of PDGFRα (20% of gastric GIST, 6% of all GIST patients). Consequently, other therapeutic alternatives are needed. Results from the phase I single-arm NAVIGATOR study show that avapritinib has significant efficacy in GIST patients with PDGFRα D842V mutation (ORR = 86 %). In France, an authorization for temporary use (ATUc) starting on September 21st, 2020 has been granted by the National Agency for Safety of Medicines and Health Products (ANSM). It allows the early availability of avapritinib in France while waiting for Market Authorization Approval (AMM). This ATUc will be accompanied by a protocol of therapeutic use and collection of information (PUT) that describes the frequency of patient visits. The objective of this real-life registry is to perform a long-term longitudinal follow up of PDGFRA D842V-mutated GIST patients treated with avapritinib and to collect effectiveness and safety data. It will be implemented in parallel to the ATUc until June 2023. Data from the electronic health record (EHR) will be collected. Moreover, as per the ANSM's requirements, quality of life and cognitive function will be investigated using FACT-G, FACT-Cog and MoCA questionnaires. Undesirable effects will be collected as well. Follow-up is envisioned for a minimum of 2 years.

VillejuifStart: March 2021
Familial Investigations of Childhood Cancer Predisposition

NOTE: This is a research study and is not meant to be a substitute for clinical genetic testing. Families may never receive results from the study or may receive results many years from the time they enroll. If you are interested in clinical testing please consider seeing a local genetic counselor or other genetics professional. If you have already had clinical genetic testing and meet eligibility criteria for this study as shown in the Eligibility Section, you may enroll regardless of the results of your clinical genetic testing. While it is well recognized that hereditary factors contribute to the development of a subset of human cancers, the cause for many cancers remains unknown. The application of next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies has expanded knowledge in the field of hereditary cancer predisposition. Currently, more than 100 cancer predisposing genes have been identified, and it is now estimated that approximately 10% of all cancer patients have an underlying genetic predisposition. The purpose of this protocol is to identify novel cancer predisposing genes and/or genetic variants. For this study, the investigators will establish a Data Registry linked to a Repository of biological samples. Health information, blood samples and occasionally leftover tumor samples will be collected from individuals with familial cancer. The investigators will use NGS approaches to find changes in genes that may be important in the development of familial cancer. The information gained from this study may provide new and better ways to diagnose and care for people with hereditary cancer. PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: Establish a registry of families with clustering of cancer in which clinical data are linked to a repository of cryopreserved blood cells, germline DNA, and tumor tissues from the proband and other family members. SECONDARY OBJECTIVE: Identify novel cancer predisposing genes and/or genetic variants in families with clustering of cancer for which the underlying genetic basis is unknown.

Memphis, TennesseeStart: April 2017
The PIONEER Initiative: Precision Insights On N-of-1 Ex Vivo Effectiveness Research Based on Individual Tumor Ownership (Precision Oncology)

The PIONEER Initiative stands for Precision Insights On N-of-1 Ex vivo Effectiveness Research. The PIONEER Initiative is designed to provide access to functional precision medicine to any cancer patient with any tumor at any medical facility. Tumor tissue is saved at time of biopsy or surgery in multiple formats, including fresh and cryopreserved as a living biospecimen. SpeciCare assists with access to clinical records in order to provide information back to the patient and the patient's clinical care team. The biospecimen tumor tissue is stored in a bio-storage facility and can be shipped anywhere the patient and the clinical team require for further testing. Additionally, the cryopreservation of the biospecimen allows for decisions about testing to be made at a later date. It also facilitates participation in clinical trials. The ability to return research information from this repository back to the patient is the primary end point of the study. The secondary end point is the subjective assessment by the patient and his or her physician as to the potential benefit that this additional information provides over standard of care. Overall the goal of PIONEER is to enable best in class functional precision testing of a patient's tumor tissue to help guide optimal therapy (to date this type of analysis includes organoid drug screening approaches in addition to traditional genomic profiling).

Gainesville, GeorgiaStart: March 2019