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264 active trials for Anesthesia

The "Hypotension Prediction Index" in Patients Undergoing Lung Surgery

The "Hypotension Prediction Index (HPI)" was established by the Edwards Lifescience Company (Irvine, California, USA) and is CE certified. As part of the Edwards Acumen Decision-Support-Software-Suite the HPI is supported by the minimal invasive FloTrac Sensor. The HPI displays the probability of an occurring hypotension. The software was established with the help of 20.000 analyzed patient events. If the upper limit of the HPI is reached, the software is alarming the treating physician 8. At the university hospital of Giessen HPI analyses are used in the daily clinical routine as well as for scientific purposes. Preliminary data of the HPI-I-Trial ("Influence of the Hypotension Prediction Index on the number and duration of intraoperative hypotension in primary hip-endoprothetic replacement", University Hospital of Giessen) included patients, which underwent hip-endoprothetic replacement surgery and revealed that the use of HPI with a goal directed therapy (GDT) protocol compared to standard care significantly reduced the incidence and duration of intraoperative hypotension. Therefore HPI with GDT might reduce the incidence of hypotension related complications in a sicker patient cohort. The aim of the study is to investigate whether a goal directed treatment according to the Hypotension Prediction Index compared to standard care can reduce the incidence of intraoperative hypotension in patients under single lung ventilation.

Gießen, HessenStart: October 2019
The Minimum Effective Concentration of Lidocaine for Ultrasound-guided Axillary Block for Arterio-venous Fistula Creation Surgery

The arteriovenous fistula creation (AVF creation) surgery is essential among patients with end stage renal disease who require hemodialysis. The fistula usually locates at forearm, and is created by connecting artery and vein through surgery. Patients undergone hemodialysis through the fistula six weeks later if fistula becoming mature, which means patent vessel diameter and enough flow for hemodialysis. The primary failure rate of arteriovenous fistula creation is about 20% to 40% according to previous research data. Thrombosis is the most common cause of fistula failure, which require surgical intervention after arteriovenous fistula surgery. Anesthetic technique influences surgical outcome of arteriovenous fistula. General anesthesia, regional anesthesia, and local anesthesia are both wide-used methods. Regional anesthesia with nerve block remains the most popular method for arteriovenous fistula creation. The vessel dilation effect of regional anesthesia helps not only dilatation of artery and vein, but also the fistula itself, and promotes the successful functional dialysis. Various type of nerve block are used as anesthetic method for AVF creation surgery. People requiring hemodialysis usually have multiple underlying disease involving other major organ such as heart, lung, liver, and the endocrine system. They are more vulnerable to systemic intravenous anesthetic medication. The metabolic rate and pharmacodynamics of local anesthetic may also alter due to multiple systemic disease when compared with healthy adults. The optimal concentration of lidocaine for AVF creation when using axillary block has not yet been studied. This research is conducted for dosing response of different concentration of lidocaine when using axillary block for AVF creation surgery. We aim to investigate the optimal low effective concentration, the MEC90, which defined as 90% of patients can tolerate the operation at this concentration.

New Taipei CityStart: September 2021