Changing the Culture of Disrespect and Abuse in Maternity Care in Kumasi, GhanaLast updated on July 2021
- Recruitment Status
- Estimated Enrollment
- Same as current
- Behavior Problem
- Not Applicable
- Allocation: N/AIntervention Model: Single Group AssignmentIntervention Model Description: Training of midwives on 4 respectful maternal care modules.Masking: None (Open Label)Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
- Between 18 years and 48 years
- Only males
There is a growing recognition of disrespectful and abusive care of pregnant women during labor and delivery. Fear of maltreatment during labor and delivery has been identified as one barrier that prevents pregnant women from delivering in a facility.[1-3]. Pregnant Women report lack of sympathy and...
There is a growing recognition of disrespectful and abusive care of pregnant women during labor and delivery. Fear of maltreatment during labor and delivery has been identified as one barrier that prevents pregnant women from delivering in a facility.[1-3]. Pregnant Women report lack of sympathy and empathy, neglect, rudeness and verbally abusive behaviour, physically abusive behavior, lack of temperamental control, inadequate attention, and lack of privacy in skilled health care centres.[3,4] These form barriers to effective use of facilities[3,5,6] for childbirth as pregnant women recount that they receive better health care at home than in health facilities which is the only setting where skilled birth is provided in Ghana. Additionally, facility-based childbirth is known to avert mortality associated with deliveries which are often not detectable during prenatal care.[5,6] Currently, 1500 women die daily in sub-Saharan Africa from complications related to childbirth. [7,8] In the developing world, the life-time hazard of a woman dying from risks associated with pregnancy and child-birth is more than 300 times greater than for a woman living in a developed country; no other mortality rate has this disparity. In Ghana, the current maternal mortality ratio is 380 per 100,000 live births and only 42% of women receive skilled childbirth care. Four Respectful Maternity Care Modules (RMC-M) were developed from data collected during the candidate's dissertation research on disrespect and abuse in intrapartum care at four public hospitals in Ghana and from literature on the state of the science on disrespect and abuse. The content for four evidence-based modules includes topics on: 1) respect and dignity in childbirth; 2) communication; 3) focused antenatal care; and 4) use of alternative birthing positions for delivery. The modules use interactive teaching and learning methods such as role play, discussion, brain-storming, demonstration, and case study to discover acceptable practices, skills, and attitudes for respectful care provision. The intervention has the potential to improve pregnant women's experience of facility-based childbirth, therefore increasing satisfaction and decreasing home delivery. The RMC-M is proposed for midwives working in prenatal, intrapartum and postnatal facility-based childbirth units. Despite the proposed strengths of the RMC-M as a tool to improve perceptions of maternity care with facility-based childbirth, the fidelity and uptake of the intervention have not been tested. The purpose of this study is to test an intervention to promote respectful facility-based maternity care that can be delivered by midwives in Ghana in a public hospital setting through the following specific aims: Specific Aim #1: Examine the feasibility of implementing respectful maternity care modules in Kumasi, Ghana. The investigators will assign 10 professional midwives to receive training on Respectful Maternity Care Modules (RMC-M). During the training, we will use qualitative and quantitative analytic techniques to examine the feasibility of implementing the RMC-M in Ghana focused on: 1) reliability of implementation, 2) usefulness, and 3) patient responsiveness. Based on data collected, feasibility will be examined and the RMC-M will be further modified as needed prior to beginning Aim 2. Specific Aim #2: Examine whether exposure to RMC-M increases Ghanaian women's perception of respectful maternity care in a public hospital setting in Ghana. In order to meet aim #2, a two-group comparison design will be used with one group of pregnant women (n=62) receiving care from midwives trained in the RMC-M and the other group of pregnant women (n=62) receiving care from midwives who received a four module program in basic emergency obstetric and newborn care (BEmONC). Ten additional midwives will be trained in BEmONC prior to data collection. Data will be collected from postpartum women on their perception of intrapartum care. It is hypothesized that postpartum women who receive care from midwives trained in the RMC-M interventions will score higher on a RMC scale than those women in the comparison group. Specific Aim #3: Examine the efficacy of RMC-M in changing midwives' attitudes, behaviors, and clinical practice patterns. Using a pre-post study design to examine whether exposure to the RMC-M changes midwives' attitudes, behaviors, and clinical practice in the care of women during labor and delivery. The investigators will survey midwives prior to implementing training on the RMC-M and following completion of aim #2. It is hypothesized that midwives trained in the RMC-M interventions will have a significant change in attitudes, behaviors, and clinical practice than those midwives in the comparison group.
- NCT #
- University of Michigan
- Study Director: Peter Donkor Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology Study Director: Jody Lori, PhD University of Michigan