Recruitment

Recruitment Status
Recruiting
Estimated Enrollment
Same as current

Summary

Conditions
Aging
Type
Interventional
Phase
Phase 4
Design
Allocation: N/AIntervention Model: Crossover AssignmentIntervention Model Description: Two groups of subjects (young, older) participate in twelve experiments; experimental conditions consist of six different combinations of temperature and humidity and are performed at two different exercise intensities. The experiments are conducted in randomized order and are separated by a minimum of three days. A subgroup of older adults will be asked to complete all trials after taking daily low-dose aspirin for seven days, and aspirin will be continued until all trials are complete.Masking: None (Open Label)Primary Purpose: Basic Science

Participation Requirements

Age
Between 18 years and 85 years
Gender
Both males and females

Description

The earth's climate is warming well above historical averages, and there is an increased frequency, duration, and severity of heat waves. At the same time, the world's population is rapidly aging. Aging is associated with reductions in thermoregulatory capacity due to reductions in sweating and skin...

The earth's climate is warming well above historical averages, and there is an increased frequency, duration, and severity of heat waves. At the same time, the world's population is rapidly aging. Aging is associated with reductions in thermoregulatory capacity due to reductions in sweating and skin blood flow. For this reason, people ?65 years exhibit exponentially larger increases in morbidity and mortality during heat waves than younger individuals, with the large majority of excess deaths during heat waves occurring in the elderly. Compounding the physiological effects of primary aging, co-morbidities and common classes of drugs taken by older adults can further compromise their thermoregulatory function. One such class of medications is cyclooxygenase inhibitors, including aspirin (ASA) and other platelet inhibitors. Provocative data published by our lab indicate that platelet inhibitors including ASA increase the rate of heat storage during passive heat stress by ~25%. Following current clinical guidelines, nearly 40% of US adults over the age of 50 engage in an aspirin therapy regiment for the primary or secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Although there is compelling evidence that aging is associated with decreased heat dissipation and elevated risk of heat illness in hot ambient conditions, the significant question remains: In what specific environments does this age disparity begin to occur? The goal of the current study is to identify and model ambient conditions that are unsafe for older adults. A second aim of the study is to determine the effects of the commonly used platelet inhibitor, acetylsalicylic acid (ASA), on age-specific critical environmental limits.

Tracking Information

NCT #
NCT04284397
Collaborators
Not Provided
Investigators
Principal Investigator: W. Larry Kenney, Ph.D. The Pennsylvania State University