A Retrospective Cohort Study: The Influence of MTHFR C677T and A1298C on the High-dose Methotrexate-Related Toxicities in Pediatric Patients With Non-Hodgkin LymphomaLast updated on July 2021
- Recruitment Status
- Pediatric NHL
- Observational Model: CohortTime Perspective: Retrospective
- Younger than 18 years
- Both males and females
INTRODUCTION: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), the fourth most common malignancy across the pediatric age spectrum, is a heterogeneous group of lymphoid malignancies. In children, NHL comprises four main wide categories: lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL), Burkitt lymphoma (BL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (...
INTRODUCTION: Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), the fourth most common malignancy across the pediatric age spectrum, is a heterogeneous group of lymphoid malignancies. In children, NHL comprises four main wide categories: lymphoblastic lymphoma (LBL), Burkitt lymphoma (BL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). The current overall survival rate of pediatric NHL exceeds 80% due to dramatic progress in developing risk-adapted curative therapy (1), in which methotrexate (MTX) plays a crucial part. MTX is used to treat a variety of cancers. A high-dose MTX (HD-MTX) regimen, referred to the administration of a dosage ranging from 0.5g/m2 to 12.0g/m2 or even higher, is commonly used to treat childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), lymphoma and pediatric osteosarcoma. Despite its wide range of therapeutic efficacy, the toxicities of HD-MTX including reversible myelosuppression, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, hepatotoxicity, nephrotoxicity, neurotoxicity, and particularly oral mucositis should not be neglected. Accumulating pharmacogenetic studies have revealed that polymorphisms of enzymes involved in folate pathway could lead to variability in response to MTX and HD-MTX-related toxicities in various malignancies. The most two extensively studied SNPs of MTHFR in relation to the toxicities of MTX are the C677T variant (Ala222Val, rs1801133) and A1298C variant (Glu 429Ala, rs1801131), both dampening the enzyme activity by 40-70%. However, limited evidence is available in pediatric NHL, with results varying considerably in different studies. Therefore, the aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the influence of C677T and A1298C polymorphisms on HD-MTX-related toxicities in children with NHL treated according to BFM-modified protocols. PATIENTS & METHODS?We reviewed the medical records of all pediatric patients who were diagnosed as NHL and received HD-MTX-based chemotherapy at the dose of 5g/m2 in Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between March 2014 and March 2019. Data were analyzed by chi-square test.
- NCT #
- Not Provided
- Not Provided