Intensive Intraperitoneal Therapy in Advanced Ovarian CancerLast updated on July 2021
- Recruitment Status
- Estimated Enrollment
- Same as current
- Intraperitoneal Chemotherapy
- Ovarian Cancer
- Phase 2
- Allocation: N/AIntervention Model: Single Group AssignmentMasking: None (Open Label)Primary Purpose: Treatment
- Between 18 years and 75 years
- Only males
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the main cause of gynecological cancer death in developed countries, reflecting a clinical diagnosis possible at an advanced-stage of the disease and an early propensity for peritoneal dissemination. The treatment of these advanced stages combines optimal cytoreduc...
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the main cause of gynecological cancer death in developed countries, reflecting a clinical diagnosis possible at an advanced-stage of the disease and an early propensity for peritoneal dissemination. The treatment of these advanced stages combines optimal cytoreductive surgery and a platinum and taxan-based systemic chemotherapy. Despite a very high initial chemosensitivity and frequent clinical complete responses, the majority of patients relapses after a mean period of 18 months and progressively develops resistance to the various chemotherapeutic treatments. Nevertheless, recurrences remain frequently located in the peritoneal cavity. Intraperitoneal administration of chemotherapeutic agents (intraperitoneal chemotherapy, IPC) is adapted to OC natural history. IPC has shown its clinical efficacy compared with intravenous (IV) chemotherapy in three randomized clinical trials. Recently, an unexpected median overall survival of 110 months was reported after complete surgery followed with IPC. Nevertheless, IPC repetitions are still strongly limited due to the high local toxicities and the difficult access to the peritoneal cavity leading to an important morbidity of the IP catheters. In the GOG-172 trial, half of the patients of the IPC arm did not receive the complete planned IP treatment. Long-term results of both the GOG-172 and GOG-114 trials showed that treatment efficacy is correlated with the numbers of IPC courses administered and with a significant long-term effect for patients receiving 3 or more IPC courses. For patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy and optimal debulking surgery, the OV21 study recently showed that IP carboplatin-based chemotherapy was well tolerated and associated with an improved disease-free survival rate at 9 months after surgery compared with that of the IV chemotherapy group. At the same time, complete cytoreductive surgery associated with perioperative hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (i.e. HIPEC) is the second promising IP treatment that is currently evaluated in advanced OC. HIPEC allows an early IP treatment enhanced by hyperthermia while limiting the diffusion problem of the IP drugs and the difficult access to the peritoneal cavity. Nevertheless, despite this promising concept, HIPEC with a unique and limited IP cisplatin dose remains discussed in the management of OC. A phase 3 trial (OVHIPEC study), recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine, emphasized the therapeutic interest of a cisplatin-based HIPEC procedure at the time of interval surgery for patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy. A significant improvement of overall survival (12 months gain: OS 33.9 months vs 45.7 months for IDS with HIPEC HR = 0.67 (0,48-0,94) p=0,02) was demonstrated for patients receiving HIPEC with a favorable tolerance profile and no additional morbidity. Clinicians postulate that it may be interesting to combine the two IP treatments associated with a significant improvement of OC overall survival i.e. cytoreductive surgery with HIPEC and postoperative IPC as an " intensive peritoneal " regimen in the initial management of stages III-IVA ovarian cancers. Performing a postoperative IPC may allow completing and extending the duration of the effect of HIPEC in decreasing the risk of peritoneal recurrence. HIPEC may also allow administering an early IP treatment on the residual microscopic disease during initial or interval surgery with an optimal access to the intraperitoneal cavity. Postoperative IPC will extend the HIPEC effect on unsterilized peritoneal microscopic residues with the aim of decreasing the risk of local recurrence. Performing HIPEC before IPC could allow limiting the number of postoperative IP courses needed. Nevertheless, this association questions its feasibility and tolerance, which should both be assessed in a phase II trial. Clinicians propose to conduct this feasibility study combining for the first time HIPEC with IPC as first-line treatment of ovarian cancer with peritoneal carcinomatosis to perform a peritoneal intensification. Design: After written informed consent, patients presenting with suspected advanced OC will undergo an exploratory laparoscopy with biopsies and evaluation of the disease extent (Sugarbaker PCI score). Only patients with histologically-proven high-grade serous OC with extended disease (stages III B-C and IV-A with minimal pleural effusion (FIGO 2014) will be included in the study. Patients with stage IV-A cancer with major pleural effusion and stage IV-B patients will be excluded. Patients with extended peritoneal carcinomatosis considered unresectable at exploratory laparoscopy will undergo classical 3-4 courses neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval surgery and will be selected to participate to the INTENSIP study. During interval surgery, patients who will have undergone complete surgery (no macroscopic residue) and who gave their written consent will be included and will undergo HIPEC (Cisplatin 100mg/m2, 1h 30 infusions with sodium thiosulfate renal protection). They will then receive postoperative IPC i.e intravenous and intraperitoneal administration (IV Paclitaxel, 135mg/m2 on D1, IP Carboplatin, AUC 6 on D1, and IP Paclitaxel, 60mg/m2 on D8) with at least 3 courses performed (up to 4-6 allowed, depending on the classical therapeutic strategy of each participating center). In case of toxicity or inability to administer the treatment in an IP manner, it will be given intravenously.
- NCT #
- Direction Générale de l'Offre de Soins
- Study Chair: Philippe ROUANET, MD Institut Régional du Cancer de Montpellier (ICM)