Recruitment Status
Estimated Enrollment


Not Applicable
Allocation: RandomizedIntervention Model: Crossover AssignmentMasking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)Primary Purpose: Treatment

Participation Requirements

Between 12 years and 29 years
Both males and females


Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by recurrent episodes of reversible airway obstruction. The drug treatment typically includes inhaled steroids and bronco dilators. These acute episodes of bronchoconstriction can, for the most part, attend with hyperinflation, the hyperinflatio...

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by recurrent episodes of reversible airway obstruction. The drug treatment typically includes inhaled steroids and bronco dilators. These acute episodes of bronchoconstriction can, for the most part, attend with hyperinflation, the hyperinflation and the consequent increase of functional residual capacity (FRC) inspiratory muscle activation in phase before the expiratory lung elastic equilibrium and rib cage. Some studies reports the injury to respiratory function that causes acute hyperinflation with a reduction of the contribution of the abdominal compartment and increased assistance from the chest compartment, thereby reducing the efficiency mechanics of the diaphragm in response to decreased your stamping area. As a result of this disadvantage and mechanics "reduction of curvature" of the diaphragm expiratory muscle activation occurs in an attempt to restore the original mechanics and thus your primary function. Some studies have investigated the effects of bronchoconstriction in recruitment of the respiratory muscles and respiratory mechanics of patients susceptible to asthma. As asthma has distinct characteristics in crisis and in stable phase, testing of bronchial provocation test have been part of the studies allowing assessment in different physiological conditions, close to an acute condition without necessarily a crisis and insufficiency that would make it really an assessment respiratory kinematics and the involvement of the thoracic and abdominal compartments in each of these phases and mainly in front of any therapy. Bronchial provocation tests are safe once they cause the release of endogenous mediators that cause the bronchial smooth muscle contraction causing narrowing of the airway, but as your sensitivity is reduced your action is completely reversed with use of bronchodilator and the positive response to these tests that can be performed by exercise or inhaling hypertonic solution 4.5% reflect a inflammation of the Airways. The interest in the implementation of non-pharmacological therapies and especially the knowledge of resources used often to relieve the overload of respiratory muscles in patients with obstructive, since the Decade of 80, has been demonstrating that the use of expiratory positive pressure can reduce muscle work and reduce the volume of expiratory reserve contributing to deflation. Most recently the bronchodilator effect of CPAP mediated by autonomic receptors stretch lung. What we need to know is the effect of non-invasive ventilation with two levels of pressure can in addition to trigger this neural reflex, can still promote a kinematics similar to produced by bronchodilator seen through optoelectronics plethysmography (OEP). The Optoelectronics Plethysmography (OEP) has made possible the exploitation of Thoracoabdominal movement by magazines, reporting especially changes in total volume of the chest wall during any intervention as the NIV. The OEP is an innovative method of indirect measurement of pulmonary ventilation, and your application can be used in different health conditions, like asthma and neuromuscular diseases, with different protocols. Is a non-invasive method and measurement of non-ionizing lung volumes, able to detect small movements of the chest wall during breathing through the analysis of reflective markers attached to the chest wall of the individual; There is no need to use mouthpiece, nasal clip or other connector of the equipment to the individual; the calibration is fast and without the participation of the subject. Since the NIV with bi-level pressure promotes a level of inspiratory pressure that increases the expiratory ventilation and a stretch of lung receptors stimulates and bronchodilator effect, the hypothesis of this study is that the thoracic and abdominal configuration and improvement of pulmonary function after test of bronchial provocation test is considerable with the NIV compared to bronchodilator. There are no studies in the literature that discuss this subject under this optics of assessment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of the NIV in reversal of bronchial provocation test and your potential bronchodilator effect compared to the gold standard bronchodilator drug seen by thoracic and abdominal and lung function configuration. 2. General Purpose To evaluate the responses of the thoracoabdominal configuration and the participation of the thoracic and abdominal compartments in asthmatic patients before the bronchoprovocation test and in response to pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapy. 2.1. Specific objectives To evaluate the abdominal thoracic configuration of adolescents and young adults with stable asthma before and after bronchoprovocation To evaluate the effect of bronchodilator and NIV in the thoraco-abdominal configuration 3. Materials and Methods 3.1. Kind of study This is a randomized, crossover clinical trial in which it will be performed in two visits and evaluated the abdominal thoracic configuration before and after bronchoprovocation and after bronchodilator and non-invasive ventilation (NIV) with two levels of pressure in adolescents and young adults with asthma. 3.2. Ethical aspects This study will be developed respecting the research standards involving human beings (Resolution CNS 466/2012) of the National Health Council, was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the University Nove de Julho (2.130.007 / 2017). You will have your registration done at 3.3. Place of study and sample The study will be developed in the Multidisciplinary Laboratory of Movement, Optical Electronic Plethysmography (OEP) and in the Functional Respiratory Evaluation Laboratory located at the Latin American Memorial Campus of the University of Nove de Julho (UNINOVE), at Francisco Matarazzo Avenue, 376, Barra Funda , Sao Paulo-SP.

Tracking Information

Not Provided
Study Chair: Dirceu Costa, Doctor Nove de Julho University