Recruitment

Recruitment Status
Completed

Inclusion Criteria

Presence of motor and/or vocal tics for at least one year
English fluency
Presence of motor and/or vocal tics for at least one year
English fluency

Exclusion Criteria

Substance abuse or dependence within the past year
Participants with medical conditions that are contraindicated for TMS (history of any known intracranial pathology, epilepsy or seizures, traumatic brain injury, brain tumor, stroke, implanted medical devices, current pregnancy or girls of childbearing age not using effective contraception, or any other serious medical conditions
Inability to undergo MRI
...
Substance abuse or dependence within the past year
Participants with medical conditions that are contraindicated for TMS (history of any known intracranial pathology, epilepsy or seizures, traumatic brain injury, brain tumor, stroke, implanted medical devices, current pregnancy or girls of childbearing age not using effective contraception, or any other serious medical conditions
Inability to undergo MRI
Current suicidal intent
Left-handedness
History of ≥3 sessions of Habit Reversal Therapy or other treatment primarily comprised of tic suppression strategies
Previous diagnosis of psychosis, autism spectrum disorder, mental retardation, or cognitive disability
Current neuroleptic medications, as these medications are known to lower seizure threshold

Summary

Conditions
  • Chronic Motor Tic Disorder
  • Chronic Vocal Tic Disorder
  • Tourette's Syndrome
Type
Observational
Design
  • Observational Model: Case-Only
  • Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional

Participation Requirements

Age
Between 12 years and 18 years
Gender
Both males and females

Description

Objectives: This study will recruit youth with chronic tics. Chronic tics are the most common movement disorder in children. The goal of the study is to learn how the brain and environment influence children's ability to suppress tics. Specifically, we want to learn how tics are influenced by a cert...

Objectives: This study will recruit youth with chronic tics. Chronic tics are the most common movement disorder in children. The goal of the study is to learn how the brain and environment influence children's ability to suppress tics. Specifically, we want to learn how tics are influenced by a certain part of the brain called the supplementary motor area (SMA). This part of the brain is thought to be more active in people with tics. This will be the first study to look at the relationship between SMA, tic suppression, and urges to tic. Research Procedures: The study will take place over the course of three days within a week (about 5 hours total). The study will examine the relationship between the SMA and tic suppression using a non-invasive medical technology called Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS). Participants will have a diagnostic interview, MRI brain scan (used to find the location of the SMA), and TMS. Participants will be asked to try to suppress tics before and after TMS. The information that will be collected from participation includes information about tic symptoms, emotional and behavioral functioning, and brain activity (from MRI brain images and TMS results).

Inclusion Criteria

Presence of motor and/or vocal tics for at least one year
English fluency
Presence of motor and/or vocal tics for at least one year
English fluency

Exclusion Criteria

Substance abuse or dependence within the past year
Participants with medical conditions that are contraindicated for TMS (history of any known intracranial pathology, epilepsy or seizures, traumatic brain injury, brain tumor, stroke, implanted medical devices, current pregnancy or girls of childbearing age not using effective contraception, or any other serious medical conditions
Inability to undergo MRI
...
Substance abuse or dependence within the past year
Participants with medical conditions that are contraindicated for TMS (history of any known intracranial pathology, epilepsy or seizures, traumatic brain injury, brain tumor, stroke, implanted medical devices, current pregnancy or girls of childbearing age not using effective contraception, or any other serious medical conditions
Inability to undergo MRI
Current suicidal intent
Left-handedness
History of ≥3 sessions of Habit Reversal Therapy or other treatment primarily comprised of tic suppression strategies
Previous diagnosis of psychosis, autism spectrum disorder, mental retardation, or cognitive disability
Current neuroleptic medications, as these medications are known to lower seizure threshold

Tracking Information

NCT #
NCT02205918
Collaborators
Not Provided
Investigators
  • Principal Investigator: Christine Conelea, PhD University of Minnesota
  • Christine Conelea, PhD University of Minnesota