Recruitment

Recruitment Status
Terminated
Estimated Enrollment
40

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must be candidates for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and planning to undergo SRS
Patients must be candidates for ipilimumab as determined by the treating physician
Patients must be neurologically asymptomatic, or very minimally symptomatic, as judged by the treating physicians
...
Patients must be candidates for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and planning to undergo SRS
Patients must be candidates for ipilimumab as determined by the treating physician
Patients must be neurologically asymptomatic, or very minimally symptomatic, as judged by the treating physicians
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent
Women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception, defined as complete abstinence from intercourse with men or two methods
Patients with a histologically-confirmed diagnosis of melanoma who have imaging findings suggestive of 1 to 4 brain metastases
Adequate organ and marrow function: alanine aminotransferase (ALT ) < 2.5x's upper limit of normal (ULN) of the institutional normal reference range, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 2.5x's ULN of the institutional normal reference range, Bilirubin < 1.5x's ULN of the institutional normal reference range, Creatinine < 2.0 milligrams per deciliter, Platelets > 50,000 per microliter
At least one lesion in the brain that is measurable, which is defined as ≥5 x 5mm (Prior craniotomy and surgical resection is allowed, as long as there is at least one remaining measurable lesion in the brain)
Age > or = 18 years old
Performance status of ECOG of 0 or 1 (ECOG is the Eastern Oncology Cooperative Group Scoring system used to quantify cancer patients' general well-being and activities of daily life; scores range from 0 to 5 where 0 is perfect health and 5 is death)
At least 3 weeks has elapsed from any prior therapy, and the patient has recovered from side effects to ≤ grade 1 toxicities per Common Terminology Criteria (CTC) for Adverse Events

Exclusion Criteria

Neurologic symptoms or imaging findings that necessitate the use of steroids on the day of enrollment or in the prior 7 days
Women who are pregnant or are nursing
Patients unable to undergo or tolerate MRI scans (presence of cardiac pacemaker, implanted cardiac defibrillator, aneurysm clips, history of allergic reaction/hypersensitivity to gadolinium)
...
Neurologic symptoms or imaging findings that necessitate the use of steroids on the day of enrollment or in the prior 7 days
Women who are pregnant or are nursing
Patients unable to undergo or tolerate MRI scans (presence of cardiac pacemaker, implanted cardiac defibrillator, aneurysm clips, history of allergic reaction/hypersensitivity to gadolinium)
Patients who have previously received ipilimumab, PD-1 inhibitors or PD-L1 inhibitors are excluded due to the potential of effects on primary outcome
Patients with absolute lymphocyte count of <500 cells/microliter, who are known to be HIV positive, who have clinically significant active autoimmune disease, or are receiving immunosuppression following solid organ or stem cell transplant
Patients who require WBRT or surgery at the time of enrollment
Previous radiotherapy to the lesion(s) of interest, including prior treatment with whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT). Prior treatment with SRS is allowed if the index lesion(s) is in a different, non-contiguous location than the previously treated lesion.
Concurrent treatment with any other anti-neoplastic drug or concurrent participation in another therapeutic clinical trial
Highly suspicious magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or cerebrospinal fluid evidence of leptomeningeal metastases, unless all measurable disease is localized and SRS is considered the treatment of choice

Summary

Conditions
  • Brain Metastases
  • Metastatic Melanoma
Type
Interventional
Phase
Phase 2
Design
  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
  • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Primary Purpose: Treatment

Participation Requirements

Age
Between 18 years and 125 years
Gender
Both males and females

Description

This is a randomized Phase II selection study investigating the use of ipilimumab induction prior to stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), versus no induction, for melanoma brain metastases. Participants will be randomized to Arm A "Induction" (two doses of ipilimumab prior to SRS, two doses of ipilimuma...

This is a randomized Phase II selection study investigating the use of ipilimumab induction prior to stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), versus no induction, for melanoma brain metastases. Participants will be randomized to Arm A "Induction" (two doses of ipilimumab prior to SRS, two doses of ipilimumab after SRS) versus Arm B "No induction" (SRS first, followed by 4 doses of ipilimumab). Participants will undergo multiple dynamic contrast-enhanced MRIs of the brain and submit blood samples for immune testing.

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must be candidates for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and planning to undergo SRS
Patients must be candidates for ipilimumab as determined by the treating physician
Patients must be neurologically asymptomatic, or very minimally symptomatic, as judged by the treating physicians
...
Patients must be candidates for stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and planning to undergo SRS
Patients must be candidates for ipilimumab as determined by the treating physician
Patients must be neurologically asymptomatic, or very minimally symptomatic, as judged by the treating physicians
Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent
Women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception, defined as complete abstinence from intercourse with men or two methods
Patients with a histologically-confirmed diagnosis of melanoma who have imaging findings suggestive of 1 to 4 brain metastases
Adequate organ and marrow function: alanine aminotransferase (ALT ) < 2.5x's upper limit of normal (ULN) of the institutional normal reference range, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 2.5x's ULN of the institutional normal reference range, Bilirubin < 1.5x's ULN of the institutional normal reference range, Creatinine < 2.0 milligrams per deciliter, Platelets > 50,000 per microliter
At least one lesion in the brain that is measurable, which is defined as ≥5 x 5mm (Prior craniotomy and surgical resection is allowed, as long as there is at least one remaining measurable lesion in the brain)
Age > or = 18 years old
Performance status of ECOG of 0 or 1 (ECOG is the Eastern Oncology Cooperative Group Scoring system used to quantify cancer patients' general well-being and activities of daily life; scores range from 0 to 5 where 0 is perfect health and 5 is death)
At least 3 weeks has elapsed from any prior therapy, and the patient has recovered from side effects to ≤ grade 1 toxicities per Common Terminology Criteria (CTC) for Adverse Events

Exclusion Criteria

Neurologic symptoms or imaging findings that necessitate the use of steroids on the day of enrollment or in the prior 7 days
Women who are pregnant or are nursing
Patients unable to undergo or tolerate MRI scans (presence of cardiac pacemaker, implanted cardiac defibrillator, aneurysm clips, history of allergic reaction/hypersensitivity to gadolinium)
...
Neurologic symptoms or imaging findings that necessitate the use of steroids on the day of enrollment or in the prior 7 days
Women who are pregnant or are nursing
Patients unable to undergo or tolerate MRI scans (presence of cardiac pacemaker, implanted cardiac defibrillator, aneurysm clips, history of allergic reaction/hypersensitivity to gadolinium)
Patients who have previously received ipilimumab, PD-1 inhibitors or PD-L1 inhibitors are excluded due to the potential of effects on primary outcome
Patients with absolute lymphocyte count of <500 cells/microliter, who are known to be HIV positive, who have clinically significant active autoimmune disease, or are receiving immunosuppression following solid organ or stem cell transplant
Patients who require WBRT or surgery at the time of enrollment
Previous radiotherapy to the lesion(s) of interest, including prior treatment with whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT). Prior treatment with SRS is allowed if the index lesion(s) is in a different, non-contiguous location than the previously treated lesion.
Concurrent treatment with any other anti-neoplastic drug or concurrent participation in another therapeutic clinical trial
Highly suspicious magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or cerebrospinal fluid evidence of leptomeningeal metastases, unless all measurable disease is localized and SRS is considered the treatment of choice

Locations

Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109
Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109

Tracking Information

NCT #
NCT02097732
Collaborators
Not Provided
Investigators
  • Principal Investigator: Christopher Lao, M.D. University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center
  • Christopher Lao, M.D. University of Michigan Rogel Cancer Center