Recruitment

Recruitment Status
Completed
Estimated Enrollment
360

Inclusion Criterias

must be 15-19 years old
have used at least one form of physical or sexual aggression against a dating or sexual partner in the past three months
must be a patient of the Pediatric Emergency Department or adolescent outpatient center at the Boston University Medical Center
...
must be 15-19 years old
have used at least one form of physical or sexual aggression against a dating or sexual partner in the past three months
must be a patient of the Pediatric Emergency Department or adolescent outpatient center at the Boston University Medical Center
English-speaking

Exclusion Criterias

patient has cognitive or psychiatric limitations that render him/her unable to complete the eligibility form independently
currently attending a batterer intervention program
appears intoxicated or high on drugs at the time of eligibility screening, or has informed medical staff that they are
...
patient has cognitive or psychiatric limitations that render him/her unable to complete the eligibility form independently
currently attending a batterer intervention program
appears intoxicated or high on drugs at the time of eligibility screening, or has informed medical staff that they are
patient is determined to be a potentially lethal dating abuse offender based on a lethality checklist
patient's reason for visit to the healthcare center is an acute mental health problem
receiving care for violent trauma victimization
patient is a prisoner or juvenile detainee

Summary

Conditions
  • Dating Violence Perpetration and Victimization
  • Offensive Aggression
  • Sexual Aggression
Type
Interventional
Design
  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
  • Intervention Model Description: This is a brief motivational interview-style intervention. Adolescents ages 15-19 years old who visit the emergency department and screen positive for physical or sexual dating abuse perpetration participate in a ~45 minute brief intervention and receive up to three booster calls in the subsequent 6 weeks.Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Primary Purpose: Prevention

Participation Requirements

Age
Between 15 years and 19 years
Gender
Both males and females

Description

Emergency departments offer a unique setting through which we can reach adolescents who have perpetrated Adolescent Dating Aggression (ADA). The Project READY (Reducing Aggression in Dating Relationships for Youth) brief intervention manual and training was developed by Dr. Emily Rothman, who is a f...

Emergency departments offer a unique setting through which we can reach adolescents who have perpetrated Adolescent Dating Aggression (ADA). The Project READY (Reducing Aggression in Dating Relationships for Youth) brief intervention manual and training was developed by Dr. Emily Rothman, who is a former shelter worker, batterer intervention counselor, and dating violence expert, with input from research experts in brief intervention, an expert in adolescent batterer intervention, psychologists, low-income youth of color from the Start Strong Initiative, and others, with funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The READY intervention intercepts youth who utilize an urban emergency department for non-acute health care needs (e.g., cuts, sprains), provides them with tailored feedback about their relationship behavior, and uses motivational interviewing techniques and prepared worksheets to move them forward on a readiness-to-change continuum towards non-violent and respectful relationship behavior. For example, after being provided with information about acts considered unhealthy in a relationship, a participant is asked to generate a list of "pros and cons" about what he or she does to solve conflicts with partners, brainstorm alternatives that he or she would use, list reasons why the alternatives might not work in the moment, and troubleshoot those potential problems. Participants are then offered a menu of referrals and invited to select those that they would use (e.g., free mental health and substance abuse counseling, sexual health testing, gang prevention resources). The randomized controlled trial (RCT) research study will build upon our completed small-scale feasibility pilot project, which was conducted in 2012- 13. For the proposed study, we will recruit a sample large enough to evaluate whether the intervention improves ADA-related knowledge, positively changes ADA-related attitudes and behavioral intentions, and reduces self-reported perpetration behavior after 3- and 6-month follow-up periods. The study will enroll youth ages 15-19 years old. Notably, the setting for this intervention test will be an urban pediatric emergency department that primarily serves low income youth.

Inclusion Criterias

must be 15-19 years old
have used at least one form of physical or sexual aggression against a dating or sexual partner in the past three months
must be a patient of the Pediatric Emergency Department or adolescent outpatient center at the Boston University Medical Center
...
must be 15-19 years old
have used at least one form of physical or sexual aggression against a dating or sexual partner in the past three months
must be a patient of the Pediatric Emergency Department or adolescent outpatient center at the Boston University Medical Center
English-speaking

Exclusion Criterias

patient has cognitive or psychiatric limitations that render him/her unable to complete the eligibility form independently
currently attending a batterer intervention program
appears intoxicated or high on drugs at the time of eligibility screening, or has informed medical staff that they are
...
patient has cognitive or psychiatric limitations that render him/her unable to complete the eligibility form independently
currently attending a batterer intervention program
appears intoxicated or high on drugs at the time of eligibility screening, or has informed medical staff that they are
patient is determined to be a potentially lethal dating abuse offender based on a lethality checklist
patient's reason for visit to the healthcare center is an acute mental health problem
receiving care for violent trauma victimization
patient is a prisoner or juvenile detainee

Locations

Boston, Massachusetts, 02118
Boston, Massachusetts, 02118

Tracking Information

NCT #
NCT02080923
Collaborators
U.S. Department of Justice
Investigators
  • Principal Investigator: Emily F Rothman, MS, ScD Boston University
  • Emily F Rothman, MS, ScD Boston University