Recruitment

Recruitment Status
Completed
Estimated Enrollment
90

Inclusion Criterias

Preoperative aided sentence score in quiet greater than or equal to 40% correct but less than or equal to 60% correct in the best aided condition on recorded AzBio sentences.
Sixty-five years of age or older at the time of the study and CMS-eligible as primary source of medical insurance coverage.
English spoken as the primary language.
...
Preoperative aided sentence score in quiet greater than or equal to 40% correct but less than or equal to 60% correct in the best aided condition on recorded AzBio sentences.
Sixty-five years of age or older at the time of the study and CMS-eligible as primary source of medical insurance coverage.
English spoken as the primary language.
Bilateral moderate to profound hearing loss in the low frequencies (up to 1000 Hz) and profound sensorineural hearing loss in the high frequencies (3000 Hz and above).

Exclusion Criterias

Preoperative aided sentence score less than 40% or greater than 60% correct in the best aided condition on AzBio sentences in quiet
Congenital hearing loss (for the purpose of this study, onset pror to 2 years-of-age).
Ossification, absence of cochlear development or any other cochlear anomaly that might prevent complete insertion of the electrode array.
...
Preoperative aided sentence score less than 40% or greater than 60% correct in the best aided condition on AzBio sentences in quiet
Congenital hearing loss (for the purpose of this study, onset pror to 2 years-of-age).
Ossification, absence of cochlear development or any other cochlear anomaly that might prevent complete insertion of the electrode array.
The audiologist and/or surgeon will review the study protocol with the patient prior to having him/her sign the consent form. If the patient indicates he/she is unwilling or unable to comply with all investigational requirements, he/she will not be enrolled in the study.
Active middle-ear infection.
Hearing loss of neural or central origin (e.g., deafness due to lesions on the acoustic nerve or central auditory pathway).
Using best clinical judgment based on professional interaction with the patient and his/her family, the managing audiologist and surgeon will determine if there are any disabling cognitive limitations that would prevent the patient from providing reliable data for this study.

Summary

Conditions
Bilateral Sensorineural Hearing Loss
Type
Observational
Design
  • Observational Model: Case-Control
  • Time Perspective: Prospective

Participation Requirements

Age
Between 65 years and 125 years
Gender
Both males and females

Description

Informed Consent will be obtained prior to enrollment in the study, and will include an interview to discuss study expectations, potential risks and benefits and the study evaluation schedule. The Informed Consent Form may be taken home and reviewed by the candidate and the candidate will be given t...

Informed Consent will be obtained prior to enrollment in the study, and will include an interview to discuss study expectations, potential risks and benefits and the study evaluation schedule. The Informed Consent Form may be taken home and reviewed by the candidate and the candidate will be given the opportunity to ask questions about it and/or the study prior to signing the form. The candidate will then be given a copy of the signed Informed Consent Form. The Informed Consent Forms will include a detailed list of procedures included in the pre-operative evaluation process. The Informed Consent document will be reviewed and signed by the relevant parties prior to any study-related evaluation taking place. Testing completed as part of normal clinical practice, such as the audiogram is acceptable prior to signing the consent form. Information regarding each participant's hearing history will be collected and may be obtained from the participant directly or from their medical record. The Preoperative evaluation includes: Assessment of the candidate's suitability for the study Establishment of baseline data if the candidate proves to be appropriate for study inclusion. During preoperative testing, the patient will utilize hearing aids that have been verified as appropriate by the participant's managing audiologist. Clinicians will base the appropriateness of the hearing aid fitting on the recommendations of the American Academy of Audiology Task Force (2006). This includes real ear measures to verify accuracy of the hearing aid settings. Candidacy Assessment will include Air conduction thresholds for each ear with insert earphones at 125, 250, 500, 750, 1000, 1500, 2000, 3000,4000, 6000, and 8000 Hertz (Hz) Bone conduction thresholds for each ear at 125, 250, 500, 750, 1000, 1500, 2000, 4000Hz AzBio Sentences Test (Quiet) - One complete recorded list at 60 dB(A) presented to the sound field with the right ear aided, left ear aided, and bilateral aided while using amplification that has been verified as appropriate by the participant's managing audiologist. Baseline Measures Speech Perception Testing will include Consonant Nucleus Consonant (CNC) Monosyllabic Word Test (Quiet) - One complete recorded list presented at 60 dB(A) in the conditions of right ear aided, left ear aided, bilateral aided Telephone Testing will be performed using the ear to be implanted pre- implant. City of New York (CUNY) Sentences will be administered via live voice while the participant couples the ear to be implanted to his/her hearing aid using settings typical for phone use by that participant. If the participant is unable to use the phone, the test will still be administered with the telephone placed over the hearing aid microphone. No additional assistive listening devices (i.e. handset amplifier) or speaker phone settings will be used. Stimuli will be presented a single time only and feedback will not be provided. The examiner will use a conversational level and rate. The participant will repeat as much of the sentence as possible, guessing when necessary. Sentences will be scored for number of words repeated correctly and a percent of total words correct will be calculated. 4. Self-Assessment Questionnaires: Patients will be instructed to complete three questionnaires as they pertain to how they presently hear in everyday listening situations. These questionnaires will also be administered 6 and 12 months post-activation. : Health Utility Index (HUI3) Short Form-36 with utility transforms Abbreviated Profile of Hearing Aid Benefit (APHAB) Form A Surgical Procedure: The recommended surgical procedure as outlined in the appropriate surgical manual for the device selected for implantation (provided by the device manufacturer) will be followed by the surgeon. Postoperative Procedures will be tailored to the needs of the patient, and will vary depending on the type of cochlear implant the patient receives. Activation should take place 2-4 weeks following surgery, or as soon as the surgeon has determined that the patient is able to participate in such an appointment and should include the following: Check incision site for signs of irritation or infection. Perform otoscopy. Refer patient to cochlear implant surgeon if there are concerns. Check adhesion of the speech processor magnet to ensure appropriateness of magnet strength. Increase or decrease magnet strength as needed. Perform listening check of speech processor microphone. Perform impedance testing (Telemetry) Recommended mapping parameters are provided to clinicians as defaults to begin with, but may be modified as needed based upon the recipient's response to sound. The scheduled follow up appointments for recipients will vary depending on the recipient's response to sound, clinic schedule, and distance traveled to the clinic by the recipient. In addition to device activation, it is recommended the audiologist try to meet with patients one, three, six, and twelve months post-activation. Formal testing will be performed six and twelve months post-activation per the study protocol. Recommended procedures to include in each mapping appointment have been provided to audiologists and include discussion of experience using the device, clarification of any questions regarding device use, listening check of speech processor microphone, impedance telemetry, psychophysical measures,loudness balancing,creation of new speech processor programs if levels have changed, and informal assessment of speech recognition. Patients should be referred to a speech-language pathologist for formal aural rehabilitation/training if, at the three month interval he/she demonstrates no open-set speech recognition of numbers, colors, or sentences; demonstrates difficulty adjusting to the sound quality of the cochlear implant; if there is a question regarding the presence of coexisting communication difficulties related to a change in cognitive status rather than hearing impairment; or if the recipient requests additional rehabilitation and training that the audiologist is not able to provide. Post-operative assessments will be performed at the six and twelve month test intervals and will include: Audiometric Testing to include aided cochlear implant sound field warble tone thresholds at 250, 500, 1000, 2000, 3000, and 4000 Hz (if a hearing aid is used, the hearing aid will be removed and the contralateral ear will be plugged with a foam plug) Speech Perception Testing will be performed with the CI alone and/or when using the CI + HA (if patient reports utilizing a hearing aid in the ipsilateral or contralateral ear at least 4 hours each day). Test will include the CNC Word Test (Quiet) - one complete list presented at 60 dB(A), and AzBio Sentences in Quiet - one complete list presented at 60 dB (A). Formal evaluation of performance using the hearing aid alone is not included in this study. Testing will include measures to evaluate performance when using the implant alone and when the patient utilizes a hearing aid plus the cochlear implant if the recipient reports that he/she utilizes a hearing aid (either in the ipsilateral or contralateral ear) a minimum of 4 hours each day. These measures include administration of CNC Words and AZ Bio Sentences in the bimodal condition of CI+HA at the 6 and 12 month post-activation intervals. Self-Assessment Questionnaires described above will be re-administered six and twelve months post-activation. Patients will be instructed to complete each questionnaire as it pertains to how they presently hear in everyday listening situations (e.g. when using the CI alone or when using the CI + HA if they use a hearing aid with the CI at least 4 hours each day). Telephone testing as described above but using CI alone. Clinicians will provide participants with traditional rehabilitation, such as orientation to the device, description of strategies to improve hearing, use of assistive devices and accessories to improve performance, listening and communicating over the telephone, and counseling regarding speech recognition outcomes and expectations for performance. Audiologists will provide written materials regarding sources for independent rehabilitation and training. RISKS AND BENEFITS The pre-specified success criteria for this protocol will be determined based on sentence recognition performance in the best aided condition. Individual levels of margin of effectiveness will be assessed based on post-operative scores on CNC Words and AZ Bio Sentences. A statistically significant improvement in pre- to postoperative performance (six to twelve months postactivation) on scores in the best aided condition will be based on the binomial distribution of Thorton and Raffin, 1978 and the binomial distribution model provided by Spahr et al., 2011. Risks involved within this study include, but are not limited to, the risks associated with all cochlear implant surgery. It is anticipated that all study participants may permanently lose any residual hearing in the ear to be implanted. The potential benefits of cochlear implantation include improvement in the participant's ability to understand speech in quiet and in noise, with or without lip-reading, and to better detect speech and other environmental sounds. To monitor device safety (reported through adverse events), medical and audiological observations and procedures, such as adverse device effects and unanticipated adverse device effects, are to be reported to the center's Institutional Review Board (IRB) and also to the study coordinating center. Information on all device malfunctions and adverse events will be obtained from the investigational sites and maintained by event type. The surgeon and audiologist will complete a postoperative Adverse Event Questionnaire at each postoperative test interval if any adverse events have taken place. The questions in the adverse event form elicit information regarding any surgical, medical, and device-related complications for each study participant. Adverse device effects refer to any undesirable clinical or medical occurrence associated with use of the device or participation in the study. Adverse device effects will be reported if observed, even if they were acknowledged as risk factors in the Informed Consent Form. Unanticipated adverse device effects refer to any event not identified above that represents a serious adverse effect on health or safety or any life-threatening problem or death caused by, or associated with, a device if that effect, problem or death was not previously identified in nature, severity, or degree of incidence in the investigational plan or application, or any other unanticipated serious problem associated with a device that relates to the rights, safety, or welfare of subjects. Investigators are to inform their respective Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) and the study coordinator immediately if an unanticipated adverse device effect is suspected (no more than 10 working days after the investigator learns of the effect). If the case is determined to be an unanticipated adverse device effect, the investigator will fill out an Unanticipated Adverse Device Effect Form. The study coordinator will report the results of an evaluation of the unanticipated adverse device effect to the FDA and all other reviewing IRBs and investigators within 10 working days after first receiving notice of the event.

Inclusion Criterias

Preoperative aided sentence score in quiet greater than or equal to 40% correct but less than or equal to 60% correct in the best aided condition on recorded AzBio sentences.
Sixty-five years of age or older at the time of the study and CMS-eligible as primary source of medical insurance coverage.
English spoken as the primary language.
...
Preoperative aided sentence score in quiet greater than or equal to 40% correct but less than or equal to 60% correct in the best aided condition on recorded AzBio sentences.
Sixty-five years of age or older at the time of the study and CMS-eligible as primary source of medical insurance coverage.
English spoken as the primary language.
Bilateral moderate to profound hearing loss in the low frequencies (up to 1000 Hz) and profound sensorineural hearing loss in the high frequencies (3000 Hz and above).

Exclusion Criterias

Preoperative aided sentence score less than 40% or greater than 60% correct in the best aided condition on AzBio sentences in quiet
Congenital hearing loss (for the purpose of this study, onset pror to 2 years-of-age).
Ossification, absence of cochlear development or any other cochlear anomaly that might prevent complete insertion of the electrode array.
...
Preoperative aided sentence score less than 40% or greater than 60% correct in the best aided condition on AzBio sentences in quiet
Congenital hearing loss (for the purpose of this study, onset pror to 2 years-of-age).
Ossification, absence of cochlear development or any other cochlear anomaly that might prevent complete insertion of the electrode array.
The audiologist and/or surgeon will review the study protocol with the patient prior to having him/her sign the consent form. If the patient indicates he/she is unwilling or unable to comply with all investigational requirements, he/she will not be enrolled in the study.
Active middle-ear infection.
Hearing loss of neural or central origin (e.g., deafness due to lesions on the acoustic nerve or central auditory pathway).
Using best clinical judgment based on professional interaction with the patient and his/her family, the managing audiologist and surgeon will determine if there are any disabling cognitive limitations that would prevent the patient from providing reliable data for this study.

Locations

Miami, Florida, 33136
Seattle, Washington, 98195
Los Angeles, California, 90033
Saint Louis, Missouri, 63110
Boston, Massachusetts, 02114
...
Miami, Florida, 33136
Seattle, Washington, 98195
Los Angeles, California, 90033
Saint Louis, Missouri, 63110
Boston, Massachusetts, 02114
Columbus, Ohio, 43212
Dallas, Texas, 75390
Kansas City, Missouri, 64111
Iowa City, Iowa, 52242
Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109
Nashville, Tennessee, 37232
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 19104
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, 27599
Englewood, Colorado, 80113
Baltimore, Maryland, 21287
New York, New York, 10016
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 53226
Charleston, South Carolina, 29425
Chicago, Illinois, 60153

Tracking Information

NCT #
NCT02075229
Collaborators
  • University of Miami
  • University of Michigan
  • University of Iowa
  • Johns Hopkins University
  • NYU Langone Health
  • Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary
  • University of North Carolina
  • University of Southern California
  • Medical College of Wisconsin
  • Vanderbilt University
  • Saint Luke's Health System
  • University of Washington
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Ohio State University
  • Washington University School of Medicine
  • Medical University of South Carolina
  • Loyola University Chicago
  • Rocky Mountain Ear Center Audiology and Ear Services
  • University of Texas
Investigators
  • Principal Investigator: Teresa A Zwolan, Ph.D University of Michigan & American Cochlear Implant Alliance
  • Teresa A Zwolan, Ph.D University of Michigan & American Cochlear Implant Alliance