Recruitment

Recruitment Status
Completed
Estimated Enrollment
66

Inclusion Criteria

Meet DSM-5 criteria for a current alcohol use disorder (assessed via the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview; MINI). Note that we will use the currently available diagnostic measure (MINI for DSM-IV) and will make appropriate modifications to update for compatibility with DSM-5.
Subjects must be able to comprehend English.
Meet DSM-5 criteria for current PTSD (assessed via the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale; CAPS). Note that we will use the currently available assessment instrument (CAPS for DSM-IV), and will make appropriate modifications to update for compatibility with DSM-5.
...
Meet DSM-5 criteria for a current alcohol use disorder (assessed via the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview; MINI). Note that we will use the currently available diagnostic measure (MINI for DSM-IV) and will make appropriate modifications to update for compatibility with DSM-5.
Subjects must be able to comprehend English.
Meet DSM-5 criteria for current PTSD (assessed via the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale; CAPS). Note that we will use the currently available assessment instrument (CAPS for DSM-IV), and will make appropriate modifications to update for compatibility with DSM-5.
Subjects will be required to have at least 5 days of abstinence from alcohol or other substances (except caffeine or nicotine) prior to completing the laboratory testing, as verified by multiple methods including self-report, breathalyzer tests, and urine drug screen tests.
Male or female; any race or ethnicity; age 21-65 years.
Veteran of the US military; any service branch.
Subjects taking psychotropic medications will be required to be maintained on a stable dose for at least eight weeks before study initiation. This is because initiation or change of psychotropic medications during the course of the trial may interfere with interpretation of results.
Able to provide informed consent and function at an intellectual level sufficient to allow accurate completion of the assessment instruments.
Female subjects will be required to complete the laboratory testing during the early to mid-follicular phase of their menstrual cycle (days 1-7 following the onset of menses).
A CAPS score of 50 or greater.
Subjects may also meet criteria for a mood disorder (except bipolar affective disorder, see Exclusion Criteria) or anxiety disorders (e.g., agoraphobia, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder). The inclusion of subjects with affective and anxiety disorders is essential because of the marked frequency of the co-existence of mood and other anxiety disorders among patients with PTSD and alcohol use disorders.
Must consent to random assignment to oxytocin or placebo.

Exclusion Criteria

Pregnant women will be excluded from the proposed study.
Subjects who would present a serious suicide risk or who are likely to require hospitalization during the course of the study. Those subjects will be referred clinically.
Subjects meeting DSM-5 criteria for another substance use disorder, except caffeine or nicotine, within the past 12 months.
...
Pregnant women will be excluded from the proposed study.
Subjects who would present a serious suicide risk or who are likely to require hospitalization during the course of the study. Those subjects will be referred clinically.
Subjects meeting DSM-5 criteria for another substance use disorder, except caffeine or nicotine, within the past 12 months.
Subjects on maintenance anxiolytic, antidepressant, or mood stabilizing medications, which have been initiated during the past 8 weeks.
Females who are unable or unwilling to be scheduled for lab testing during the early to mid-follicular phase of their menstrual cycle.
Subjects with a history of a major medical illness (e.g., endocrine, cardiovascular, central nervous system disorders, peripheral neuropathy, or pulmonary disease) or other acute or unstable medical condition that might interfere with safe conduct of the study or accurate interpretation of the results.
Subjects meeting DSM-5 criteria for a history of or current psychotic or bipolar affective disorders, or with current suicidal or homicidal ideation and intent. Those subjects will be referred clinically.
Subjects experiencing withdrawal symptoms, as evidence by a score of 10 or above on the Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment of Alcohol (CIWA)

Summary

Conditions
Alcohol Use Disorders
Type
Interventional
Phase
Phase 1
Design
  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
  • Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
  • Primary Purpose: Treatment

Participation Requirements

Age
Between 21 years and 65 years
Gender
Both males and females

Inclusion Criteria

Meet DSM-5 criteria for a current alcohol use disorder (assessed via the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview; MINI). Note that we will use the currently available diagnostic measure (MINI for DSM-IV) and will make appropriate modifications to update for compatibility with DSM-5.
Subjects must be able to comprehend English.
Meet DSM-5 criteria for current PTSD (assessed via the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale; CAPS). Note that we will use the currently available assessment instrument (CAPS for DSM-IV), and will make appropriate modifications to update for compatibility with DSM-5.
...
Meet DSM-5 criteria for a current alcohol use disorder (assessed via the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview; MINI). Note that we will use the currently available diagnostic measure (MINI for DSM-IV) and will make appropriate modifications to update for compatibility with DSM-5.
Subjects must be able to comprehend English.
Meet DSM-5 criteria for current PTSD (assessed via the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale; CAPS). Note that we will use the currently available assessment instrument (CAPS for DSM-IV), and will make appropriate modifications to update for compatibility with DSM-5.
Subjects will be required to have at least 5 days of abstinence from alcohol or other substances (except caffeine or nicotine) prior to completing the laboratory testing, as verified by multiple methods including self-report, breathalyzer tests, and urine drug screen tests.
Male or female; any race or ethnicity; age 21-65 years.
Veteran of the US military; any service branch.
Subjects taking psychotropic medications will be required to be maintained on a stable dose for at least eight weeks before study initiation. This is because initiation or change of psychotropic medications during the course of the trial may interfere with interpretation of results.
Able to provide informed consent and function at an intellectual level sufficient to allow accurate completion of the assessment instruments.
Female subjects will be required to complete the laboratory testing during the early to mid-follicular phase of their menstrual cycle (days 1-7 following the onset of menses).
A CAPS score of 50 or greater.
Subjects may also meet criteria for a mood disorder (except bipolar affective disorder, see Exclusion Criteria) or anxiety disorders (e.g., agoraphobia, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder). The inclusion of subjects with affective and anxiety disorders is essential because of the marked frequency of the co-existence of mood and other anxiety disorders among patients with PTSD and alcohol use disorders.
Must consent to random assignment to oxytocin or placebo.

Exclusion Criteria

Pregnant women will be excluded from the proposed study.
Subjects who would present a serious suicide risk or who are likely to require hospitalization during the course of the study. Those subjects will be referred clinically.
Subjects meeting DSM-5 criteria for another substance use disorder, except caffeine or nicotine, within the past 12 months.
...
Pregnant women will be excluded from the proposed study.
Subjects who would present a serious suicide risk or who are likely to require hospitalization during the course of the study. Those subjects will be referred clinically.
Subjects meeting DSM-5 criteria for another substance use disorder, except caffeine or nicotine, within the past 12 months.
Subjects on maintenance anxiolytic, antidepressant, or mood stabilizing medications, which have been initiated during the past 8 weeks.
Females who are unable or unwilling to be scheduled for lab testing during the early to mid-follicular phase of their menstrual cycle.
Subjects with a history of a major medical illness (e.g., endocrine, cardiovascular, central nervous system disorders, peripheral neuropathy, or pulmonary disease) or other acute or unstable medical condition that might interfere with safe conduct of the study or accurate interpretation of the results.
Subjects meeting DSM-5 criteria for a history of or current psychotic or bipolar affective disorders, or with current suicidal or homicidal ideation and intent. Those subjects will be referred clinically.
Subjects experiencing withdrawal symptoms, as evidence by a score of 10 or above on the Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment of Alcohol (CIWA)

Locations

Charleston, South Carolina, 29425
Charleston, South Carolina, 29425

Tracking Information

NCT #
NCT02058251
Collaborators
Not Provided
Investigators
  • Principal Investigator: Sudie E. Back, Ph.D. Medical University of South Carolina
  • Sudie E. Back, Ph.D. Medical University of South Carolina