Recruitment

Recruitment Status
Completed
Estimated Enrollment
24

Inclusion Criterias

A maximum of 2 target lesions in one or more infrapopliteal vessels
Stenotic (> 50%) or occlusive atherosclerotic disease of the infrapopliteal arteries
The patient has no child bearing potential or negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of the index procedure
...
A maximum of 2 target lesions in one or more infrapopliteal vessels
Stenotic (> 50%) or occlusive atherosclerotic disease of the infrapopliteal arteries
The patient has no child bearing potential or negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of the index procedure
The patient must provide written patient informed consent
Symptomatic critical limb ischemia (Rutherford 4, 5, 6)
Reference vessel diameter should be 2-4.0 mm
The patient must be > 21 years of age
The patient must be willing and able to return to the appropriate follow-up times for the duration of the study
Minimum of 1mm overlap of stents
Life-expectancy of more than 12 months

Exclusion Criterias

The patient takes Phenprocoumon (Marcumar).
The patient has a known allergy to heparin, Aspirin or other anticoagulant/anti-platelet therapies or a bleeding diatheses or is unable, or unwilling, to tolerate such therapies.
The patient is currently breast-feeding, pregnant or intends to become pregnant.
...
The patient takes Phenprocoumon (Marcumar).
The patient has a known allergy to heparin, Aspirin or other anticoagulant/anti-platelet therapies or a bleeding diatheses or is unable, or unwilling, to tolerate such therapies.
The patient is currently breast-feeding, pregnant or intends to become pregnant.
Untreatable lesion located at the distal outflow arteries
Lesion location requiring kissing stent procedure
The reference segment diameter is not suitable for available stent design
Patient refusing treatment
Unsuccessfully treated (>50% residual stenosis) proximal inflow limiting arterial stenosis
Use of alternative therapy (e.g. atherectomy, cutting balloon, laser, radiation therapy) as part of the index procedure to the target vessel
Subject is receiving immunosuppression therapy, or has known serious immunosuppressive disease (e.g., human immunodeficiency virus), or has severe autoimmune disease that requires chronic immunosuppressive therapy (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus, etc.) The patient should also not receive inhibitors of CYP3A (such as Itraconazole, and Erythromycin), or inducers of CYP3A (such as Rifampin) within 90 days following the procedure.

Summary

Conditions
Critical Limb Ischemia
Type
Interventional
Design
  • Allocation: N/A
  • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
  • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Primary Purpose: Other

Participation Requirements

Age
Between 21 years and 125 years
Gender
Both males and females

Description

Background Currently, DM foot admissions account for up to 2% of all admissions in CGH, with up to 50% of patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD). CGH Vascular service performs 100-150 peripheral angioplasties for limb ischaemia per 6 months, the majority of which are for limb salvage proced...

Background Currently, DM foot admissions account for up to 2% of all admissions in CGH, with up to 50% of patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD). CGH Vascular service performs 100-150 peripheral angioplasties for limb ischaemia per 6 months, the majority of which are for limb salvage procedures. The angioplasty procedure is performed below the knee (BTK) and the BTK vessels are involved in more than 80% of the time. Restenosis is common in peripheral interventions. In the recently published DESTINY trial, the superiority of Everolimus DES (XIENCE, Abbott Vascular) was proven over BMS (Bare Metal Stents). This landmark study suggests that for short lesions in the BTK segment, DES improved patency rates and reduced the need for re-interventions for restenosis. Re-interventions for previously stented arteries are technically difficult. In the coronary bed, the Bioabsorbable stents have been developed to provide the functions of a drug eluting stent but yet provide a temporary scaffold to allow the vessel to heal. The absence of a permanent metallic implant in the vascular tissue may facilitate any required re-interventions on the target vessel / lesion or side branches either by percutaneous or surgical means, thus enabling a broader range of treatment options after bioresorption of the scaffold. In addition, unlike permanent metal implants, polymeric implants do not cause imaging artifacts during non-invasive CT or MR evaluation providing additional benefit Rationate and justification for the study The safety of the BVS has already been demonstrated in man in the Coronary Bed. It is currently CE marked for this indication. In the ABSORB Cohort A Study, it showed excellent long term clinical outcomes with low MACE rates out to 4 years with absence of any target lesion revascularization, Q-wave myocardial infarction, and scaffold thrombosis. Cohort B confirms these findings out to 1 year; including patency comparable to XIENCE V. Absorb BVS thus performs all the functions of a drug-eluting stent while offering future potential benefits resulting from the absence of a permanent metallic implant. An optimal post procedural follow-up imaging technique is as yet uncertain for this stent. Assessment of conventional stents with CT angiography has been limited by streak and susceptibility artefact on MRA. Doppler Ultrasound is known to be time intensive. Hence, if MRA or CTA proof to be accurate modalities for evaluation, it would be easier for follow-up and evaluation of these patients. The aims of this study are: to study which non-invasive imaging modality would be most appropriate in follow-up for Bioabsorbable Everolimus Eluting Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffold System (BVS, Abbott Vascular) patency deployed in subjects with critical limb ischemia (CLI) following percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of the tibial arteries. The aim is to establish stent patency as well as imaging features of the stent. to investigate the effects of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty using Bioabsorbable Vascular Scaffold (BVS) in patients with Critical Limb Ischaemia CLI) and Below the Knee (BTK) lesions in an Asian Population. One of the side arms of the study is to establish imaging features of this new stent system with Doppler ultrasound, CT angiography and MR angiography. The study aims to establish stent patency, as well as imaging features of stent as it bio reabsorbs. Study design The study will prospectively collect consecutive cases treated with BVS for patients with CLI and BTK lesions recruited over a 2 year period and followed up for 1 year. The results of these patients will be compared to a similar historical cohort consecutively treated with XIENCE DES (metallic Drug Eluting Stents, Abbott Vascular). This pilot study will involve recruitment of 12 patients x 1 year followed by another year of post implantation follow-up. If feasible, the recruitment will be extended to another year for another 12 patients giving a total of 24 patients. Patients not on chronic antiplatelets therapy should receive a loading dose of Plavix 300 mg and Aspirin 300 mg started 6 to 72 hours prior and not later than 1 hour after the procedure. Pre procedure clinical assessment including pulses and Transcutaneous O2 measurement around the affected wound. In the absence of a wound, this will be performed on the dorsum of the foot. Demographic data including comorbidities, medication history, Rutherford class will be recorded. Symptomatic patients would be screened with a duplex ultrasound prior to intervention. After informed consent for a standard angiography/intervention, the patient will undergo a planned intervention under general or local anaesthesia in an angiographic facility. Either antegrade or retrograde approach is allowed. After common femoral artery sheath access, a diagnostic angiogram will be performed as per any standard angioplasty procedure. 2 plane angiography of the target lesions will be performed. Of note will be the lesion characteristics like length, location, and degree of stenosis and calcification. Degree of runoff will also be assessed on angiography. If the 2 plane angiography confirms > 50% stenosis or occlusion, the patient will be eligible for BVS. The target vessel chosen should preferably be but should not limited to, the wound relate artery in accordance to the angiosome concept. There should at least be one vessel runoff to the foot. After angiographic assessment for suitability for BVS, heparin 2500 to 5000 IU will be administered intra-arterially as per standard angioplasty according to body weight. The stenosis of occlusion will be crossed (true lumen or subintimal crossing is allowed) with a guidewire of choice and pre-dilatation with a balloon catheter will be performed. Pre-dilatation should be in accordance with manufacturer guidelines an should not extend beyond the proposed treated segment Post intervention angiography will subsequently be performed to assess the success of treatment repeat balloon inflation is allowed. Any residual stenosis and the degree of stenosis at the end of the intervention will also be recorded. Post dilatation should be confined to the previously scaffolded area and not exceed manufacturer recommendations with respect to size. Subsequent treatment of the runoff tibial vessels is allowed. Post procedure, standard post angioplasty regimes will be followed. Patients will be started on supplementary Clopidogrel (Plavix) 75 mg once a day together with Aspirin 100mg once a day i.e. dual antiplatelets for 6month post intervention followed by Aspirin for life unless contraindicated. Clinical follow-up will be performed immediately post procedure at 1 month, 6 months and 1 year post intervention. Assessment of the pulse, clinical patency will be performed at each visit. TCOMs will be performed at 6 and 12 months. Duplex ultrasound to assess for re-stenosis will be performed at 6 and 12 months, while CT angiography and MR angiography will be performed at 12-month post-procedure.

Inclusion Criterias

A maximum of 2 target lesions in one or more infrapopliteal vessels
Stenotic (> 50%) or occlusive atherosclerotic disease of the infrapopliteal arteries
The patient has no child bearing potential or negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of the index procedure
...
A maximum of 2 target lesions in one or more infrapopliteal vessels
Stenotic (> 50%) or occlusive atherosclerotic disease of the infrapopliteal arteries
The patient has no child bearing potential or negative serum pregnancy test within 7 days of the index procedure
The patient must provide written patient informed consent
Symptomatic critical limb ischemia (Rutherford 4, 5, 6)
Reference vessel diameter should be 2-4.0 mm
The patient must be > 21 years of age
The patient must be willing and able to return to the appropriate follow-up times for the duration of the study
Minimum of 1mm overlap of stents
Life-expectancy of more than 12 months

Exclusion Criterias

The patient takes Phenprocoumon (Marcumar).
The patient has a known allergy to heparin, Aspirin or other anticoagulant/anti-platelet therapies or a bleeding diatheses or is unable, or unwilling, to tolerate such therapies.
The patient is currently breast-feeding, pregnant or intends to become pregnant.
...
The patient takes Phenprocoumon (Marcumar).
The patient has a known allergy to heparin, Aspirin or other anticoagulant/anti-platelet therapies or a bleeding diatheses or is unable, or unwilling, to tolerate such therapies.
The patient is currently breast-feeding, pregnant or intends to become pregnant.
Untreatable lesion located at the distal outflow arteries
Lesion location requiring kissing stent procedure
The reference segment diameter is not suitable for available stent design
Patient refusing treatment
Unsuccessfully treated (>50% residual stenosis) proximal inflow limiting arterial stenosis
Use of alternative therapy (e.g. atherectomy, cutting balloon, laser, radiation therapy) as part of the index procedure to the target vessel
Subject is receiving immunosuppression therapy, or has known serious immunosuppressive disease (e.g., human immunodeficiency virus), or has severe autoimmune disease that requires chronic immunosuppressive therapy (e.g., systemic lupus erythematosus, etc.) The patient should also not receive inhibitors of CYP3A (such as Itraconazole, and Erythromycin), or inducers of CYP3A (such as Rifampin) within 90 days following the procedure.

Locations

Singapore, 529889
Singapore, 529889

Tracking Information

NCT #
NCT02043795
Collaborators
Not Provided
Investigators
  • Principal Investigator: Steven Kum, MD Changi General Hospital
  • Steven Kum, MD Changi General Hospital