Recruitment

Recruitment Status
Terminated
Estimated Enrollment
15

Inclusion Criterias

Able to comply with study requirements including travel to investigation sites and clinic visits.
Strong family support including language proficiency of the parent(s) in the child's primary mode of communication as well as written and spoken English.
Bilateral temporal bone fractures with cochlear nerve avulsion
...
Able to comply with study requirements including travel to investigation sites and clinic visits.
Strong family support including language proficiency of the parent(s) in the child's primary mode of communication as well as written and spoken English.
Bilateral temporal bone fractures with cochlear nerve avulsion
Involvement in an educational program that emphasizes development of auditory skills with or without the use of supplementary visual communication.
Cochlear nerve deficiency
No medical contraindications
No or limited speech perception ability (limited to pattern perception on closed set testing materials using the CI)
Post-meningitis ossification
Previously developed open set speech perception and auditory-oral language skills
Cochlear aplasia or severe hypoplasia
No or limited cognitive/developmental delays which would be expected to interfere with the child's ability to cooperate in testing and/or programming of the device, in developing speech and oral language, or which would make an implant and subsequent emphasis on aural/oral communication not in the child's best interest
Lack of progress in auditory skills development
that the child may not develop spoken language as a primary communication mode or even sufficient spoken language to make significant academic progress in an aural/oral environment
Failed revision CI without benefit
Post-meningitis ossification
Informed consent for the procedure from the child's parents.
Willing to receive the appropriate meningitis vaccinations
Severe inner ear malformation
of parental role in rehabilitation
of potential benefits and limitations of ABI

Exclusion Criterias

Unable to tolerate general anesthesia (cardiac, pulmonary, bleeding diathesis, etc.).
Unwilling to make necessary follow-up appointments.
Unwilling to sign the informed consent.
...
Unable to tolerate general anesthesia (cardiac, pulmonary, bleeding diathesis, etc.).
Unwilling to make necessary follow-up appointments.
Unwilling to sign the informed consent.
Unable to participate in behavioral testing and mapping with their CI. If this appears to be an age effect, ABI will be delayed until we can be assured that the child will be able to participate, as reliable objective measures of mapping are currently not available for mapping these devices.
Severe psychomotor retardation, autism, cerebral palsy, or developmental delays beyond speech that would preclude usage of the device and oral educational development. Autism is a special case where there is the potential for delayed presentation. When early signs are considered present, we will request a comprehensive developmental assessment for further evaluation prior to considering routine evaluation.
Intractable seizures or progressive, deteriorating neurological disorder
Pre- or post-linguistic child currently making significant progress with CI - This will be considered if a child is progressing along the expected speech reception hierarchy (SRI-Q) as detailed by Wang et al (50). Even for the very young children (18 months of age with 6 months of use), nearly all children with a good auditory signal from their CI will have reached ceiling effects on the IT-MAIS and have pattern perception beyond chance using the ESP (50). Moreover, there will evidence of improvement in these metrics over time.
Need for brainstem irradiation
normal cochlea and cochlear nerves or NF2
Unrealistic expectations on the part of the subject/family regarding the possible benefits, risks and limitations that are inherent to the procedure and prosthetic device.
Clear surgical reason for poor CI performance that can be remediated with revision CI or contralateral surgery rather than ABI.
brainstem or cortical anomaly that makes implantation unfeasible

Summary

Conditions
Bilateral Hearing Loss for Causes Other Than Tumors
Type
Interventional
Design
  • Allocation: N/A
  • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
  • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Primary Purpose: Treatment

Participation Requirements

Age
Younger than 1817 years
Gender
Both males and females

Description

The goal of this MEEI Auditory Brainstem Implant (ABI) research study is to find new ways to improve hearing in children who are deaf and cannot receive a cochlear implant. The ABI is a surgically placed bionic implant that converts sounds into electrical signals that are directly transmitted to the...

The goal of this MEEI Auditory Brainstem Implant (ABI) research study is to find new ways to improve hearing in children who are deaf and cannot receive a cochlear implant. The ABI is a surgically placed bionic implant that converts sounds into electrical signals that are directly transmitted to the cochlear nucleus, the first auditory center of the brain. For many years, ABIs have improved the hearing of patients who are deaf due to brain tumors associated with a genetic syndrome called Neurofibromatosis Type 2 (NF2). However, a number of recent studies suggest that deaf patients who do not have NF2 and are not eligible for a cochlear implant may also benefit from placement of an ABI. These preliminary studies suggest that these non-NF2 or "nontumor" patients may actually have better outcomes after ABI surgery than patients suffering from NF2. Children appear to be particularly good candidates because of their developmental plasticity and in many studies, outcomes are more favorable in children that adults. Patients who do not have NF2 and are deaf due to abnormalities in their hearing nerves or inner ears from congenital malformations, infection, disease, or injury are not cochlear implant candidates and there are no other options to improve hearing in these cases except for the ABI. Thus, the purpose of our study is to carefully analyze whether ABI surgery improves the hearing and quality of life of non-NF2 children based on subjective and objective measures of their hearing before and after ABI surgery. In particular, we plan to study ABI outcomes in non-NF2 pediatric patients, characterize the parameters used on their devices, and determine the safety profile of ABIs in these patients.

Inclusion Criterias

Able to comply with study requirements including travel to investigation sites and clinic visits.
Strong family support including language proficiency of the parent(s) in the child's primary mode of communication as well as written and spoken English.
Bilateral temporal bone fractures with cochlear nerve avulsion
...
Able to comply with study requirements including travel to investigation sites and clinic visits.
Strong family support including language proficiency of the parent(s) in the child's primary mode of communication as well as written and spoken English.
Bilateral temporal bone fractures with cochlear nerve avulsion
Involvement in an educational program that emphasizes development of auditory skills with or without the use of supplementary visual communication.
Cochlear nerve deficiency
No medical contraindications
No or limited speech perception ability (limited to pattern perception on closed set testing materials using the CI)
Post-meningitis ossification
Previously developed open set speech perception and auditory-oral language skills
Cochlear aplasia or severe hypoplasia
No or limited cognitive/developmental delays which would be expected to interfere with the child's ability to cooperate in testing and/or programming of the device, in developing speech and oral language, or which would make an implant and subsequent emphasis on aural/oral communication not in the child's best interest
Lack of progress in auditory skills development
that the child may not develop spoken language as a primary communication mode or even sufficient spoken language to make significant academic progress in an aural/oral environment
Failed revision CI without benefit
Post-meningitis ossification
Informed consent for the procedure from the child's parents.
Willing to receive the appropriate meningitis vaccinations
Severe inner ear malformation
of parental role in rehabilitation
of potential benefits and limitations of ABI

Exclusion Criterias

Unable to tolerate general anesthesia (cardiac, pulmonary, bleeding diathesis, etc.).
Unwilling to make necessary follow-up appointments.
Unwilling to sign the informed consent.
...
Unable to tolerate general anesthesia (cardiac, pulmonary, bleeding diathesis, etc.).
Unwilling to make necessary follow-up appointments.
Unwilling to sign the informed consent.
Unable to participate in behavioral testing and mapping with their CI. If this appears to be an age effect, ABI will be delayed until we can be assured that the child will be able to participate, as reliable objective measures of mapping are currently not available for mapping these devices.
Severe psychomotor retardation, autism, cerebral palsy, or developmental delays beyond speech that would preclude usage of the device and oral educational development. Autism is a special case where there is the potential for delayed presentation. When early signs are considered present, we will request a comprehensive developmental assessment for further evaluation prior to considering routine evaluation.
Intractable seizures or progressive, deteriorating neurological disorder
Pre- or post-linguistic child currently making significant progress with CI - This will be considered if a child is progressing along the expected speech reception hierarchy (SRI-Q) as detailed by Wang et al (50). Even for the very young children (18 months of age with 6 months of use), nearly all children with a good auditory signal from their CI will have reached ceiling effects on the IT-MAIS and have pattern perception beyond chance using the ESP (50). Moreover, there will evidence of improvement in these metrics over time.
Need for brainstem irradiation
normal cochlea and cochlear nerves or NF2
Unrealistic expectations on the part of the subject/family regarding the possible benefits, risks and limitations that are inherent to the procedure and prosthetic device.
Clear surgical reason for poor CI performance that can be remediated with revision CI or contralateral surgery rather than ABI.
brainstem or cortical anomaly that makes implantation unfeasible

Locations

Boston, Massachusetts, 02114
Boston, Massachusetts, 02114

Tracking Information

NCT #
NCT01864291
Collaborators
Not Provided
Investigators
  • Principal Investigator: Daniel J Lee, MD FACS MEEI/MGH
  • Daniel J Lee, MD FACS MEEI/MGH