A Single Centre Study in Healthy Volunteers to Optimise the Rotacap Formulation and ROTAHALER Device for Delivery of Fluticasone Propionate/SalmeterolLast updated on July 2021
- Recruitment Status
- Estimated Enrollment
- Phase 1
- Allocation: RandomizedIntervention Model: Crossover AssignmentMasking: None (Open Label)Primary Purpose: Treatment
- Between 18 years and 65 years
- Both males and females
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterised by varying and recurring symptoms of shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing and cough, airflow obstruction, bronchial hyper-responsiveness and underlying inflammation. The GINA guidelines [Global Initiative for...
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways characterised by varying and recurring symptoms of shortness of breath, chest tightness, wheezing and cough, airflow obstruction, bronchial hyper-responsiveness and underlying inflammation. The GINA guidelines [Global Initiative for Asthma,(GINA) updated 2009] highlight the need to treat airway inflammation in asthma and recognise the importance of inhaled prophylactic medications such as inhaled corticosteroids and combinations of Inhaled Corticosteroids (ICS) / Long Acting Beta Agonists (LABA) such as SERETIDE™ for the treatment of chronic asthma. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a preventable and treatable disease characterised by airflow limitation that is not fully reversible [Celli, 2004]. The airflow limitation of COPD is primarily due to small airways disease and parenchymal destruction associated with an abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs, mainly caused by cigarette smoking [Celli 2004]. COPD is characterised by symptoms of chronic and progressive breathlessness (or dyspnea), cough and sputum production which can be a major cause of disability and anxiety associated with the disease. The GOLD (Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) guidelines on COPD state that the goals of pharmacologic therapy should be to control symptoms, improve health status and exercise tolerance, and reduce the frequency of COPD exacerbations [GOLD, 2008]. Research has indicated that an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) combined with a long acting ?2-agonist (LABA) is more effective than the individual components in managing stable COPD to reduce exacerbations and improve lung function and health status [Ferguson, 2008; Calverley, 2007; Kardos, 2007]. The efficacy of the combination product, SERETIDE has been established in the metered dose inhaler (MDI) and multidose powder inhaler (Ddpi; DISKUS™/Accuhaler) in both asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, COPD at a variety of dose strengths. Alternative treatment options with respect to the formulation of SERETIDE and its means of delivery via an inhaler device are currently being assessed by GSK with a view to developing a product with bioavailability characteristics comparable to those of SERETIDE delivered via the multi-dose powder inhaler (DISKUS™/Accuhaler). It is intended that the product will then be progressed for treatment administration in both asthma and COPD patients. STUDY RATIONALE: A recently completed study, ASR114334, [GlaxoSmithKline document number YM2010/00082/02] evaluated the comparative bioavailability of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol delivered via the established multi-dose powder inhaler (Ddpi, DISKUS/Accuhaler) with the Rotahaler unit dose fluticasone propionate/salmeterol capsule-based powder inhaler (Rdpi) in both asthma and COPD patients. The Rotahaler (Rdpi) inhaler had an airflow resistance similar to the DISKUS multi-dose inhaler (Ddpi). Whilst the active ingredients were a combination of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol, the devices were different with respect to their handling and instructions for operation, although both were designed to deliver at the 250/50mcg bid dose strength ie mcg equivalent doses. The results showed that plasma exposures of both fluticasone propionate (FP) and salmeterol were 1.5 to 2 fold higher following repeat dose administration of FP/salmeterol delivered from the Rdpi compared with those from the Ddpi, [GlaxoSmithKline document number 2011N112456_00]. This was observed for both asthma and COPD patients. The purpose of this study, ASR116409 is to optimise the device and/or formulation of the FP/salmeterol unit dose powder inhaler to achieve drug delivery characteristics comparable to the FP/salmeterol DISKUS. DOSE RATIONALE: Two doses of FP/salmeterol will be administered in this study: 250/50 mcg and 100/50 mcg or lower, both doses are approved for the treatment of asthma. These doses will be administered to healthy subjects and are at or below the maximum approved doses for FP and salmeterol indicated for chronic therapy in asthma; therefore there are no anticipated safety concerns associated with the planned short term (3.5 days bid) dosing in healthy subjects. STUDY DESIGN: The study is an open-label, randomised, cross-over, single centre study in healthy volunteers in 3 parts, A, B and C. It will be conducted with an adaptive design where pharmacokinetic data analysis follows each part to enable a decision on whether progression to the subsequent parts is required. A total of 36 subjects will be enrolled in each part to ensure 32 complete. In each cross-over arm, subjects will be administered 7 doses (3.5 days bid) with PK sampling following administration of the 7th dose. A three-day minimum wash-out period will separate each cross-over arm. Subjects may elect to participate in more than one part. Part A will compare the bioavailability characteristics of the following GSK devices: the Ddpi (multi-dose dry powder inhaler, DISKUS), the Rdpi(H) (capsule-based inhaler, high airflow resistance) and the Rdpi(L) (low airflow resistance). The Rdpi(H) has higher airflow resistance to the Ddpi compared to the Rdpi (L) and could allow a closer PK match. Part A will consist of a four treatment cross-over sub-study with the following arms, each arm replicated twice for each subject. Treatment arms for part A will comprise: Administration of 7 doses (3.5 days bid) of FP/salmeterol (250/50mcg) delivered via the Ddpi Administration of 7 doses (3.5 days bid) of FP/salmeterol (250/50mcg) delivered via the Rdpi(H). Instructions for subjects will be to take 2 steady, deep inhalations. Administration of 7 doses (3.5 days bid) of FP/salmeterol (250/50mcg) delivered via the Rdpi(L). Instructions for subjects will be to take 1 fast and deep inhalation Administration of 7 doses (3.5 days bid) of FP/salmeterol (250/50mcg) delivered via the Rdpi(L). Instructions for subjects will be to take fast and deep inhalations until no powder remains in the inhaler. The Rdpi(H) device (250/50mcg FP/salmeterol) is being assessed in Part A to bridge the data back to the previous study (ASR114334) to show whether it is possible to replicate the 1.5 to 2 fold systemic exposure ratio for Rdpi(H)/Ddpi in healthy subjects compared to patients seen in the previous study (ASR114334). Subjects will be dosed twice daily for 3 days and once on the fourth day in the morning. The first dose on Day 1 will be administered at the site and the next four doses will be self-administered by the subjects at home. They will attend the Unit in the evening of the 3rd day where they will be administered the 6th dose and remain at the Unit for the night and following day. They will be dosed in clinic (7th dose) on the morning of the fourth day and remain at site until completion of the 12 hour post-dose PK sample collection. Following a 3-day minimum wash-out period after the last dose of study medication (Day 4), subjects will participate in the subsequent arms of Part A until they have completed all 4 arms twice i.e. the 8 periods planned for completion of Part A. PK samples will be analysed and reviewed at the conclusion of Part A. If PK equivalence for FP and SALM is demonstrated between the Rdpi(L)and the Ddpi, and Rdpi(H)is demonstrated to have higher and non-equivalent PK systemic exposure compared to Ddpi, Part C will be conducted. If PK equivalence is not demonstrated, Part B will be conducted. Part B: Study design for Part B will depend on the PK results from Part A. Prior to the start of part B, a decision will be made by the sponsor team as to whether the Rdpi (H) or the Rdpi(L) device will be used; this decision will be based on PK data from part A. FP/Salm 250/50mcg from the Ddpi will be included again in Part B as a control group. If the plasma exposures of FP and SALM obtained during Part A from Rdpi(H) are statistically higher than those from the Dpi and those from Rdpi (L) are statistically lower than those from the Ddpi, Part B will assess two intermediate airflow resistance versions of the Rdpi [Rdpi (IM)] and/or the formulation changes below: modified blend formulations reduced capsule fill weights, different capsule types If the plasma exposures of FP and SALM obtained from the Rdpi(H) are statistically higher than those from the Dpi and those from the Rdpi(L) are statistically higher than those from the Ddpi, Part B will assess the formulation changes below using Rdpi(H); modified blend formulations reduced capsule fill weights, different capsule types One variable will be assessed at a time in an open-label, randomized, cross-over manner comprising 2 to 3 arms separated by a 3-day minimum wash-out period. All comparisons will be done against the DISKUS arm, in order to test bioequivalence. The sample size and the use of replicated arms will be evaluated and defined after the completion of part A, adapting the design and the sample size to the variability observed during the previous part of the study. Following PK data analysis for all the variables, two or more variables may finally be grouped for combined assessment as an open-label investigation. Evaluation of the two intermediate high airflow resistance Rdpi devices [Rdpi(IM)] and of the formulation changes will be conducted in a cross-over design. The inhalation instructions (number and type of breaths) will be decided after Part A is completed. An additional arm whereby subjects will be administered the Ddpi will also be included for comparison. Part C will compare bioavailability parameters for 2 dosage strengths of FP/salmeterol: 100/50 mcg, and 250/50mcg, delivered from the Ddpi and the device/formulation shown to demonstrate bioequivalence in Part A and/or Part B. Another GSK unit dose device in development, the BUDI inhaler, will also be evaluated for its comparative bioavailability characteristics at both doses. If PK data from Part A demonstrates that the Rdpi(L) is PK equivalent to the Ddpi at the 250/50 mcg dose, Part B will not be conducted. We will also test the bovine capsule which may be needed for certain markets in Part C if Part B is not conducted. The various arms in Part C will not be conducted concurrently as timing of dosing for each arm will depend on availability of study medication, device and capsule type. Part C will therefore be conducted at two different points in time: Part C1 will consist of a 3 or 4-way cross-over sub-study with the following arms: Administration of 7 doses (3.5 days bid) of FP/salmeterol (250/50mcg) delivered via the Ddpi Administration of 7 doses (3.5 days bid) of FP/salmeterol (100/50mcg) delivered via the Ddpi Administration of 7 doses (3.5 days bid) of FP/salmeterol (100/50mcg) delivered via the device/formulation combination selected in Part A or B Administration of 7 doses (3.5 days bid) of FP/salmeterol (250/50mcg) delivered via the Bovine capsule (if part B is not performed). Part C2 will be performed if required when the BUDI inhaler will be made available, a cross-over sub-study with the following arms: Administration of 7 doses (3.5 days bid) of FP/salmeterol (250/50mcg) delivered via the Ddpi Administration of 7 doses (3.5 days bid) of FP/salmeterol (100/50mcg) delivered via the Ddpi Administration of 7 doses (3.5 days bid) of FP/salmeterol (250/50mcg) delivered via BUDI Inhaler Administration of 7 doses (3.5 days bid) of FP/salmeterol (100/50mcg) delivered via the BUDI Inhaler. The inhalation instructions (number and type of breaths) will be decided after part A is completed The option to combine Parts C1 and C2 will be evaluated according to the: availability of the BUDI Inhaler and the timing of Part C PK results from the previous parts (variability could affect the need to have replicated arms in part C as well; further, the bovine capsule may have been already tested in part B). PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: To select a device and formulation combination of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (250/50mcg or lower) which has pharmacokinetic equivalence (ratio 0.8 to 1.25) to fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (250/50mcg) delivered via the Ddpi (multi dose dry powder inhaler) To compare the pharmacokinetic parameters of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (250/50mcg or lower) delivered from a range of devices and/or formulations to those of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol (250/50mcg) delivered via the Ddpi in healthy volunteers. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: To determine the pharmacokinetic equivalence of the selected device/formulation combination of fluticasone propionate/salmeterol administered at a lower dose to match fluticasone propionate/salmeterol administered at the 100/50mcg dose from the Ddpi To assess the PK characteristics of the BUDI inhaler containing 100/50mcg fluticasone propionate/salmeterol and 250/50mcg fluticasone propionate/salmeterol. PRIMARY ENDPOINT: -Pharmacokinetic endpoint: Area under the plasma fluticasone propionate concentration-time curve over dosing interval ; maximum observed concentration for fluticasone propionate and salmeterol plasma concentration-time curve on the last day of each study treatment period (Day 4). SECONDARY ENDPOINT: -Pharmacokinetic parameters: time of maximum observed concentration;terminal phase rate constant; terminal phase half-life for fluticasone propionate and salmeterol) on the last day of each treatment period (Day 4). TREATMENT ASSIGNMENT: During Part A of the study, subjects will be assigned to one of the four sequences of the below reported table (4x4 Williams design with replicates) in accordance with the randomization schedule generated by Quantitative Sciences, prior to the start of the study, using validated internal software. Sequence number Arm A B D C D A C B B C A D C D B A C D B A B C A D D A C B A B D C A indicates Ddpi, B indicates Rdpi(H), C indicates Rdpi(L) fast and deep inhalation, and D indicates Rdpi(L) fast and deep inhalations until no powder remains in the inhaler. Williams design, with replicates or not, will be adopted for the subsequent and optional parts of the study, depending on the results obtained in part A.
- NCT #
- Not Provided
- Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline