Effects of Nebivolol on Skeletal Muscle During Exercise in Hypertensive PatientsLast updated on July 2021
- Recruitment Status
- Estimated Enrollment
- Same as current
- Phase 4
- Allocation: RandomizedIntervention Model: Crossover AssignmentMasking: None (Open Label)Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
- Between 18 years and 65 years
- Both males and females
In 32 untreated stage 1 hypertensive subjects, the investigators will measure blood pressure; noninvasive cardiac output by thoracic electrical bioimpedance (Bioz, Cardio Dynamics); forearm mediated vasodilation (FMD), which is a non-invasive assessment of endothelial function; collect venous endoth...
In 32 untreated stage 1 hypertensive subjects, the investigators will measure blood pressure; noninvasive cardiac output by thoracic electrical bioimpedance (Bioz, Cardio Dynamics); forearm mediated vasodilation (FMD), which is a non-invasive assessment of endothelial function; collect venous endothelial cells; and measure microvascular perfusion using an Octafluoropropane microbubble contrast agent (Definity). To obtain FMD, the brachial artery will be imaged using ultrasound. After a clear picture has been obtained, the cuff on the same arm will be inflated until it is tight for five minutes. During and following this, the subject's arm will continue to be imaged to monitor maximal increase in the brachial artery diameter. To collect endothelial cells, a thin wire will be inserted in the vein to collect cells from the inner lining of the vein. The cells collected will be processed and stained for several proteins involved in endothelial cell function, using immunofluorescent technique. To assess the microvascular perfusion in the skeletal muscle, a contrast agent (Definity) will be administered at baseline and after 5 minutes of rhythmic hand grip exercise at 30% of maximal voluntary contraction. The investigators will then randomize our subjects to receive 12 weeks of Metoprolol or Nebivolol, using a cross over design. There will be a 4 week washout period between the two treatments. During the washout period, subjects will be followed after 2 weeks of drug withdrawal. Subjects found to have BP > 140/90 mmHg then, will be started on hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) at 25 mg once daily. Then subjects will be asked to return in 2 weeks. At that time HCTZ will be stopped if started in the earlier visit, and subject will be switched to the remaining treatment (Nebivolol or Metoprolol). Then, the investigators will assess microvascular perfusion in the skeletal muscle at rest and during handgrip exercise, endothelial function (FMD), and changes in endothelial cell protein expression after 12 weeks of Nebivolol and after 12 weeks of Metoprolol treatment in the same subjects.
- NCT #
- Forest Laboratories
- Principal Investigator: Wanpen Vongpatanasin, MD UT Southwestern Medical Center