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13 active trials for Wheezing

Using Specific Tests in Preschool Children With Wheeze to Help us Determine the Necessity of Inhaled Corticosteroid Therapy (Feasibility Study).

Wheezing is common in preschool children and affects quality of life. Although asthma treatments such as inhaled steroids (ICS), which reduce swelling (inflammation) in the airways are used in this age group, they are often ineffective. That is because only some preschool children have the type of inflammation (known as Type 2 inflammation) that responds to ICS, thus many children are being unnecessarily exposed to side effects. It is difficult diagnosing Type 2 inflammation through history and examination, thus other indicators are needed to ensure ICS are only given to children who will benefit. These indicators are commonly known as biomarkers, and we are trying to find out if they are useful. We want to measure three biomarkers, without changing children's treatment. The first is blood eosinophils. which can be measured using a finger prick sample (like the blood drop used for measuring sugar levels in diabetic children). The second is to determine if allergic sensitization is present to allergens that are breathed in; these will be house dust mite, grass pollen, tree pollen, cat and dog hair. The final biomarker is a molecule that is produced in the airways of preschool children with Type 2 inflammation, called nitric oxide (NO). This is easily obtained, by having children breathe through a mask and collecting their breath in a bag, measuring NO later on. The children will be followed up with monthly electronic questionnaires and 3-monthly visits (virtual or face-to-face) for a year to evaluate whether these markers individually or in combination relate to subsequent wheezing outcomes, and how acceptable the measurements are to families using a questionnaire and focus group approach. The results will form the basis of the design of a national trial of biomarker-driven therapy in such children.

Start: September 2021
Respiratory Outcome of Infants With or Without Documented Wheezing During Bronchiolitis

Hospital admission for infant bronchiolitis is associated with an increased risk of recurrent wheezing and subsequent asthma in childhood. In the literature, 17 to 60% of children will develop repeated wheezing (infant asthma in France). This highly variable incidence could be linked in part to the fact that the definition of bronchiolitis varies between continents. In Europe the usual definition is an acute and contagious viral infection which affects the bronchioles (small bronchi) of infants accompanied by coughing, rapid breathing and wheezing. In research studies, bronchiolitis must be associated with wheezing and / or crackles on auscultation in Europe, and wheezing imperatively in the USA. The diagnosis of wheezing is difficult, and medical agreement on auscultatory respiratory abnormalities is poor. We thus have developed a wheezing diagnostic tool using artificial intelligence processing of respiratory sound recordings by smartphone (Bokov P, Comput Biol Med 2016, DOI: 10.1016/j.compbiomed.2016.01.002). In a second larger bicentric study that included only infants suspected of bronchiolitis, our approach has consisted in obtaining a recording by smartphone but also by electronic stethoscope in order to allow deferred listening of the sounds (WheezSmart study). The objective of these studies was to obtain a formal diagnosis of wheezing, the current project aims to assess the benefit of this diagnosis. The main objective of this cross-sectional study is to determine whether the formal presence (diagnosis of wheezing from a recording of pulmonary auscultation) is associated with the risk of childhood asthma (diagnosis of asthma at 6 years) regardless of the usual risk factors (atopic / allergic terrain, exposure to smoking, recurrence of symptoms). The secondary objectives are to determine whether the formal presence of wheezing on auscultation is a risk factor for subsequent repeated wheezing (diagnosis of infant asthma) and for initial disease severity (bronchiolitis) compared to SpO2 and admission of the child to hospital. The interest in differentiating between high and low frequency sibilants will be evaluated also.

ParisStart: April 2021