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59 active trials for Ventricular Tachycardia

SMART Identification of Ventricular Tachycardia Isthmus

Context : Ventricular tachycardia (VT) are serious heart rhythm disorders which can lead to sudden death. A curative treatment for these abnormalities in the cardiac electrical conduction system is possible through an interventional electrophysiology procedure. A catheter is inserted, generally via a femoral access, and is introduced in the heart ventricles in order to collect various 3D electro-anatomical maps. The pace-mapping technique developed in Nancy (de Chillou et al, Heart Rhythm 2014) allows the reentrant circuit underlying the VT to be identified, as well as a definition of the target zones to be ablated, using radiofrequency energy with the catheter. The pace-mapping technique consists of stimulating the ventricle from various sites within its internal surface, in order to generate different activation pathways of the myocardium. When an activation pathway is similar to the VT pathway, this means that the stimulation site is located near the pathologic zone to be ablated. The surface electrocardiogram (ECG) is used to compare activation pathways. A 3D correlation ma is then generated: the zones with high correlation (>90%) indicated the exit of the reentrant circuit, while rapid transition zones (several %/mm) indicate the entrance of the VT circuit. The pace-mapping technique has several limitations: (i) it requires an ECG recording of the clinical VT of the patient (spontaneous or induced at the beginning of the procedure), however it is not always possible to induce it; (ii) sometimes several VT circuits may be present, rendering the procedure of identification and ablation non-exhaustive. The aim of this study is to analyze retrospectively electroanatomical data collected during the intervention, in order to develop a new method for identifying target zones to be ablated, and to compare the results with the conventionally used method. Hypothesis : The investigators hypothesize that alternative methods to analyze electroanatomical data (surface ECG and spatial coordinates of the pacing sites) could provide information equivalent to conventional methods (e.g. VT correlation map, VT activation maps etc…) without the need for a reference recording of the clinical VT of the patient.

Start: April 2018
South Asian Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy Registry

Arrhythmogenic Cardiomyopathy (ACM) is increasingly identified as an important cause of cardiac morbidity and mortality, especially of SCD, in a younger population. Although there are no epidemiological data available, the investigators' experience is that in the North Indian region, ACM is rare outside our regions. ACM is also an understudied cardiac disorder in the South-Asian region. An ethnic nonmigratory population inhabits the two regions, and consanguineous marriages are common. Based on these observations, the investigators firmly believe that there may be a founder gene in our populations responsible for the increased incidence of ACM. Our project includes a thorough phenotypic analysis ((ECG, Holter, and echocardiography) in the ACM patients and their first-degree relatives; cardiac MRI and high resolution endocardial bipolar and unipolar voltage mapping (using HD grid catheter) in the patients. The patient provided blood for the extraction of DNA will first undergo target panel sequencing for 20 known classic right-dominant ACM and left-dominant ACM. If this is negative for known pathogenic and likely pathogenic variants but identified novel variants of uncertain significance (VUS), then co-segregation analysis in family members will be performed. This technique can provide helpful information to reclassify VUSs. If both these are negative, then whole-exome 'trio' analysis will be performed, whch includes the proband and two family members, to triangulate from all 20,000 genes to a list of candidates for further interrogation. The investigators wish to provide comprehensive answers to the research question by combining the genetic analysis with phenotypic evaluation.

Start: April 2021
Mayo AVC Registry and Biobank

Arrhythmogenic ventricular cardiomyopathy (AVC) is a genetic condition which affects the heart and can lead to heart failure and rhythm problems, of which, sudden cardiac arrest or death is the most tragic and dangerous. Diagnosis and screening of blood-relatives is very difficult as the disease process can be subtle, but sufficient enough, so that the first event is sudden death. The Mayo Clinic AVC Registry is a collaboration between Mayo Clinic, Rochester, USA and Papworth Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals, Cambridge, UK. The investigators aim to enroll patients with a history of AVC or sudden cardiac death which may be due to AVC, from the US and UK. Family members who are blood-relatives will also be invited, including those who do not have the condition. Data collected include symptoms, ECG, echocardiographic, MRI, Holter, loop recorder, biopsies, exercise stress testing, blood, buccal and saliva samples. Objectives of the study: Discover new genes or altered genes (variants) which cause AVC Identify biomarkers which predict (2a) disease onset, (2b) disease progression, (2c) and the likelihood of arrhythmia (ventricular, supra-ventricular and atrial fibrillation) Correlate genotype with phenotype in confirmed cases of AVC followed longitudinally using clinical, electrocardiographic and imaging data. Characterize desmosomal changes in buccal mucosal cells with genotype and validate with gold-standard endomyocardial biopsies

Start: January 2016
Prognosis Impact of NSVTs After an AMI (TeVeO Study).

Nowadays, Sudden Cardiac Death (SCD) due to malignant arrhythmias is an important cause of death among acute myocardial infarction (AMI) survivors. Preventive strategies with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICD) are the best clinical option for patients, but associated sociosanitary impact in the National Health Systems and the fact that current implant strategy not always results in benefits for the patient requires to develop further selection criteria. The TeVeO project aims to study the events that take place early following an AMI to predict the short- and long-term risk of experiencing a potentially lethal ventricular tachycardia (VT). The project will carry out an observational and multicentric study involving 5 different hospitals to: a) qualitative and quantitative characterize non-sustained VTs (NSVT) that take place during the first 6 months after an AMI and b) characterize the evolution of the substrate (scar and surrounding tissue) in patients meeting criteria for ICD implant. Patients included in the study will be implanted with an implantable loop recorder (ILR) in order to register NSVT and cMRI images will be acquired prior to hospital discharge and at 6 months after AMI to study the substrate. Further patients' management will follow the protocols within each entity. Project results will allow us to stratify patients according to identified risks for developing malignant VT, which will improve patient selection for ICD implantation and will contribute to tailor patients' treatment and prevention, improving the cost-effectiveness of these devices and minimizing their associated problems and sociosanitary burden.

Start: August 2020