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248 active trials for Ulcerative Colitis

The PRognostic Effect of Environmental Factors in Crohn's and Colitis

The PREdiCCt Study: This is a major study that is now being launched. This is the first study of its kind and is specifically directed toward understanding how environmental factors and the gut microorganisms influence IBD flare and recovery. For the PREdiCCt study, the investigators hope to recruit 3100 people in remission from Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis (illness under control) from 28 inflammatory bowel disease clinics across the UK. The investigators hope to conduct the study in the following stages;- Patients with Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis or inflammatory bowel disease unclassified (IBDU) in clinical remission (under control) will be approached in gastroenterology clinics across the country and invited to take part in the PREdiCCt study. Alternatively they will express their interest in the study after seeing PREdiCCt promotional leaflets/posters/videos/social media. Participants will attend a clinic visit for routine tests and also to complete several questionnaires with a research nurse. At home over the next week participants will complete detailed questionnaires assessing their environment and diet. Participants will also collect a stool and saliva sample and send this to our laboratories (the investigators have developed easy ways of doing this reliably by post). The stool sample is to analyse the microorganisms in the participant's gut and the saliva is used to analyse their DNA. In addition to this the participants are asked to complete a 4-day weighed food diary. The food diary is sent to the University of Aberdeen for analysis. Investigators will then follow patients' progress over 24 months. They will be asked to complete a short questionnaire every month with a longer questionnaire after 12 months and culminating in a final questionnaire 24 months after their initial clinic visit. If a participant experiences a flare, investigators will collect an additional stool sample; but most importantly investigators will look to see how the environmental and microorganism factors recorded at the beginning differ for those that flare up versus those that don't. What investigators hope to achieve;- Finding out the environmental and dietary factors for patients to avoid because they trigger flare. Finding out behaviours for patients to adopt because they bring about remission. Finding out what the microorganisms that predict flare look like. Gaining information which helps future studies aimed at finding better diets for IBD sufferers. Developing ways of gathering information online from IBD patients about their well-being that doctors can routinely use. The investigators have assembled expert doctors, epidemiologists, microbiologists, nutrition scientists, and bioinformaticians. These experts will use the systems the investigators have put in place to make sure PREdiCCt succeeds. It will yield a lot of new information to help sufferers right away; but the information will also help to kick start many important future studies that will bring us ever closer to a cure for Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

Bury Saint EdmundsStart: October 2016
Real Life Remote Monitoring of Mild, Moderate and Severe Infectious Complications in IBD by Patient Reported Assessment

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic relapsing immune mediated inflammatory disease (IMID) of the gastrointestinal tract. Like all IMIDs (e.g. rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis) a complex interaction between a genetically altered immune response, the gut microbiota and environmental factors is causing the disease. Systemic suppression of the immune response with corticosteroids, immunomodulatory, biologicals and combination therapies increases the risk of opportunistic infections in IBD patients. Data on mild and moderate infections in medically treated IBD patients is scarce, mainly since infections treated by the general practitioner or in an outpatient setting are not systematically registered in real life. To help gastroenterologists with clinical decision making, real world data with long term follow-up concerning the risk for infectious complications, is warranted. Several observations underline the importance of real world data on mild and moderate infections in medically treated IBD patients. Mild and moderate infections mostly have a benign course, but they take longer to clear and have a large impact on (work)disability and quality of life in IBD patients. Recurrent infections influences peoples willingness to use a drug and negatively effects adherence. Furthermore, recurring mild and moderate infections might prognosticate serious infections, and systematic assessment of all infections could be used to timely adjust treatment regimens and prevent serious infections. The investigators of this study previously developed a questionnaire on self-reported infections according to the FDA guideline for patient-reported outcome measures (PROM) by interviewing 36 patients with IBD and through input of expert meetings with gastroenterologists, IBD specialists, rheumatologists, immunologists and IBD-nurses. This questionnaire has already been implemented in myIBDcoach, a validated telemedicine system implemented in routine care for over 4000 patients with IBD in the Netherlands. Assesment of reliability and validity are the last steps in validation of this remote monitoring tool. In the current study the investigators aim to: Assess the reliability, construct validity and criterion validity of a remote monitoring tool (questionnaire) for infections as last step in the validation Assess the relative risk of all infections (mild, moderate and severe) in a real-life population for IBD patients on different maintenance treatments Identify the predictors and risk factors of mild and moderate infections. Assess the relation between patient reported infections and the risk for serious infectious complications

MaastrichtStart: June 2020