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19 active trials for Thumb Osteoarthritis

Effectiveness of a Tele-Rehabilitation Evidence-based Tablet App for Rehabilitation in Traumatic Bone and Soft Injuries of the Hand, Wrist and Fingers.

Trauma and soft injuries of the wrist, hand and fingers have a high incidence, and large social and healthcare costs are generated, mainly due to productivity loss. Therapeutic exercises must be part of the treatment and in the last 10 years the scientific literature highlights the need for the inclusion of the sensorimotor system in both surgical and rehabilitative approaches. Current methods as leaflets or videos lacks of adherence control, evolution control and knowledge of how the patient do the exercises which compromise the expected results. Touch-screens of Tablet devices have showed a large potential to cover these needs and for the retraining of sensorimotor system. ReHand is a Tablet digital tool (Android and iOS) to prescribe and monitor exercise programs based on sensorimotor approach and developed under the guidelines of various healthcare professionals (hand surgeons, physiotherapists, rehabilitators and occupational therapists) to implement home exercise programs and monitor patients. Subjects are selected by emergency, hand surgery, rehabilitation and physiotherapy services of six hospitals from Andalusian Public Health Service through consecutive sampling. Concretely, patients over 18 years of age with trauma and soft injuries of the wrist, hand and fingers, no more than 10 days after surgery or removal of immobilization. Experimental group will receive access to ReHand app to perform a monitored home exercises program. Control group will receive the conventional method employed: a home exercise program in paper with recommendations. Clinical variables will be assessed at baseline before group allocation, 4 weeks, 3 months and 6 months. At the end of the study, cost-utility variables will be analyzed.

Start: January 2021
Distraction vs Interposition Arthroplasty for Basilar Thumb Osteoarthritis

Surgical management for osteoarthritis of the thumb is indicated when conservative measures have failed, and numerous techniques have been proposed. Distraction arthroplasty has been the gold standard due to lack of high quality evidence, which renders the benefits or harms of other techniques uncertain. The other treatment alternatives share at least partial excision of the trapezium, and include ligament reconstruction alone or with tendon interposition, allograft interposition arthroplasty, prosthetic implants and arthrodesis. A recent promising technique is the pillow technique, a type of interposition arthroplasty, which utilizes a fascia lata allograft as interposition material and stabilization with a K-wire. In view of the low quality evidence regarding the use of interposition material versus distraction arthroplasty alone, the investigators will compare the two methods in a prospective randomized study design. Hypothesis of the study is that interposition arthroplasty using the pillow technique yields better results in terms of functional improvement and grip strength when compared to the hematoma and distraction technique. The confirmation of the hypothesis is going to justify the use of the fascia lata in the procedure. On the contrary, if the pillow technique fails to yield clinically meaningful results, the recommendation of the hematoma and distraction technique will account for reducing the overall cost of the procedure, rendering the allograft redundant.

Start: April 2019