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89 active trials for Suicidal Ideation

Ask Suicide-Screening Questions (ASQ) for Youth With Autism Spectrum and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Background: Suicide is the second leading cause of death for young people ages 10-24 years. There is no gold standard for evaluating suicidal thoughts and behaviors in young people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or other neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD). Also, youth with ASD/NDD are often excluded from many research studies. Because of this, researchers need more data. They want to make sure they are asking the best questions for young people in clinics such as the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) clinic. They want to make sure they have the best data to determine if a person is at risk for hurting or killing himself or herself. Objective: To develop and assess the efficacy of a suicide screening tool for people with ASD/NDD. Eligibility: Youth ages 8 to 17 who are engaged in assessment or treatment at the NIMH for ASD or other NDD Design: Participants will fill out 4 questionnaires during a 1-hour meeting with study staff. They will answer questions about how they have been feeling. They will be asked if they think about or plan to hurt or kill themselves. They will also be asked if they have ever thought about it or planned it in the past. Other questions will assess their understanding of death. Participants can take a break if needed. Parents of the participants will be asked similar questions. Parents will be informed if their child has current thoughts of suicide. About 1 week after the initial assessment, parents will be contacted to fill out a follow-up questionnaire. It will take about 10 minutes to complete.

Start: June 2021
A Single Ketamine Infusion Combined With Music for Suicidal Ideation

Suicidal ideation (SI) associated with major and bipolar depression is commonly seen in a wide range of clinical practice situations including the emergency room (ER). Current treatment regimens are often unsatisfactory. About a third of patients fail to respond to currently available therapy, and there are no currently FDA indicated rapid acting treatments for SI. Suboptimal outcomes have triggered the search for new, well-tolerated and more effective forms of treatment. Small clinical trials suggest that low dose (0.5mg/kg) ketamine is safe and effective for SI. We believe adding music during ketamine infusion may reduce anxiety and lead to more reduced SI based on available evidence. We are testing the hypothesis that a single infusion of ketamine combined with music enhances tolerability and improves outcomes in the treatment of SI when combined with treatment as usual in a factorial study design. One treatment with Ketamine + music will be compared to compared to one-time treatment with ketamine alone, music alone, or treatment as usual. 50 individuals with a depressive episode and suicidal ideation will receive intravenous (IV) ketamine 0.5mg/kg infused over 40 minutes once with 60 minutes of music, 50 individuals will receive IV ketamine without music, 50 subjects will receive 60 minutes of music once, and 50 patients will receive treatment as usual without ketamine or music. We anticipate that the ketamine + music group will have statistically significant indices of improvement in the primary outcome, suicidal ideation scores on the Scale for Suicidal Ideation (SSI) 4 weeks after the ketamine infusion. Secondary outcomes will include depression scores on the MontgomeryÅsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) scale, adverse effects, and SSI scores at the end of 4 weeks. If, as we anticipate, the results indicate success of ketamine + music for SI, the work will identify new opportunities to more effectively manage patients with depression and suicidal ideation presenting to the ER.

Start: July 2021
Triple Chronotherapy in Adolescents

Study Purpose This study is a randomized controlled trial examining the effectiveness of TCT in the acute treatment of depression and suicidality in adolescents compared to usual treatment care, which includes individual and group therapy, and medication adjustments. All potential participants will be identified at admission to the Psychiatric Youth Inpatient Unit of Billings Clinic and invited to participate. The length of participation is 2 months. Study Design The primary research question of this RCT is whether adjunctive TCT in depressed adolescents is more effective in the management of depression symptoms and in reducing suicidal ideation at two months follow-up, than those adolescents who are receiving usual care. A total of three aims are proposed. Hypothesis: Adjunctive TCT is more effective in the management of depression symptoms and in reducing suicidal ideation at two month follow-up than those adolescents who are receiving usual care. The first aim is to track the trajectories of depression symptoms, suicidal ideation, and insomnia severity in participants receiving TCT and in those receiving treatment as usual over 4 days of initial treatment, thereby answering the question of whether adjunctive TCT can effectively reduce the severity of depression, insomnia and suicidal ideation. The second aim is to examine whether TCT is more effective than usual care in sustaining treatment effects to the end of study period (2 months follow-up), therefore answering the question whether the effectiveness of the 4-day intervention of adjunctive TCT arm is sustainable up to the end of a two-month follow-up. Hypothesis: TCT is more effective than usual care in sustaining treatment effects to the end of the study period than usual care. The third aim is to assess the link to the clinical outcomes (change in depression symptoms, suicidal ideation, insomnia severity, and disease-associated quality of life) and patient satisfaction with the treatment. Hypothesis: Clinical outcomes (depression symptoms, suicidal ideation, insomnia, and disease-related quality of life) and patient satisfaction are more effective than usual care alone.

Start: January 2019