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91 active trials for Substance Use Disorders

Illness Management and Recovery- a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial Within a Forensic Mental Inpatient Setting

The purpose of the study is to investigate the effects of a psychoeducational intervention program, Illness Management and Recovery (henceforth abbreviated as IMR), when administered to inpatient forensic mental health patients. IMR is a treatment program that can be administered in both a group and an individual format. It is designed for persons suffering from severe mental health problems and has two principal aims: 1. promoting participants´ capacity to manage and alleviate symptoms and functional impairment and 2. helping participants in formulating and attaining subjectively meaningful recovery goals. Forensic mental health inpatients receiving this treatment will be compared to patients who receive treatment as usual on a variety of outcome measures, such as clinician and self-rated levels of symptoms, function and perceived levels of hope. Furthermore, clinicians' experiences of working with the intervention will be investigated using a structured questionnaire regarding implementation processes and through an interview protocol. The study has 3 objectives: Investigating the effects of the treatment on the chosen outcome measures. Investigating the effects of potential moderators on treatment outcome. These moderators include: pre-treatment functional status measured by self and informant report, neuropsychological performance and pre-admission indicators of presence of criminogenic risk factors and everyday functioning. Investigating the experiences of staff working with the intervention, through the lense of Normalization Process Theory.

Start: September 2021
Neurobiological Effects of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation Treatment in Alcohol Use Disorder

Background: Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD) is a complex psychiatric disorder, involving several brain areas and neurocircuits. Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) allows to stimulate superficial areas of brain using a weak electrical current. Preliminary data suggest that tDCS may reduce alcohol craving and consumption. Objectives: The main outcome is to test if tDCS can reduce alcohol craving and use and to assess the changes in BDNF and pro-BDNF levels. Secondary outcomes are the assessment of other psychiatric dimensions (mood, behavioral and cognitive alterations) associated with prolonged alcohol use. Eligibility: Healthy, right-handed adults ages 18-65 who do have AUD (moderate to severe). Design: This is a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study with three phases: 1) a tDCS intensive treatment phase; 2) follow-up with weekly tDCS stimulation; 3) follow-up without tDCS stimulation. Participants will be screened with: Psychometric Scales Medical history Physical exam Urine tests and breathalyzer After being enrolled, baseline behavioral and laboratory data will be collected. In particular, participants will undergo: Psychometric Scales Venous blood sample (BDNF/proBDNF levels) Participants will be randomized to real or sham tDCS arm. The stimulation will be delivered daily for five days during the first week (intensive treatment phase) and then weekly for 3 months (follow-up with stimulation). During this period patient will be tested with a behavioral and psychometric evaluation.Therefore, participants will receive 3 follow-up monthly visits without tDCS stimulation, in which behavioral and psychometric data will be collected. Treatment includes: tDCS: The tDCS will be delivered with a stimulator connected to two sponge electrodes, soaked in a saline solution. The stimulation will be administered at a current intensity of approximately 1 mA, for the duration of 20 minutes. The anode will be placed on the right DLPFC, the cathode on the contralateral cortical area. BDNF/proBDNF levels: A venous blood sample will be collected before the first stimulation and after the last stimulation of the intensive-stimulation period (first week). The blood sample will be centrifuged within 20 minutes of sampling at 1000 × g for 15 minutes. Then, the serum will be aliquoted and stored at -80 ° C until analysis. Repeat of screening tests and questionnaires Urine toxicological screen and breathalyzer

Start: July 2021
Connect2BWell: An Evidence-Based Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) Program

This study will evaluate the effectiveness of the digital + telehealth Connect2BWell program among 336 safety net patients. Adults patients with an upcoming medical medical visit, and/or who screen positive for substance use disorder (SUD) during routine SBIRT screening during their visit, will receive an email invitation from the research team to complete an online risk assessment to assess study eligibility. The assessment will include the Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (ASSIST). Patients scoring in the moderate- or high-risk range for one or more drugs--including alcohol, excluding tobacco--and who meet all other study inclusion criteria, will alternately be assigned to the Connect2BWell Condition or a Comparison Condition. ASSIST scores will be sent to the patient's EHR. Patients assigned to the Treatment Condition will receive three brief online intervention sessions followed by dashboard-guided telehealth sessions with a study nurse, text messages, and access to a patient portal. Patients assigned to the Comparison Condition will receive an SBIRT session delivered via telehealth by a member of their clinic care team. Outcomes, assessed at baseline, 3, 6 and 9 months, include days of use of most problematic drug during the past 30 days, the ASSIST risk score of the most problematic drug, depression, well-being, satisfaction with care, and treatment uptake, if indicated. All patient-facing materials are available in English and Spanish.

Start: February 2021
Psychotherapy for PTSD Among Veterans Also Receiving Drug or Alcohol Treatment

Many people who have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) also struggle with problematic alcohol or drug use (substance use disorders [SUD]). Patients with both conditions prefer PTSD be treated alongside SUD. However, clinicians don't know if treatments that have been found to help those with PTSD work as well for people who also have SUD. This often leads to delaying PTSD treatment or using psychotherapies without research support. Trauma-focused psychotherapy (TFT) is the type of psychotherapy for PTSD that has been studied most often among people with both PTSD and SUD. It reduces symptoms of PTSD and substance use, although it might not work as well in those who have SUD as those who do not. Further, many patients with both PTSD and SUD do not complete TFT. Another strategy for treating PTSD is non-trauma-focused psychotherapy (NTFT). One NTFT, Present Centered Therapy, has been found to reduce symptoms of PTSD and more patients are able to complete NTFT than are able to finish TFT. However, no one has studied how well Present Centered Therapy works among patients who also have SUD. We will test which approach (TFT of NTFT) is better for reducing symptoms of PTSD and which is more likely to be completed by patients with both PTSD and SUD at VA healthcare facilities. We will also test to see whether some participants did better than others, so we can learn how to individualize treatment recommendations to patients. Participants will be assigned by chance to either TFT of NTFT. Patients assigned to TFT will receive either Prolonged Exposure or Cognitive Processing Therapy; both are weekly psychotherapies focused on addressing thoughts and/or memories related to their trauma. Those assigned to NTFT will receive Present Centered Therapy, a weekly psychotherapy in which patients learn about how PTSD relates to their current difficulties and problem solve current life difficulties. All participants will also receive SUD treatment. Participants will answer questions about their symptoms and experience with treatment before, right after they finish, and three and six months after they finish PTSD treatment. At the end of the study we will compare which treatment approach worked better to decrease PTSD symptom severity and which treatment patients were better able to complete. We will also track other outcomes that are important to patients (e.g., how they are doing in their relationships).

Start: December 2020
HIV + Service Delivery and Telemedicine Through Effective PROs

This study will examine the impact of using a multicomponent intervention (patient reported outcomes, training, and telemedicine) to assist with the management of Mental Health (MH) and Substance Use Disorders (SUD) among people living with HIV (PLWH) engaged in care at UAB HIV Clinic, University of Alabama Family Clinic (Birmingham, AL), Thrive Federally Qualified Health Services Center (Huntsville), Health Services Center (Anniston), Medical Advocacy and Outreach (Montgomery), and The University of South Alabama Family Specialty Clinic (Mobile). The study will employ a hybrid type 2 implementation design. Because this intervention will be employed as the new standard of care at participating sites, all PLWH receiving care at the sites will receive this intervention. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) will be integrated into routine care to screen PLWH for substance use and mental health disorders during routine clinical encounters. Training will be delivered to frontline clinicians so that they receive targeted knowledge on best practices for treatment of MH and SUD along with clinic-specific protocols for response to PROs on MH and SUD including treatment and referrals. Telemedicine services for MH and SUD will be offered to patients in need of expanded access to services due to a lack of clinic-level resources or additional barriers to traditional clinic visits such transportation, stigma, or substance using behaviors.

Start: March 2021
MIO-CPP to Improve the Well-being, Permanency, and Safety Outcomes for Young Children at Risk of or in Out-of-home Placement in Philadelphia and Bucks Counties, and Affected by Maternal Substance Use

The purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of a novel mother-child therapeutic model called MIO-CPP compared to CPP-only. The goal of MIO-CPP is to improve child well-being, permanency and safety, and reduce the risk for involvement in the child welfare system for children pre-birth to five who are affected by parental substance use disorders (SUD) and/or other mental health problems. The goal of the project is to improve child well-being, permanency and safety, and reduce the risk for involvement in the child welfare system for families with children pre-birth to five who are affected by parental substance use disorders (SUD) and/or other mental health problems. The project will integrate with SUD treatment programs for pregnant/parenting women and their children by providing two evidence based therapeutic models, Mothering from the Inside Out (MIO) and Child Parent Psychotherapy (CPP). MIO and CPP will promote the development of parental reflective functioning and strengthen parent/child attachment. The study will use a randomized control trial to test the effectiveness of MIO and CPP together (intervention) compared to CPP alone (controlled) on parent/caregiver well-being, child well-being, and family well-being. The study will assess and compare parental satisfaction as well as explore whether demographics, history of DHS involvement, and substance use treatment history affect the outcomes. MIO is an individual, 12-session, manualized, psychotherapeutic intervention. CPP is typically offered through weekly sessions with the mother-child dyad that last 1 to 1.5 hours. The MIO-CPP (intervention) model lasts 9 months and will begin with the standard 12 weeks of MIO for each mother, with the CPP assessment and engagement phase embedded during this time. This will be followed by the dyadic mother-child phase, the core intervention stage of CPP. The CPP (control) model will last for 9 months. The recruitment for study participants will stop when 170 mother-child dyads have enrolled in the study. Participants will be recruited from three substance use treatment facilities in Philadelphia and Bucks Counties: Caring Together at Drexel University, Interim House West, and Libertae, Inc. Data collection from participants will occur at four time points during the study: 1) when participants are enrolled; 2) 3 months following enrollment; 3) 6 months following enrollment; and 4) 9 months following enrollment or when the participant ends their participation in weekly therapy sessions if sooner than 9 months following enrollment. Study measures will include: 1) Parent/Caregiver Well-being: a) maternal reflective functioning, b) depression, anxiety, and trauma-related symptoms, c) parental substance use and move toward recovery; d) parenting stress; e) parent-child relationship; 2) Child Well-being: a) behavior problems, b) executive functions; c) socialization skills; 3) Family Well-being: a) child welfare involvement, b) reunifications. As part of this study, investigator will acquire administrative data about the safety and permanency of children and adult recovery for all study participants. The Primary Investigator will request substance use treatment data from the City of Philadelphia Department of Human Services, and Department of Behavioral Health and Department of Behavioral Health and Intellectual disAbilities. The requested data elements will include whether the study child has a child welfare record, the types of allegations of abuse or neglect, and when the allegations occurred (from birth to present day). Additionally, investigators will request all available substance use treatment records will be requested for adults who are a part of a study case for the year prior to enrollment in the study to one year following their enrollment in the study.

Start: January 2020