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3 active trials for Stigma
Health Outcomes by Neighborhood - Baltimore
Background: - Researchers have been studying patterns of mood and drug use in specific neighborhoods. This study will look at environmental factors that may affect drug use, addiction, and treatment seeking in Baltimore neighborhoods. The results could inform prevention efforts, enhance treatment interventions, and improve substance use outcomes. Objectives: - To better understand why some people start to use drugs, why some people who use drugs become addicted, and why some people who become addicted enter treatment. Eligibility: - Individuals at least 18 years of age who are living in the neighborhoods participating in the study. Design: Participants will be screened with a physical exam and medical history. They will be separated into one of four groups: (1) people who do not use drugs, (2) people who have used drugs in the past, (3) people who are using drugs and want treatment, and (4) people who are using drugs and do not want treatment. This study will include two outpatient visits about 12 months apart. Each visit will last about 5 hours. Each study visit may be done in 1 day or in 2 days. At each study visit, participants will provide blood, breath, urine, and saliva samples. They will also have a heart function test and body measurements. They will complete questionnaires about personal and family history. There will be monthly follow-up phone calls between the two visits.Start: July 2012
Promoting Reductions in Intersectional StigMa (PRISM) - GHANA
HIV prevalence among men with have sex with men (MSM) in Ghana is at least eight times higher than that of the general population (2%). MSM in Ghana face high levels of stigma due to HIV status (actual or perceived), same-sex behavior, and gender non-conformity. These stigmas are documented barriers to HIV prevention and treatment. In our preliminary work in Ghana (N=137), one-third of MSM had never been tested for HIV. This study is a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability and estimate effect size of a multi-component, multi-level (organizational, interpersonal, and intrapersonal-level) intersectional stigma-reduction intervention to increase HIV testing frequency among MSM in Ghana where HIV, same-sex behavior and gender non-conformity are highly stigmatized. To date, stigma-reduction interventions in Ghana have focused on uni-level targets (e.g., health care facilities (HCFs)) and addressed one type of stigma (e.g., HIV), without engaging the intersectional character of the multiple stigmas that MSM encounter. Our specific aims are: to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a novel multi-component, multi-level intervention to address intersectional stigma. to estimate effect size of the intervention for scale up to a definitive efficacy trial. Our primary endpoint are: For MSM: HIV testing, intervention feasibility and acceptability For HCFs: intervention feasibility, acceptability and appropriateness Our secondary endpoints are: MSM: Intersectional stigma reduction HCF: Intersectional stigma reduction This study will combine three theory-based interventions that were previously implemented separately in Ghana for reducing stigma at HCF-level, increasing HIV testing at the peer group-level, and increasing peer social support at the individual-level. Convergence Framework will be used for combining interventions. The ADAPT-ITT framework guides our approach to enhancing the interventions' content on intersectional stigma. To achieve these aims a systematic adaptation that will be used to refine the individually developed HCF, peer- and individual-level interventions to produce a comprehensive multi-level intersectional stigma reduction intervention.Start: October 2020
Training Church Leaders in Mental Health First Aid
The purpose of this study is to train Church Leaders and other community members in Mental Health First Aid (MHFA), which is an evidence-based public mental health education program. MHFA has been found to improve people's recognition of emotional and mental health challenges and to increase people's confidence in providing help to others. Information about MHFA can be accessed at http://www.mentalhealthfirstaid.org. MHFA consists an 8-hour training program in which participants will be provided a manual, learn the signs and symptoms of common mental health problems, and learn a 5-step action plan to help someone in an emotional crisis. Participants ware recruited from faith-based organizations (i.e., churches), health care organizations (i.e., hospitals), and other community based organizations. There will be no treatment directly provided as part of this study.Start: February 2016