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87 active trials for Soft Tissue Sarcoma

ADI-PEG 20 in Combination With Gemcitabine and Docetaxel for the Treatment of Soft Tissue Sarcoma, Osteosarcoma, Ewing's Sarcoma, and Small Cell Lung Cancer

The investigators have recently demonstrated that argininosuccinate synthase 1 (ASS1) expression is silenced in 88% of all sarcomas (n=708), and that this loss is associated with a decreased overall survival. Using the extracellular arginine depleting enzyme PEGylated arginine deiminase (ADI-PEG20), an extracellular arginine depleting enzyme, the investigators demonstrated ADI-PEG20 induces a prosurvival metabolic reprogramming in ASS1-deficient sarcomas that redirects glucose into the serine/folate pathway directing the carbons from glucose into pyrimidine biosynthesis, thus sensitizing cells to death by the pyrimidine antimetabolite gemcitabine by using metabolomics. The synthetic lethality was increased by the addition of docetaxel. Therefore a phase II clinical trial of ADI with gemcitabine and docetaxel, a standard second line therapy for soft tissue sarcoma will be conducted to determine if the clinical benefit rate of gemcitabine and docetaxel is improved by the metabolic changes induced by ADI-PEG20. Recently published data shows that priming ASS1-deficient tumors with ADI-PEG 20 and docetaxel improves the effect of gemcitabine. Therefore, a cohort of patients consisting of ten patients diagnosed with either osteosarcoma or Ewing's sarcoma (ideally five of each), and five patients diagnosed with small cell lung cancer will be included as an exploratory cohort. Enrollment to Cohort 2 will occur concurrently with Cohort 1.

Start: May 2018