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193 active trials for Smoking Cessation

Mobile Contingency Management for Smoking Cessation

The purpose of the proposed project is to evaluate an automated mobile phone-based CM approach that will allow socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals to remotely benefit from financial incentives for smoking cessation. The investigators have previously combined technologies including 1) portable carbon monoxide monitors that connect with mobile phones to remotely verify smoking abstinence, 2) facial recognition software to confirm participant identity during breath sample submissions, and 3) remote delivery of incentives automatically triggered by biochemical confirmation of self-reported abstinence. This automated CM approach will be evaluated in a randomized controlled trial that includes 532 socioeconomically disadvantaged males and females seeking smoking cessation treatment. Participants will be randomly assigned to either telephone counseling and nicotine replacement therapy (standard care [SC]) or SC plus a mobile financial incentives intervention (CM) for biochemically-confirmed abstinence. Participants will be followed for 26 weeks after a scheduled quit attempt. Biochemically-verified 7-day point prevalence abstinence at 26 weeks post-quit will be the primary outcome variable. Cost-effectiveness will be evaluated to inform policy-related decisions. Potential mobile CM treatment mechanisms, including self-efficacy, motivation, and treatment engagement, will be explored to optimize future versions of the intervention.

Start: October 2021
Small Financial Incentives to Promote Smoking Cessation

The primary objectives of this study are 1) to evaluate the longer-term impact of an adjunctive, low-cost financial incentives intervention (relative to standard care) on smoking abstinence rates among socioeconomically disadvantaged individuals participating in a clinic-based smoking cessation program and 2) to identify treatment mechanisms and contextual factors associated with cessation outcomes among intervention participants using both traditional and ecological momentary assessment approaches. Those randomized to the financial incentives intervention will have the opportunity to earn small gift cards for biochemically-verified abstinence through 12 weeks post-quit. We hypothesize that individuals who are randomly assigned to the adjunctive CM intervention will have significantly higher rates of biochemically-verified abstinence at the 26-week post-quit follow-up than those assigned to Usual Care. In addition, we hypothesize that several factors related to socioeconomic disadvantage will be directly associated with non-abstinence, especially greater stress/adversity, limited psychosocial resources, greater negative affect, greater nicotine dependence, and poorer treatment adherence. The primary study endpoints will include self-reported tobacco use/abstinence, expired carbon monoxide (CO) levels (i.e., the amount of carbon monoxide present in an individual's breath when they breathe out), and saliva cotinine levels at 26 weeks post-quit attempt, though smoking status will be assessed at all visits. Traditional questionnaire measurement and ecological momentary assessment (EMA) will be utilized to measure potential treatment mechanisms including motivation, self-efficacy, and treatment adherence. Other variables including stress/adversity, psychosocial resources, negative affect, nicotine dependence, and treatment adherence will also be assessed.

Start: January 2017
Development and Assessment of a Teacher-led Intervention in Preventing Tobacco Use Among the Youth in Ghana

The main purpose of this experimental study is to compare the existing health education program for School Health and Education Program (SHEP) in the Junior High Schools with a new health education model (Smart-Kids') for the prevention of smoking initiation and to improve the quit rate among students in Upper East Region of Ghana. The intervention will be based on the Theory of Triadic Influences (TTI) which involves the cultural environment in which adolescents mature, their immediate social situation, and intrapersonal differences. These three factors impact through different mediating variables, such as attitudes, normative beliefs, and self-efficacy, which eventually affect smoking intentions and smoking behavior as the outcome measures. The study design is a cluster randomized control trial. After baseline assessment, the investigators will randomize schools to receive the new health education for three months whiles the comparator (control group) will continue with the usual health education. The investigators will conduct a post-intervention assessment using the same questionnaire with unique identity codes linking each participant to their baseline assessments immediately at the end of the intervention. Final assessment will be done approximately three months after the intervention. The investigators will assess and compare the effectiveness of the new health model to the normal health promotion programs (SHEP). The investigators hypothesized that there will be no significant differences observed between the new teacher-led health education program (the Smart-Kids Program) and the existing SHEP coordinator-led in preventing smoking uptake among the youth. Alternatively, the new teacher-led health education program would facilitate the effects of the program on outcomes. on four key primary endpoints as follows: H1: The intervention study will result in a 30% reduction in smoking uptake H2: The intervention study will result in a 10% reduction in smokers H3. The intervention will increase knowledge of the harmful effects of tobacco use by 50% H4. The intervention will increase the willingness to quit smoking by 10% among smokers

Start: June 2021