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137 active trials for Small Cell Lung Cancer

Trial of EP0057, a Nanoparticle Camptothecin With Olaparib in People With Relapsed/Refractory Small Cell Lung Cancer

Background: EP0057 consists of a sugar molecule cyclodextrin linked to a chemotherapy drug called camptothecin. The combined molecule or "nanoparticle drug conjugate" travels through the blood. Once inside cancer cells, the chemotherapy drug is released from the molecule. Olaparib is a drug that may stop cancer cells from repairing the DNA damage caused by chemotherapy. Researchers want to see how safe it is to give EP0057 and olaparib together and to see how well the combination treats a specific type of lung cancer called small cell lung cancer (SCLC). Objectives: To test the safety and maximum dose of EP0057 and olaparib together. To test how well they treat small cell lung cancer. Eligibility: Adults 18 and older with small cell lung cancer. Design: Participants will be screened with standard cancer care tests. Participants will get the 2 study drugs in 28-day cycles. EP0057 will be given every 2 weeks, through a small plastic tube in an arm vein. Olaparib will be taken by mouth twice a day most days. Participants will keep a pill diary. For Cycle 1, participants will have 3 visits. All other cycles will have 2 visits. At study visits, participants may have: Blood and hair samples taken History and Physical exam Questions about health and side effects Pregnancy test Optional tumor biopsy where a piece of tumor is removed by needle after numbing the skin. CT scan Injection of EP0057 (twice per cycle) Olaparib prescription <TAB> Participants will have a follow-up visit 4 weeks after finish taking the drugs. They will have a physical exam and blood tests. They may have a tumor biopsy. The study team will call the patient every 3 months for follow up after completing the study treatment.

Start: May 2016
PLX038 (PEGylated SN38) and Rucaparib in Solid Tumors and Small Cell Cancers

Background: Drugs known as PARP inhibitors are known to help stop tumor growth in patients with breast, ovarian cancers and many other cancers including prostate and pancreatic cancers. Many research studies done in animals and human cells have shown that these type of drugs can improve how well chemotherapy works. Standard chemotherapy can be too toxic to be combined with PARP inhibitors. In this study, we use a new form of chemotherapy called PLX038 to see if it can be safely combined with PARP inhibitors to shrink tumors. Objective: To find a safe combination of PLX038 and rucaparib, and to see if this mix will cause tumors to shrink. Eligibility: People age 18 and older with solid tumors, SCLC, or small cell cancer outside their lungs. Design: Participants will be screened with: Physical exam Blood tests Records of their diagnosis (or they will have a tumor biopsy) A review of their symptoms and medications A review of their ability to perform their normal activities Electrocardiograms to measure the electrical activity of the heart Computed tomography (CT) scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis. CT scans are a series of X-rays. Participants will get PLX038 by intravenous catheter on Day 1 of each cycle (1 cycle = 21 days). For this, a small plastic tube is put into an arm vein. They will take rucaparib twice daily by mouth on Days 3 to 19 of each cycle. They will keep a medicine diary. Participants may give a hair sample. They may have optional tumor biopsies. Screening tests are repeated throughout the study. About 30 days after treatment ends, participants will have a safety follow-up visit. They will give blood samples, talk about their health, and get a physical exam. Then they will be called or emailed every 6 months....

Start: April 2020
A Study of HC-5404-FU to Establish the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD)

Study HC-404-FCP-2011 is a first in human, Phase 1a, multi-center, open-label study to establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and evaluate the safety and tolerability of oral dosing of HC-5404-FU in a dose-escalating fashion. Up to 24 qualified subjects at 3 to 5 US sites, who have specific tumor types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), gastric cancer (GC), metastatic breast cancer (MBC), small cell lung cancer (SCLC), and other solid tumors (e.g., non-small cell lung cancer, colorectal cancer, carcinoma of unknown primary) with the exception of rapidly progressing neoplasms (e.g., pancreatic cancer, glioblastoma, hepatocellular carcinoma) will receive HC-5404-FU. Every effort will be made to ensure approximately 50% of all subjects enrolled will be subjects with RCC and GC. The starting dose level is 25 mg twice daily (BID), escalating to 50, 100, and 200 mg BID as safety allows, following the Bayesian Optimal Interval (BOIN) design. If MTD is not reached even at the maximum dose level (200 mg BID is well tolerated), a higher dose level may be evaluated based on the safety monitoring committee (SMC) recommendations after a comprehensive review of the PK, safety, and efficacy data generated from the study. This Phase 1a will be expanded into a Phase 1b/2a study through a protocol amendment and will then assess the dose and tumor type(s) selected in Phase 1a as the most appropriate for further clinical development. Subjects will be dosed until unacceptable toxicity, disease progression per immune-related Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (iRECIST), subject withdrawal, any other administrative reasons, or after 2 years of treatment, whichever occurs first. Efficacy will be assessed via Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors 1.1 (RECIST 1.1); computed tomography (CT) scans will be conducted every 6 weeks. Safety, including occurrence of dose-limiting toxicities (DLTs), pharmacokinetics (PK), and biomarker parameters will also be assessed.

Start: June 2021
M7824 and Topotecan or Temozolomide in Relapsed Small Cell Lung Cancers

BACKGROUND: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive cancer with a poor prognosis. Although highly responsive to chemotherapy initially, SCLC relapses quickly and becomes refractory to treatment within a few months. The inability to destroy residual SCLC cells despite initial chemosensitivity suggests the existence of a highly effective DNA damage response network. SCLC is also characterized by high DNA replication stress (RB1 inactivation, MYC and CCNE1 activation). There is only one FDA approved treatment for patients with relapsed SCLC after first-line chemotherapy: topotecan, which inhibits religation of topoisomerase I-mediated single-strand DNA breaks leading to lethal double-strand DNA breaks. Temozolomide, an oral alkylating agent, which causes DNA damage by alkylating guanine at position O6 also has activity in relapsed SCLC, particularly for brain metastases. Preliminary evidence indicates that disruption of the immune checkpoint PD-1/PD-L1 pathway can yield responses in a subset of SCLC patients, but response rates (approximately equal to 10%) are lower than NSCLC and other tumors with comparable tumor mutational burden indicating additional immunosuppressive mechanisms at play in the SCLC tumor microenvironment. M7824 is a bifunctional fusion protein consisting of an anti-programmed death ligand 1 (PDL1) antibody and the extracellular domain of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) receptor type 2, a TGF-beta trap. Safety data from the dose-escalation study in solid tumors as well as preliminary data from expansion cohorts show that M7824 has a safety profile similar to other checkpoint inhibiting compounds. Combining immunotherapy, and chemotherapy could synergistically improve the anticancer activity of immunotherapy. Combination of chemotherapy with immunotherapy have improved outcomes in NSCLC and melanoma leading to FDA approvals of such combinations. We hypothesize that increased DNA damage induced by topotecan and temozolomide will complement the anti-tumor activity of M7824, in recurrent SCLC. OBJECTIVE: - The primary objective of the trial is to determine the efficacy (using objective response rate) of M7824 plus topotecan or temozolomide in relapsed SCLC. ELIGIBILITY: Subjects with histological or cytological confirmation of SCLC. Subjects must be greater than or equal to 18 years of age and have a performance status (ECOG) less than or equal to 2. Subjects must not have received chemotherapy, or undergone major surgery within 2 weeks and radiotherapy within 24 hours prior to enrollment. Subjects must have adequate organ function and measurable disease. DESIGN: Arm A (M7824 monotherapy): Up to 10 patients may be treated with M7824 monotherapy to obtain safety and PK data, and a preliminary estimate of clinical responses to M7824 in SCLC. Patients with progressive disease on Arm A may then receive M7824 plus temozolomide as per description of treatment for Arm C. Arm B (M7824 plus topotecan) and Arm C (M7824 plus temozolomide) will be administered in 3 and 4-week cycles respectively; these arms will have a safety run-in followed by efficacy analysis. Up to 10 patients with extrapulmonary small cell cancer will be enrolled in arm C to receive the combination of M7824 and temozolomide. Optional tumor biopsies will be obtained at pre-treatment on C1D1 and C1D15 for Arm C; pre-treatment on C1D1 and C2D1 for arms A and B. Every subject of each arm of the safety run-in will be observed for at least 7 days after first dose of M7824 before the subsequent subject can be treated. Subjects who are not evaluable for DLT will be replaced and not included into evaluation ARMS: Arm A (3-week cycles): M7824 monotherapy 2400 mg every 3 weeks until disease progression or a criterion in Protocol is met. Patients with progressive disease on Arm A may then receive 1200 mg M7824 every 2 weeks plus temozolomide 200 mg/m^2/day on days 1-5 every 4 weeks. Arm B (3-week cycles): M7824 2400 mg plus topotecan 1 mg/m2 on days 1-5 every 3 weeks until disease progression or a criterion in Protocol is met. Arm C (4-week cycles): M7824 1200 mg every 2 weeks plus temozolomide 200 mg/m2/day on days 1-5 every 4 weeks until disease progression or a criterion in Protocol is met. Dose de-escalation Schedule Arm B Dose Level: M7824 - Topotecan Level 1 2400 mg every 3 weeks - 1 mg/m(2) on days 1-5 every 3 weeks Level-1 2400 mg every 3 weeks - 0.75 mg/m(2) on days 1-5 every weeks Dose de-escalation Schedule Arm C Dose Level: M7824 - Temozolomide Level 1200 mg every 2 weeks - 200 mg/m(2)/day on days 1-5 every 4 weeks Level-1 1200 mg every 2 weeks - 150 mg/m(2) day on days 1-5 every 4 weeks

Start: September 2018