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185 active trials for Pregnancy

Treatment of Anxiety in Pregnancy Study

Anxiety Disorders or Depressive Disorders with anxiety, affect about 3/5 pregnancies. It is known that if left untreated, these disorders are associated with poor delivery outcomes, ongoing mental illness, and negative effects on the child. The COVID-19 pandemic has created heightened anxiety in many people especially the most vulnerable. As a result, the investigators have seen that pregnant women report even higher rates of anxiety than in the past. Talk therapy is recommended but is underused in part because it takes a long time to learn and use. The COVID crisis has added another layer of complexity in that in-person treatment is not routinely available. The investigator team has adapted a talk therapy treatment, "Mindful adaptive practice in pregnancy (MAPP)" where women are taught skills to reduce anxiety. This treatment is done virtually over the internet in a synchronous group format. The overall objective of this study is to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and adherence to the clinical trial protocol evaluating MAPP on anxiety symptoms among pregnant women. This synchronous virtual treatment is novel and has the potential to change clinical practice as it will effectively reduce anxiety, takes a short time to learn and women will have access to it regardless of living in rural or remote areas. The results of this study will guide the development of a larger multi-site randomized controlled trial (RCT).

Toronto, OntarioStart: October 2021
UCLA Perinatal Biospecimen Repository

The purpose of this investigator-initiated prospective observational cohort study is to establish the new UCLA Perinatal Biospecimen Repository (Perinatal Repository) for collection, storage, and distribution of the human data and biospecimens of the participants with perinatal pathology. The secure and shared high-quality resource of clinical data and biological specimens (Repository Materials), across pregnancy pathology related to research protocols at the Afshar's Lab will be created. Core variables of interest include clinical characteristics and relevant biological samples. Intention to collect perinatal data is aiding the efficiency and effectiveness of de-identified biorepository for pregnancy-at-risk outcome research. The primary aims of the project are: To design the Case Report Forms (CRFs) for the clinical and biospecimen data. To create and update the project-specific policies, agreements, and Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs). To develop the data management system to assure personal health information de-identification, data integrity, participants welfare, and protocol compliance. To develop and implement a quality management system for the Repository. To collect and record in the Repository protocol-related clinical information. To organize a consistent system to bank high-quality biospecimens while protecting participant-donor safety and privacy. To establish the policies and procedures for Repository Materials dissemination and research collaboration. To analyze the scientific results of the Repository creation. The secondary aim of the study is to provide a mechanism to store and share for research purposes the de-identified biospecimen and information about participants at risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Los Angeles, CaliforniaStart: July 2021
Evaluation of the Efficiency of Tailored Dietary Advice in Improving the Nutrient Adequacy of the Diet of French Pregnant Women

Pregnancy is associated with an increase in nutrient requirements. During this period, women would be keener on adopting healthier behaviors. Thus, pregnancy represents an opportunity to improve the nutrient adequacy of the diet of mothers-to-be. This study is a randomized controlled trial, which aims at evaluating the efficiency of a tailored dietary advice tool in improving the nutrient adequacy of the diet of pregnant women, as measured by the PANDiet. Eighty pregnant women will be included in the study and randomized either in the "control" group, or in the "intervention" group. The control group will receive generic dietary advice based on a booklet edited by the French Institute for Health Promotion and Health Education (INPES). The intervention group will receive the same generic dietary advice plus tailored dietary advice to improve the nutrient adequacy of their observed diets. Dietary intakes will be evaluated online using a 3 days food record, at baseline and 6 weeks after patients received the booklet and/or the first tailored dietary advice. Thus, the nutrient adequacy of the diet could be evaluated before and after the intervention in both groups. The dietary follow-up for one patient will last 12 weeks only, but data will be collected at delivery. "Moreover, after, the 12-week dietary follow-up and before their deliveries, 10 participants (5 by group) will be contacted to participate in a qualitative interview. This interview will aim at understanding barriers and motivators to implement dietary advice (generic and/or tailored) in the diet of pregnant women in the study.

Paris, Ile-de-FranceStart: September 2016
The Effects of Exercise Training During Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a physiological event that lasts for an average of 280 days or 40 weeks, starting with the embryo formed by the combination of ovum and sperm ready for fertilization. Many anatomical, physiological, social and psychological changes occur in the mother's body during pregnancy. In order to better adapt to these changes and to minimize problems during pregnancy, it is very beneficial for pregnants who do not have medical or obstetric risk to increase their physical activity level and exercise. Training programs created in light of the physical activity guidelines prepared specifically for the gestation period during pregnancy should be followed. For this purpose, pregnant programs have been organized routinely as a group exercise two days a week in Hacettepe University, Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Faculty, Women's & Men's Health Unit since 1990. The scope of this exercise program includes posture and body mechanics training, strengthening the lower and upper extremities, strengthening the abdominal and back muscles, pelvic floor exercises and breathing exercises. In one training session, 20 different exercises are performed and one session lasts about 60 minutes. For pregnant women with time limitations, sessions with less exercise and lasting about 30 minutes are held. Trainings are started in the 16th week of pregnancy and terminated in the 32nd week. Pregnant women who cannot participate in this group exercise program for personal reasons are given recommendations as home programs. In the literature; There is no specific guide on the type of exercise, intensity, and frequency of the exercise that can affect the thickness of the trunk stabilizer muscles during pregnancy, improve functionality and quality of life. With this study, it is planned to investigate the effects of the exercise protocol applied on the thickness, functionality and quality of life of the body stabilizer muscles in pregnant women who routinely participate in the short or long group exercise program, which starts from the 16th week of pregnancy until the 32nd week of the week. In addition, the pregnant women, who could not participate in the short or long group exercise program and started their home program until the 32nd week of pregnancy and made their routine follow-ups, will be evaluated in the 16th and 32nd weeks of pregnancy. At the end of this study; The change between body stabilizer muscle thickness, functionality and quality of life will be examined in three different groups, which continue routine short or long pregnant exercises and who can not participate in group exercise and follow up with the home program. In addition, data on trunk stabilizer muscle thickness, functionality and quality of life obtained from these three different groups will be compared. Thus, the literature will provide evidence of effective exercise protocols on trunk stabilizer muscle thickness, functionality and quality of life.

AnkaraStart: February 2020
Acute Effects of High Intensity Training in Pregnancy on Fetal Well-being and Blood Flow Distribution

Pregnant women are recommended to be physically active ≥150 min/week, but <15% of Norwegian women attain this goal. Several well-designed studies on lifestyle interventions focusing primarily on exercise training in overweight/obese pregnant women have reported disappointing outcomes with regard to maternal glycemic control, gestational weight gain and infant outcomes. Low adherence to the training program was found to be a problem; the participants did not enjoy the exercise program and had difficulties scheduling time to exercise. Pregnant women also report that they are not sure what exercises are safe during pregnancy. High intensity interval training (HIT), defined as short periods of intense activity separated by low-intensity breaks, has proved to induce superior improvements in insulin sensitivity and fitness compared with continuous moderate intensity training in individuals at increased risk for cardiometabolic diseases. Even short-term (6 weeks) HIT with brief (15-60 sec) work-bouts and a total time commitment of <45 min per week, improves insulin sensitivity similar to that attained after 6 months of traditional endurance training. HIT is feasible and enjoyable for individuals with low fitness level and with obesity. HIT is therefore a highly potent intervention that elicits important changes in a range of clinically relevant health outcomes in reproductive-aged women. This study will investigate fetal responses to a single bout of HIT. Preliminary data of the investigators suggest that HIT does not negatively influence fetal heart rate. Others have reported that uterine and umbilical blood flow are not changed during or following acute exercise. However, no previous study has determined the acute effect of HIT on uterine blood flow and there are no studies investigating the fetal blood flow distribution in response to exercise. Since the relative distribution of blood to the fetal liver is associated with newborn adiposity, fetal blood flow distribution in response to exercise can provide insight about the effect of maternal exercise on offspring health.

TrondheimStart: October 2021