300,000+ clinical trials. Find the right one.

64 active trials for Pregnancy Complications

COPE - COVID-19 in Pregnancy and Early Childhood

Purpose: The emergence of a new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 causing a novel infection in the human race resulting in a world-spanning pandemic came as a surprise and at a tremendous cost both for individual human lives as well as for the society and the health care sector. The knowledge on how this new infection affects both the mother and the unborn child as well as the outcomes for the mother and the child in the long run are unknown. What is known is based on case-reports and small case-series solely. Both the coronaviruses causing Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) can cause a threat to pregnant women and their offspring, which leads to the question whether this could be the case also for SARS-CoV-2. Aims: To establish a biobank of biological material from infected as well as non-infected pregnant women and their offspring. To combine this biobank with Swedish quality and health care registers, computerized patient charts and questionnaire data, enabling both short-term follow up, such as obstetric outcomes, as well as long-term outcomes both for mother and child. To study how the pandemic situation affects both the mother and her partner in their experience of pregnancy, childbirth, and early parenthood. Design: A national Swedish multicentre study. Women are included when they have a positive test for SARS-CoV-2 or a clinical suspicion of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) (COVID-19 group). Pregnant women without COVID-19 symptoms will be included at their routine visits (Screening group). Blood samples and other biological material will be collected at different time-points. Additional predictors and outcomes are collected from the Swedish Pregnancy Register as well as obligatory Swedish health registers. The biobank and its linkage to health registers through the Swedish personal identification number will enable future research. Child development will be followed during the first year of life by questionnaires to the parents. Womens' and their partners' experience of childbirth and parenthood will be studied in form of questionnaires as well as in form of interviews. Conclusion: This project will help obstetricians and neonatologists better recognize clinical manifestations of the virus, identify possible risk factors during pregnancy and tailor therapies alongside providing right level of surveillance and management during pregnancy, delivery, and child health care.

Start: June 2020
Measuring sVAP-1 as a Predictor of Pregnancy Problems

Pre-eclampsia is a common pregnancy disorder defined as high blood pressure and protein in the urine after 20 weeks of pregnancy. It affects the function of the placenta and can cause severe complications, e.g, stroke, multiple organ damage and seizures for the mother, and fetal growth restriction or stillbirth for the baby. Pre-eclampsia can also cause long term health problems for mother and baby. Currently, there is no test that can predict whether someone will develop pre-eclampsia, so nothing is done to intervene before the problems begin. Results from their previous work suggest that the investigators may have found something that can be measured in a blood sample that can predict which women might develop pre-eclampsia. It is a protein known as Vascular Adhesion Protein-1 (VAP-1), and our evidence points at it being involved in the embryo attaching to the womb and also in helping the development of the placenta by helping to get the right cells to where they are needed. The investigators will test blood samples from 451 pregnant women who come to the Leicester Royal Infirmary for routine bloods and their first pregnancy dating scan. The investigators will then follow the outcomes of the pregnancy to see if VAP-1 in the blood of women who develop pre-eclampsia (or other pregnancy complications) is different from the ones who do not develop pregnancy complications. The ability to predict women at higher risk of pregnancy complications would ensure the application of timely interventions and appropriate management of the conditions that may help to prevent complications both during pregnancy and later life. The study is expected to last approximately 30 weeks and the participants will be asked to give one extra tube of blood whilst having their routine bloods taken and to also consent to follow up of medical records until the end of the pregnancy.

Start: May 2021
Active Pregnancy Against COVID-19

Historically and traditionally, the recommendations related to physical exercise during pregnancy have been based more on moral or cultural issues than on scientific evidence. During some phases of history, pregnancy has meant a period of seclusion for women (not only physical). One of the adverse consequences has been the common recommendation of rest as a general rule for pregnant women. Scientific evidence from recent years has achieved a better understanding of the process of pregnancy and childbirth as well as maternal and fetal responses to exercise. Currently, both from a scientific and clinical/obstetric point of view, there is no doubt about the benefits of an active pregnancy for entire body of pregnant woman, and even her child. In fact, risks of a sedentary lifestyle are applicable to the pregnancy situation, even more with important associated complications during pregnancy and postpartum period. Unfortunately, the impact of COVID-19 has caused an unprecedented global crisis, in this sense the necessary measures taken by the different administrations, especially in terms of confinement causes (from now on) a large number of complications affecting different populations. In summary a complex situation without established prevention strategies exists. The pregnant population is, due to the nature of the gestation and delivery process, one of the population groups with the highest risk of adverse outcomes and associated complications and whose consequences include the mother, fetus, newborn and even children. According to an important body of scientific literature and based on an epigenetic effect, the intrauterine environment can be a determining factor for the future human being to evolve regardless of complications and pathologies (cardiovascular, metabolic, psychic, emotional). This is demonstrated by numerous recent scientific evidences that confirm the unfortunate association between an adverse intrauterine environment (due to various factors) and observable postnatal pathologies in infants. In addition, current publications report the large number and variety of alterations that the COVID-19 situation causes in pregnant women and that includes the entire female organism. This complex situation does not only affect aspects of a physical or physiological nature, but also psychic and emotional factors. In summary, a new state of confinement or similar situations in the near future (impossibility of groupings, distance between people), avoid during the daily life of pregnant women one of the important and recent recommendations made by the international scientific community: a pregnancy physically active. This is especially relevant, due to the dangerous association between complications of a psychological or emotional nature during pregnancy with pre, peri and postnatal disorders (low birth weights, perinatal complications, altered and prolonged deliveries, etc.), which affect not only to the mother and can determine the health of the future human being. According to the scientific literature and based on an epigenetic effect, the intrauterine environment can be a determining aspect in the health of the future human being and the prevention of complications and pathologies (cardiovascular, metabolic, psychic, emotional). This is demonstrated by numerous and recent scientific evidences that confirm the unfortunate association between an adverse intrauterine environment (due to various factors) and different pathologies during and after pregnancy. It is evident the change that COVID-19 and its effects will generate in the lifestyle of the pregnant population and the increased probability of suffering associated pathologies in the next 24-36 months. No preventive actions have yet been planned in Spain and its public hospitals against the impact of COVID-19 on the quality of life of pregnant women. It is urgent to design and perform an adequate strategy of intervention for its possible prevention. From the scientific point of view, the recommendations are clear and concrete, an aerobic exercise program, designed and supervised by professionals from the Sciences of Physical Activity and Sports, is the best option for pregnant women. In this sense, in the last 30 years, physical exercise has proven to have many benefits for pregnant women, without causing risks or adverse effects on maternal-fetal well-being. This is confirmed by an important body of scientific literature on gestational physical exercise and its effects on pregnancy outcomes.

Start: August 2020
Sleep and Tracking Effects in Pregnancy Study

Purpose: The investigators hypothesize that a simple, personalized, smartphone-based activity intervention using a wrist-based activity tracker will help high risk pregnant women reduce their stress during pregnancy. Participants: Pregnant women enrolled in prenatal care at the University of North Carolina who have a documented moderate or high level of perceived stress ( ? 14) and are at high risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes due to body mass index of ? 30 kg/m2 or history of gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, or preterm birth <37 weeks' in a prior pregnancy. Procedures: Women meeting inclusion criteria will be recruited through the University of North Carolina prenatal care clinics. They will be contacted for possible participation at regularly scheduled prenatal visits and/or ultrasound. They may also be contacted for possible participation by remote methods (e.g., Telehealth). Women who are enrolled will complete validated dietary, stress, sleep, and body image questionnaires. Enrolled women will then be randomized to receive standard obstetrical care or enhanced counseling. All participants will receive a wrist-based activity tracker. Maternal blood sample for biochemical markers of stress and gene expression will be obtained at the initial visit; a followup blood sample will be obtained later in pregnancy, and a small portion of the placenta saved at delivery. Maternal and neonatal outcomes will be compared between groups.

Start: July 2021
Tuberculosis Infection in Women of Reproductive Age and Their Infants

Women living in low-income countries are at elevated risk of death in connection to pregnancy, as well as infants born to women in such settings. It is probable that several factors are involved, such as poverty, lack of education and access to healthcare. Infectious diseases constitute important threats to maternal health in resource-limited settings. Tuberculosis (TB) is reported to be the third leading cause of maternal death globally. Furthermore, TB can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, with high risk of severe consequences for the infant. Despite these data, neither the role of TB in relation to co-existing risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes, nor the mechanisms involved, are well understood. It is likely that TB interacts with other characteristics, in particular socio-economic condition and HIV infection, which could obscure associations between TB and pregnancy outcomes. For this reason, it is critical to design studies so that the independent role of TB can be deduced. This project aims to investigate how TB infection in women affects the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in relation to co-existing factors, and how exposure to TB infection may impact growth and development of infants born to women with TB. In addition, mechanisms in which TB and the immune system during pregnancy will be explored. The project is conducted at public health facilities in Ethiopia, where 2 000 women will be recruited during antenatal care. These women will be followed until 4 years after delivery, along with their offspring born during the study period. Detailed data is collected at inclusion and at study visits during follow-up, with submission of samples for TB testing and immunological analyses. Better knowledge on the characteristics of TB infection in association with pregnancy, and how TB affects maternal and child health, can be used to construct new guidelines for management of TB in women of fertile age. This may contribute to reductions in adverse pregnancy outcomes, including maternal and infant deaths.

Start: December 2015
Congenital Heart Anomaly Risk in Maternal Enteroviral Infection and Diabetes

Beyond EV-B, there are clinical observations to implicate other viruses in birth defects, including CHD. Since the Rubella epidemic of 1960s', however, viruses have received little attention and certainly no comprehensive study, especially using next generation sequencing (NGS), has been undertaken in this context. The current pandemic as well as those caused by Zika, influenza, Ebola and Lassa Fever (among many) have shown pregnant women and their baby are at high risk. Therefore, an open-minded approach is warranted when considering the role of maternal viral infections in CHD. Even less is known about maternal immune response, such as antibody production, to these viruses. The investigator's goal is to answer the above gaps in knowledge. The investigators propose to do that using two different approaches; one retrospective (analysis of samples in two existing, large biorepositories) and the other prospective. The investigator's have created a multi-disciplinary team to bring together the needed expertise from individuals who have overlapping and vested interest in this project. The investigator's specific aim is to examine the diversity of the gut virome in non-pregnant and pregnant women with and without diabetes, with special emphasis on known cardiotropic viruses (those with tropism for cardiac tissues). This study is seen by the investigator's as the first step prior to a larger prospective multi-institutional study to specifically assess the linkage between the maternal virome and CHD pathogenesis.

Start: February 2021