300,000+ clinical trials. Find the right one.

63 active trials for Pre Diabetes

Development and Validation of DM and Pre-DM Risk Prediction Model

Many DM and pre-DM remain undiagnosed. The aim is to develop and validate a risk prediction function to detect DM and pre-DM in Chinese adults aged 18-84 in primary care (PC). The objectives are to: Develop a risk prediction function using non-laboratory parameters to predict DM and pre-DM from the data of the HK Population Health Survey 2014/2015 Develop a risk scoring algorithm and determine the cut-off score Validate the risk prediction function and determine its sensitivity in predicting DM and pre-DM in PC Hypothesis to be tested: The prediction function developed from the Population Health Survey (PHS) 2014/2015 is valid and sensitive in PC. Design and subjects: We will develop a risk prediction function for DM and pre-DM using data of 1,857 subjects from the PHS 2014/2015. We will recruit 1014 Chinese adults aged 18-84 from PC clinics to validate the risk prediction function. Each subject will complete an assessment on the relevant risk factors and have a blood test on OGTT and HbA1c on recruitment and at 12 months. Main outcome measures: The area under the Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, sensitivity and specificity of the prediction function. Data analysis and expected results: Machine learning and Logistic regressions will be used to develop the best model. ROC curve will be used to determine the cut-off score. Sensitivity and specificity will be determined by descriptive statistics. A new HK Chinese general population specific risk prediction function will enable early case finding and intervention to prevent DM and DM complications in PC.

Start: April 2020
Community Based DPP Program for Hispanic/Latino Females

Is well known that obesity is increasing in the United States (US) and particularly among Hispanic/ especially in in socially disadvantaged groups. Studies have shown that the prevalence of metabolic syndrome is about 1.5 times higher among Mexican American females living in the US compared to non-Hispanic females. Culturally among Hispanic/Latino females some activities like grocery shopping and meal cooking in households that most likely impact other family members. Culturally grounded interventions can be made readily tailored and translated into real-world settings by utilizing collaborative, community based participatory approaches. The overall objective of this study is to offer a diabetes prevention program to the community, targeting adult females with Hispanic/Latino background population that could benefit from a sustainable change behavior program to reduce the risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease. Sessions will be conducted in Spanish or English according to participants' preferences. The program format is to meet for one year. Cadence will be once a week for the next 16 weeks (Core curriculum), then once a month (maintenance curriculum). In addition to the DPP curriculum a structured physical activity component will be added, with the objective of facilitating achievement of program goals. Other culturally tailored activities will be included like: grocery shopping, recipes community walking maps and other available community resources. In addition the investigators will utilize a qualitative approach to gather information about project's feasibility and acceptability. To do so, investigators plan to conduct 60 minutes focus groups and semi structured interviews at the end of the 16 week core-program and at the end of the program (program participants and staff members).

Start: January 2020