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21 active trials for Postural Tachycardia Syndrome

Hemodynamic Effects of Compression in POTS

When an individual with Postural Tachycardia Syndrome (POTS) stands up, their heart rate increases significantly (>30BPM) and they may experience symptoms such as lightheadedness, dizziness, shortness of breath, nausea and mental confusion. One commonly prescribed treatment for POTS is compression garments. Compression garments squeeze veins to help return blood back to the heart, which may decrease heart rate and symptoms on standing. However, there is little research about the effectiveness of compression in adults with POTS. In this study, the investigators will use the Lifewrap garment, which compresses the abdomen, pelvis and lower extremities, to evaluate the effectiveness of compression in POTS. The investigators will use a head up tilt (HUT) which will simulate standing. The study participant will participate in 4x 10 minute HUTs wearing 4 different compression configurations: full abdomen and lower extremity compression abdominal only compression leg only compression No compression The investigators hypothesize that with full compression, the participant's heart rate increase from lying down to upright will be lower than when they are not wearing any compression. The investigators will also ask the participant about their symptoms when they are upright. The results of this study could demonstrate the potential benefits of compression and what configuration is most effective. These findings could rapidly translate to the clinical setting, providing improved care.

Start: July 2018
Alterations of Attention in POTS Depending on Body Position and Hydration

The Postural Tachycardia-Syndrome (POTS) is a form of autonomic dysregulation, typically accompanied by symptoms of orthostatic intolerance (OI). OI is defined by the inability to tolerate the upright position and is improved by lying down. POTS is considered a syndrome that may include a number of several disorders. Symptoms should be persistent for at least 6 months to reach a diagnosis. It is characterized by a sustained heart rate (HR) increment of 30 beats/min or more within 10 min of standing or head-up tilt (HUT) in adults, in the absence of orthostatic hypotension and with the presence of symptoms of OI. In children and adolescents a diagnosis requests a HR increment of at least 40 beats/min. The increment in HR when moving to an upright posture is often a response to a reduction in venous return, causing excessive blood pooling in the lower limbs. The symptoms present in POTS vary greatly. Typical symptoms are lightheadedness, dizziness, blurred vision, mental clouding ("brain fog") or cognitive dysfunction. Other symptoms may present as palpitations or chest pain. Additional symptoms consist of postural headaches, nausea, sleep disturbances, fatigue and gastrointestinal dysfunction. The manifestation of symptoms in POTS varies in severity, frequency and combination, resulting in POTS being a very heterogenous and subjective disorder. Symptoms can be severe and often make simple daily activities difficult to an extent that compromises the patients quality of life. Typically symptoms exacerbate in the mornings, after physical activity, after eating and during menstruation. This study objective is to examine the occurrence, mechanisms and causes of impaired attention in POTS as well as to test the effect of acute water ingestion for attention in POTS. The investigators therefore conduct a study including patients with POTS and healthy volunteers. All participants will receive a dossier of five self-assessment questionnaires after giving informed consent. Clinical examination includes 2 HUT-tests while standing for 15 minutes, conventional measuring of blood pressure, continuous recording of NIRS signals during testing, determination of pupil size, the diameter of the optic nerve and Neuropsychological testing (Test of Attentional Performance, mobility version" (TAP-M), Go/NoGo Test, Divided Attention Test)

Start: September 2017
Crossover Study of Propranolol vs Ivabradine in POTS

1.0 BACKGROUND Postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a disorder of chronic orthostatic intolerance characterized by symptoms of palpitations, lightheadedness, chest discomfort, shortness of breath, blurred vision, and mental clouding. These symptoms occur during standing and are associated with a marked increase in heart rate (HR) in the absence of hypotension, which typically resolve when sitting or lying down. Most importantly, POTS is associated with a very poor quality of life and significant functional disability. POTS patients commonly experience mental clouding ("brain fog") even while lying down or seated, which poses significant limitations to daily activities . Unfortunately, there is a relative paucity in the literature assessing therapies for POTS patients. Given that excessive tachycardia on standing is a fundamental component of this syndrome, a handful of studies have evaluated medications that reduce HR. Ivabradine is newer drug that is a selective If channel blocker that reduces HR without affecting other cardiovascular functions. 2.0 RATIONALE / STUDY PURPOSE The investigators propose to compare the efficacy of propranolol and ivabradine on HR response to standing, and symptom burden in patients with POTS. 3.0 Study Design This will be a single-center double-blind placebo-controlled randomized crossover trial conducted in patients with POTS to compare effects of (1) oral ivabradine 5 mg bid plus placebo BID (to fill out a QID schedule); (2) oral propranolol 20 mg qid; and (3) oral placebo qid in POTS patients. After a baseline screening assessment following a washout period of 7 days, participants will be randomized to start with a 4-week course of either ivabradine, propranolol or placebo. The other two treatments will be given in separate 4-week courses with a 7-day washout period between phases, with each participant acting as his or her own control. At the end of each 4-week phase, participants will complete the symptom-rating and HRQOL questionnaires, and also undergo tilt table testing to assess the change in HR at 10 min with head up tilt. Participants will undergo POTS testing at baseline and at the end of each 4-week treatment course. This will involve a total of 4 separate study visits.

Start: February 2021