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196 active trials for Obstructive Sleep Apnea

A Study to Learn More About How Safe BAY2586116 is, How it Affects the Body, How it Moves Into, Through and Out of the Body at Different Doses in Healthy Japanese Male Participants After Taking Single and Multiple Doses Through the Nose

BAY2586116 is a new drug in development for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea. This is a condition that causes breathing to repeatedly stop and start during sleep due to blocked upper airways. This is a study to learn more how safe BAY2586116 is, how it affects the body, how it moves into, through and out of the body in healthy Japanese male participants. The participants will be randomly chosen to receive 1 of 3 different doses of BAY2586116 or to receive a placebo. A placebo looks like a treatment but does not have any medicine in it. The participants will receive their study treatment either 1 single time or once a day for 5 days through a nasal spray. The participants will be in the study for a total of about 12 weeks. They will stay at their study site for either 5 or 9 days, depending on which study treatment they receive. During this time, the doctors will take blood and urine samples and check the participants' health. About 6 to 8 days after the participants receive their last treatment, the researchers will check the participants' health again. The main aim of this study is to learn more about how safe BAY2586116 is compared to the placebo. To answer this question, the researchers will count the number of participants who have medical problems that may or may not be related to the study treatment. These medical problems are also known as "adverse events" while they are in the study.

Start: May 2021
Long-term Follow-up of Children With OSA Treated With AT

Objectives: To assess the cardiovascular outcomes of children with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) at a mean of 5 years after they had undergone adenotonsillectomy (AT), compared to OSA children who did not undergo AT, and normal controls without OSA. Hypothesis to be tested: (1) children with OSA underwent AT would have lower cardiovascular risks, namely lower ambulatory blood pressure (ABP), better cardiac function, lower carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and lower carotid arterial thickness when compared to those with OSA but did not undergo AT, and that (2) children with OSA, despite treatment with AT, would have higher cardiovascular risks than non-OSA controls. Design: A two-centre prospective case-control follow-up study Subjects: Potential subjects for this follow-up study have been identified from two local hospitals, Prince of Wales and Kwong Wah Hospitals. AT-treated group (n=90) - Children had moderate-to-severe OSA (obstructive apnoea hypopnoea index (OAHI) >=3 events/h) and underwent AT when they were aged 5-12 years. Refused AT group (n=45) - Children had moderate-to-severe OSA but refused AT. Non-OSA control group (n=45) - Non-snoring controls with OAHI <1 event/h . Main outcome measures: 24-hour ABP, cardiac function measured by echocardiography, CIMT and carotid arterial stiffness. Data analysis: Apart from group comparisons, multiple linear regression and logistic regression analysis will also be used to examine whether cardiovascular outcomes are associated with AT, pre- and post-AT OAHI while adjusted for confounders. Expected results: AT improves cardiovascular outcomes of children with OSA. However they still had higher cardiovascular risks than normal controls even after AT.

Start: July 2021
Bright Light Therapy for Residual Daytime Symptoms Associated With Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is one of the most common chronic condition among US military Veterans, causing sleepiness, reduced psychomotor vigilance and depression, which undermine daytime functioning and quality of life. Persistent daytime symptoms of sleepiness in individuals with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) who are using Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) are associated with adverse long term medical and functional outcomes. Residual daytime sleepiness (RDS) is associated with reduced occupational and family functioning and overall lower quality of life. Napping is a common behavior among individuals with OSA and RDS and has been linked to both benefits to and decline in health and functioning. Longer nap times may maintain, as opposed to decrease, sleepiness by promoting sleep inertia and can contribute to maintaining subclinical circadian alterations that result in higher night-tonight variability in sleep patterns. Preliminary studies in humans and animal models have shown persisting alterations of circadian rhythms in OSA patients, that fail to normalize with CPAP treatment. CPAP treatment, while effective at correcting respiratory events and night time blood oxygen saturation levels, does not necessarily re-align the circadian system. Current treatment options are limited to stimulants and modafinil, whose long-term safety profile, effectiveness and impact on functional recovery is largely unknown. Supplementary exposure to bright light has beneficial effects on sleep quality and daytime vigilance in healthy individuals and it has been increasingly applied in a variety of sleep and neuropsychiatric conditions. However, no study to date has tested the application of BLT to treat daytime symptoms associated with sleep apnea. The investigators' study will be the first to explore the role of Bright Light Therapy (BLT), a well-established non-pharmacological intervention for circadian disturbances, for the treatment of residual daytime symptoms of OSA which do not respond to CPAP.

Start: September 2020