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1,029 active trials for Obesity

Stereophotogrammetry of the Torso in Healthy Individuals and Patients With Scoliosis, Chest Wall Deformations, or Obesity

Background: - Stereophotogrammetry (SP) uses four sets of digital cameras to generate a three-dimensional computer image. Unlike other types of evaluations which require radiation, SP only uses computer images to learn more about physical deformities such as scoliosis or about the placement of fat on the body. To refine the SP process, researchers are interested in collecting images and body data from individuals with skeletal structural problems such as scoliosis or chest wall deformities, individuals who are overweight or obese, and healthy volunteers. Objectives: - To use stereophotogrammetry to study different individual body types and refine existing imaging techniques. Eligibility: - Individuals at least 2 years of age who have spine, rib, or chest wall deformities; are overweight or obese (body mass index greater than 25); or are healthy volunteers. Design: Participants will be screened with a physical examination and medical history. The physical examination will include measurements of range of motion and joint mobility, torso width and length, and other observational data. Healthy volunteers and participants in the obesity group will also have bioelectric spectroscopy (bioimpedance), which uses an additional machine to measure how fat is spread in different parts of the body. After the physical examination has been completed, participants will have SP photographs taken. Participants will be asked to remove all clothing from the torso, stand with arms raised at the center of four cameras, and remain still while several images are taken. A complete image takes less than 1 second. Participants with spine or rib deformities, or who are in the obesity group, may also volunteer to return for followup SP imaging, once a year for 5 years, to study progress over time....

Start: June 2011
Children s Growth and Behavior Study

Background: - Studies show that many factors affect children s eating behavior and health. These include sleep, mood, thinking skills, and genetics. Studying children over time may identify children at higher risk for eating-related health concerns. Objective: - To understand how genes and environment influence eating behavior and health over time. Eligibility: - Children ages 8 17 in good general health. Design: Screening visit 1: Medical history, physical exam, body measurements, and questions. 14 days: Participants will wear a wrist monitor and answer smartphone prompts about eating and mood. They may give a stool sample. Screening visit 2: Body measurements. Saliva, urine, and blood samples. Heart tests. Meals provided (after fasting overnight). Questionnaires and interview. Behavior, thinking, and exercise tests. X-ray of left wrist and full body.<TAB> Some parents may have medical history, physical exam, and questions at screening visits. They may answer questions at the yearly visits. Participants will have up to 6 yearly visits. They will give a urine sample and body measurements, and repeat the X-rays. They will have questions and behavior and thinking tasks. They may give stool samples. Visits will range from 3 to 8 hours. Participants may choose to participate in other studies: Stress and Hormones, 1 visit: While resting, participants will give saliva samples and have their heart monitored. Then they will do math. They will repeat the resting part, then do a computer task. Brain Imaging, 2 visits: Twice, participants will perform tasks with a magnetic cone on their head then answer questions. Once, they will have an MRI, lying still in a scanner with a coil on their head. Sleep, 2 visits: Participants will have food provided, answer questions and do tasks. Participants will be compensated for the time and inconvenience involved with completing study procedures.

Start: April 2015
Brain Dopamine Function in Human Obesity

Background: Dopamine is a natural chemical in the brain that may influence eating behavior and physical activity. Researchers want to measure the brain s dopamine activity and understand how it differs in people with obesity. Objective: To better understand how brain function, particularly dopamine activity, relates to body weight and eating behavior. Individuals may be able to participate if they: Have a BMI of at least 18.5 kg/m2 Are weight-stable and generally healthy Are between ages 18-45 years Have normal blood pressure Are not using illegal drugs (based on urine drug screen) Are not following a special diet Do not have metal implants Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam Questionnaires and an interview to see if it is safe to have a PET/MRI scan Fasting blood and urine tests Participants will eat a special diet given to them for the 5 days before their inpatient visit. Participants will have a 5-day inpatient visit. Some days include blood and urine tests. Each day includes surveys and tests to measure habits and likes/dis-likes. A sample schedule may be: Day 1: Participants will wear a monitor that uses a needle below the skin to measure glucose. Their body fat will be measured with low-dose x-rays Day 2: Participants will have a PET scan. They will lie on a table that slides in and out of a donut-shaped scanner. They will be injected with a small amount of a radioactive substance and wear a cap on their head. Day 3: Participants will have an MRI. They will lie on a table that slides in and out of a scanner. Day 4: Participants will have another PET scan. This time, they will drink a milk shake during a break from the scanner. Then, they will go back inside the scanner for the end of their scan. Day 5: Participants will wear a hood for up to 40 minutes to measure their breathing. They will also drink special water and collect samples of their urine to measure the rate they burn energy. For 12 months after the visit, participants will track their weight and physical activity daily using a special scale and activity monitor. A few times over the year, the study team will send participants special activity monitors to use for 7 days at a time. Participants will have an in-person 1-day follow-up visit. This includes most tests except for PET scanning....

Start: September 2018
The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Eating Behavior and Weight Change

Background: The indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health are of increasing concern. Perceived stress can lead to binge eating and weight gain. Researchers want to learn more about the relationship between eating behavior and the pandemic. Objective: To study how the stress of the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting eating behaviors and weight. Eligibility: English-speaking adults ages 18 and older who have access to a computer or smartphone connected to the internet. Design: This is an online study. Participants will answer surveys through the study website. Participants will complete a one-time survey. It will ask about their experiences throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, their socioeconomic standing, their mental and physical health, and their eating habits. They will have the option to repeat the survey once a month for the next 12 months. This will show changes in their thoughts and behaviors over time. They will provide their email address to get survey links. Participants will also have the option to complete a 2-minute survey on their smartphone. They will complete the survey daily for 7 days in a row. It will ask about their stress and eating behavior in real time, in their home environment. They will provide their phone number to get survey links via text message. If a participant has taken part in a previous NIH study on the Phoenix AZ campus, they will be asked to share their first and last name, date of birth, and email address. This information will be used to connect data from this study to their past data. Participation is typically 25 minutes but may last up to 1 year....

Start: June 2021
Liraglutide (Saxenda(R)) in Adolescents With Obesity After Sleeve Gastrectomy

Background: Metabolic Bariatric Surgery, including a surgery called vertical sleeve gastrectomy, is the most effective weight loss treatment for severe obesity. However, many adolescents who have this surgery still have obesity 1 year later or regain weight. Researchers want to see if a drug can help. Objective: To learn if liraglutide can help adolescents who still have obesity 1 year or more after vertical sleeve gastrectomy lose additional weight. Eligibility: Healthy adolescents ages 12-20.99 years who are 1-10 years post vertical sleeve gastrectomy and have a BMI of 30 kg/m2 or >=95th percentile for age and sex. Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam Questionnaires about their mood and feelings about their weight Blood and urine tests Nutrition counseling. They will keep a diet log. A test where they view and respond to pictures of food Wrist accelerometer set-up. They will wear an accelerometer (a device like a watch) on their wrist for 14 days. It will measure their physical activity. Some screening tests will be repeated during the study. Participants will have an oral glucose tolerance test. They will ingest a sweet liquid. Blood samples will be taken. Participants will take liraglutide daily for 16 weeks. They will learn how to inject it under their skin. Participants will have a body scan to measure muscle and fat. Participants will be invited to eat as much as they want at a buffet meal at NIH. How much food they eat will be calculated. They will assess their appetite and mood before and after the meal. Participation will last for 7 months. Participants will have 7 study visits.

Start: June 2021
Addressing Obesity in Early Care and Education Settings

Childhood obesity is a national epidemic that disproportionately burdens low income and ethnic minority populations. By preschool, nearly one-third of low income children are already overweight or obese, setting the stage for adverse health outcomes over their life course. Evidence is mounting that individual-focused, single-component interventions fail to produce long-term population-level changes in obesity-related outcomes. Evidence increasingly supports creating entire environments (e.g., schools) in which the healthy choice is the default option. The investigators will conduct a pragmatic cluster randomized trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a multilevel (organization, teacher, parent, child) intervention to support healthy eating and physical activity in preschools. The study is being conducted in partnership with Child Care Resource Center (CCRC), a non-profit organization dedicated to ensuring that all children receive high quality preschool experiences. The investigators will randomly assign 60 preschool sites (stratified by size), located in underserved areas of Los Angeles, to the intervention or a usual practice control conditions. The investigators will evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention on child BMI z-scores (primary outcome) and parent-reported child nutrition and physical activity (secondary outcomes). The investigators will systematically examine the implementation process to understand factors that may facilitate or hinder intervention uptake and success. The findings from this work will be critical for informing future dissemination efforts.

Start: October 2019