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100 active trials for Obesity Morbid

Single-anastomosis Duodeno Ileal Bypass (SADI) Versus Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

Obesity is a major public health problem worldwide. Bariatric surgery has proved to be the most effective treatment of morbid obesity in terms of weight reduction and remission of co-morbid conditions during long-term follow-up. Nowadays, France is ranked 3rd in terms of bariatric surgeries performed per year. Since the laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) was described in 1977, this restrictive and malabsorptive procedure has become a gold standard for morbid obesity with an average Excess Weight Loss % (EWL%) of 72% at 2 years, and a strong metabolic effect, especially with regard to type 2 diabetes remission. Nevertheless, failures are observed (up to 20%), particularly in super obese patients, which are then difficult to manage. In this population, biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is indicated due to its stronger weight loss and metabolic effect, but is still little performed worldwide because of its higher morbidity, surgical complexity and risk of malnutrition. A novel technique combining the physiological advantages of pylorus preservation and the technical benefits of single-loop reconstruction was introduced in 2007 by Sanchez-Pernaute, who described the single-anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) as an evolution of the BPD-DS. With a 2.5-meter common channel, SADI-S seems to offer good results for the treatment of both morbid obesity and its metabolic complications, with an EWL% of up to 95% at 2 years and potentially less nutritional consequences. To date, there is only one Spanish randomized trial comparing SADI-S to BPD-DS, whereas BPD-DS represents less than 1% of bariatric procedures in France and is only allowed in super obese patients. Thus only preliminary data of poor scientific value exists. Nevertheless, facing very encouraging short-term outcomes, there is a real need for a prospective trial comparing SADI-S to a standard bariatric procedure. The aim of the investigator's study is to assess weight loss efficiency and the morbi-mortality of the SADI-S in comparison to a standard (RYGB), in order to validate this procedure among bariatric techniques HYPOTHESIS SADI-S is superior to the standard RYGB for weight loss, increasing the EWL% by 10% (82% vs 72%, respectively) at 2 years.

Start: October 2018
Exercise Following Bariatric Surgery for Severe/Morbid Obesity (EFIBAR)

Severe/morbid obesity is an international public health issue that importantly increases the risk of cardiovascular events and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Likewise, severe/morbid obesity increases the risk of illness, reduces quality of life, and raises health-care costs. Bariatric surgery is the election method for the treatment of severe/morbid obesity, resulting in significant weight loss and remission of comorbidities. However, a relatively large proportion of bariatric patients regain weight and continue to be at high risk for cardiovascular disease and premature mortality. A healthy lifestyle following bariatric surgery is essential for optimizing and maintaining weight loss. Observational studies suggest that physical activity following bariatric surgery might be associated with additional weight loss and more effective weigh loss maintenance over time. However, very little experimental evidence exists regarding the effects of supervised exercise on obesity-related outcomes in this specific population. The aim of the EFIBAR (Ejercicio FÍsico tras cirugía BARiátrica) randomized controlled trial is to determine the effects of a 16-week supervised concurrent (aerobic and strength) exercise intervention program, on weight loss (primary outcome), body composition, cardiometabolic risk, physical fitness and quality of life (secondary outcomes) in patients with severe/morbid obesity following bariatric surgery. According to the study aims the investigators pursue the following hypothesis: Supervised exercise will result in larger weight loss than control.

Start: May 2018