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37 active trials for Neurodevelopmental Disorders

"Let's Get Organized" in Adult Psychiatric/Habilitation Care

This project aims to evaluate and establish evidence for a novel, group-based intervention that can help people with cognitive limitations due to mental or neurodevelopmental disorders to improve their ability to manage time and organize activities. This might provide an important step towards establishing healthy life habits, getting or maintaining employment, and managing family life. Time management is a necessary skill for maintaining healthy life habits and daily occupations in modern society. People with limited cognitive function due to, for example, mental or neurodevelopmental disorders, have documented difficulties in time management, which is also related to issues with self-efficacy. Common interventions for persons with poor time management are time-assistive devices and products, but studies show that these devices alone are not enough to cover these people's needs. Structured training is needed, but there is a lack of structured interventions to enhance time management skills. The intervention program "Let's get organized" (LGO) is a manual-based group intervention aiming to enhance time management, targeted to persons with mental or neurodevelopmental disorders. In a recent feasibility study the LGO showed promising results. This project aims to evaluate to what extent the LGO intervention is effective in improving time management, and satisfaction with daily occupations. The proposed project is a randomized-controlled trial carried out in ten psychiatric units in Sweden. Participants (n=104) will be randomly assigned to either LGO group intervention or individual Occupational Therapy intervention for ten weeks .The primary outcome of the study is self-reported time management measured by the Assessment of Time Management Skills. Secondary outcomes are occupational balance, self-efficacy, parental competence and cost-effectiveness.

Start: August 2018
Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Children With Systemic Inflammatory Disease

Systemic inflammatory diseases in children include autoinflammatory diseases (deregulation of the innate immune system with production of pro-inflammatory cytokines) and autoimmune diseases (deregulation of the adaptive immune system with production of pathogenic autoantibodies). Neurological damage has been reported in both cases, but the neurodevelopmental psychiatric manifestations are poorly known, especially in children. Neurodevelopmental disorders are a broad spectrum of pathologies that are underpinned by common symptomatic dimensions. They have a common physiopathology combining genetic predisposing factors as well as environmental risk factors, making it possible to study them from a global point of view. Among the environmental risk factors, the immune system seems to play an important role in the appearance of these pathologies. In recent years, fundamental and animal studies have pointed to an important role of the immune system at the cerebral level. Indeed, far from the old notion of ""immune privilege"", the innate or adaptive immune balance seems to have a fundamental role in the proper development and functioning of the brain. Consequently, any modification of the immune balance could then disrupt neurodevelopment. Indeed, in recent years epidemiological studies seem to indicate the role of immune-mediated events during pregnancy (maternal autoimmune/inflammatory pathology or infection during pregnancy) or the first years of life (autoimmune/inflammatory pathology) as risk factors for neurodevelopmental disorders. Neurodevelopmental manifestations are very poorly known in systemic inflammatory pathologies. They can have a significant impact and justify adapted care in order to limit the functional impact. The main objective of our study will be to define the prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders in children with systemic inflammatory diseases.

Start: April 2021
Study for the Evaluation of the Feasibility of Applying Advanced MRI Scanning in Pediatric Clinical Practice

The purpose of this research study is to evaluate the feasibility in conducting advanced MRI sequences in a pediatric clinical setting. The study will be observational in nature, and will only evaluate the studies of pediatric patients who have already been prescribed an advanced MRI for clinical neurological purposes. The only difference for the subject in participating in this study is that the data and information about their scan can be used and disclosed for research purposes, i.e. understanding if the time of the scan, patient comfort, and quality of the data are feasible. Standard MRI's have been extremely beneficial in the diagnosis and assessment of disease, injury, and anomalies throughout the body. Adding advanced MRI sequences to the arsenal of current standard MRI sequences, as well as analyzing the clinical significance of the data, may improve the benefits of MRI in the future. Within this scope, the study will be looking at the following factors: The total time of the scan, including: Patient arrival time/lateness Patient preparation time Time scanner is being occupied Patient compliance (is the patient continually stopping the study for breaks, fear, movement, etc.) Patient dropout rate, including: Change of mind Cost of study is too much Failure to finish the scan Usability of data, including: Movement artifact Patient requiring re-scan for any reason The scan will consist of two to five advanced MRI sequences that will average between 7-15 minutes each, in addition to a routine 5 minute standard MRI sequence. The variability in the number of advanced sequences depends on the prescription and patient history. All sequences are performed using a 1.5 Tesla Siemens MRI scanner at Westwood Open MRI, a 3 Tesla GE scanner at Tower Saint John's Imaging, or a 3 Tesla Siemens MRI scanner at Resolution Imaging. All scanners are FDA-approved.

Start: July 2016
Strongest FamiliesTM Neurodevelopmental

Children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental conditions are 3 to 5 times more likely than their peers to have other mental disorders such as anxiety, depression and disruptive behaviour. Furthermore, these conditions are less likely to be recognized, diagnosed and treated than for typically developing children. Parent training is a well-established approach to help parents change their behaviour and communication with their children with the goal of improving child behaviours. Parent-focused programs that are designed for typically developing children have shown mixed results for children with neurodevelopmental conditions and parents have reported significant challenges in accessing traditional health services due to barriers to care. There is an urgent need to explore how effective distance-delivered parenting programs can be implemented in real-world settings and how they should be adapted to meet the needs of families with children with neurodevelopmental conditions. The goal of this research project is to develop and test the effectiveness of two versions (group coaching & self-managed) of an online parenting program for managing challenging behaviours in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities. The Strongest Families Neurodevelopmental program is based on the well-established Strongest Families Parenting program for typically developing children with challenging behaviours, adapted with substantial involvement from a pan-Canadian Parent Advisory Committee. The program consists of 11 skill-based sessions with demonstration videos, audio clips, exercises, a resource webpage and a Parent-to-Parent online group (a closed Facebook group).

Start: April 2019
Dance for Children With Neurodevelopmental Disorders

Motor impairments are prominent in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other neurodevelopment disorders, and these impairments often impact the individual's ability to engage in organized physical activity programs (OPA). While many studies have identified dance and creative movement to be retrospectively and anecdotally therapeutic, there remains a paucity of literature regarding outcomes associated with these programs, and specifically, their impact on (1) perceived and objective gross and fine motor skills, (2) perceived ability to succeed in related or divergent goals or tasks, (3) quality of life for affected individuals and their caregivers. (4) adaptive function, (5) social communication This study explores the impact of organized dance and creative movement classes on children with neurodevelopmental disorders (ages 4-17) and their caregivers. Participants will complete a set of surveys and assessments designed to measure the above metrics (labeled 1, 2, and 3) at their first study visit. This initial assessment is expected to take place within two weeks prior to beginning the intervention (either a wait period or a series of 1-hour dance classes, which children will attend weekly for 10 weeks). The second and final study visit will consist of a similar set of surveys and assessments designed to measure the same metrics within the two weeks following completion of the dance class series. Participants who have completed the wait period at this point will then begin their set of 10 weekly dance classes. Expected duration of participation in the study is no longer than 14 weeks in total.

Start: January 2021