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41 active trials for Multiple Sclerosis - Relapsing Remitting

Retinal Neuro-vascular Coupling in Patients With Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) affects approximately 2.3 million patients worldwide, with a global median prevalence of 33 per 100,000. MS is diagnosed at an average of 30 years and affects twice as many women as men. MS is traditionally diagnosed by the presentation of lesions of the central nervous system, disseminated in time and in space, proven by clinical examination and magnetic resonance imaging. Several anatomical parameters in the eye, both vascular and neural, have been found to be altered in MS patients. Because of its unique optical properties, the eye offers the possibility of the non-invasive assessment of both structural and functional alterations in neuronal tissue. As the neuro-retina is part of the brain, it does not come as a surprise that neuro-degenerative changes in the brain are accompanied by structural and possibly also functional changes in the neuro-retina and the ocular vasculature. The current study seeks to test the hypothesis that beside the known anatomical changes, also functional changes can be detected in the retina of patients with MS. For this purpose, flicker light induced hyperemia will be measured in the retina as a functional test to assess the coupling between neural activity and blood flow. Further, structural parameters such as retinal nerve fiber layer thickness and function parameters such as ocular blood flow and retinal oxygenation will be assessed and compared to age and sex matched controls.

Start: February 2018
Tenofovir Alafenamide for Treatment of Symptoms and Neuroprotection in Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis

As the in vivo reservoir of the Epstein-Barr virus, B cells play an important role in the perpetuation of MS disease activity. B cell depletion therapy with medications like ocrelizumab or rituximab have proved very successful in preventing clinical relapses and MRI activity in MS, but incomplete in terms of neuroprotection and symptomatic outcomes. Ocrelizumab and rituximab only target naïve and memory B cells expressing the CD20 marker but do not deplete the wide spectrum of B cell lineages including plasmablasts and plasma cells, which are also key reservoirs for EBV. This is particularly relevant to the mechanism of action of TAF, since EBV lytic reactivation occurs in coordination with B-cell differentiation. In vivo, the initiation of plasma cell differentiation provides the physiological trigger for EBV lytic reactivation, and EBV utilizes the plasma cell differentiation program to replicate. As these cells are ineffectively depleted by anti-CD20 treatment, the use of TAF would be highly complementary as an add-on treatment to anti-CD20 therapy. Anti-EBV therapy with TAF in combination with ocrelizumab or rituximab will therefore provide a synergistic approach to cover the whole EBV reservoir. The primary aims of the proposed trial are to determine if TAF, at the standard dose of 25 mg/day administered for 12 months: i) is safe and well-tolerated by individuals with RRMS over a period of treatment of 12 months; ii) leads to an overall improvement in fatigue, as assessed by the Modified Fatigue Impact Scale by 12 months; and iii) causes a reduction in serum concentrations of neurofilament light chain (NfL), a marker of neuronal damage in MS.

Start: September 2021
Effects of Ocrelizumab on B-cell Tolerance Defect in Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis

B-cells have an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Ocrelizumab, a medication that targets B-cells have been found to be highly effective in stopping the disease activity in relapsing-remitting MS. The efficacy of ocrelizumab might be related to the specific pattern of B-cell tolerance defect in patients with MS and the potential of its normalization with treatment with ocrelizumab. By analyzing the reactivity of recombinant antibodies expressed from single B-cells, the investigators' collaborators have demonstrated that the pattern of B-cell tolerance defect is different in people with MS who only display an impaired removal of developing autoreactive B-cells in the periphery while central B-cell tolerance in the bone marrow is functional in most patients. In contrast, patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), type-1 diabetes (T1D) or Sjögren's syndrome (SS) show defective central and peripheral B-cell tolerance checkpoints. As a consequence, while anti-B-cell therapy does not correct defective early B-cell tolerance checkpoints in T1D and only temporarily slows down autoimmune processes before newly generated autoreactive B-cells likely induce patient relapse, the investigators postulate that the efficacy of ocrelizumab in MS may be linked to normal central B-cell tolerance and the production of a normal B-cell and T-cell compartment after ocrelizumab therapy. In an open-label study, 10 patients with relapsing MS will be treated with two courses of ocrelizumab and will be followed clinically and radiologically for at least two and a half years. Assessment of T and B-cell phenotypes and function at baseline and 18-24 months post-B-cell depletion will be the primary outcome of the study.

Start: August 2020
Dimethyl Fumarate (DMF, Tecfidera®) Persistence in RR-MS Patients Included in the French Patient Support Program OroSEP

The primary objective is to compare oral dimethyl fumarate (DMF) persistence at six months in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RR-MS) participants initiating DMF with and without OroSEP patient support program (PSP), respectively. The secondary objectives are: to compare oral DMF persistence at one month and three months in RR-MS participants initiating DMF with and without OroSEP PSP, respectively; To compare oral DMF adherence at six months in RR-MS participants initiating DMF with and without OroSEP PSP; To compare at three months and six months the reason of oral DMF discontinuation, in the two groups; To describe the percentage of participants with treatment-related adverse events globally and by class of adverse events, in the two groups of participants; To assess the evolution of participants' anxiety globally and to compare it at inclusion and at six months in participants with and without OroSEP PSP, respectively; To describe participants' satisfaction regarding oral DMF initiation and follow-up globally at six months and to compare it in patients with and without OroSEP PSP, respectively; For OroSEP PSP group: To assess participants' satisfaction regarding their participation in OroSEP PSP at six months; To assess neurologists' satisfaction regarding their participation in OroSEP PSP, after the last participant last visit of center.

Start: August 2019