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114 active trials for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Feasibility Study of a 4 Stage Bowel Obstruction Cancer Diet

Bowel obstruction is a common complication in patients with ovarian, peritoneal and bowel cancer due to a mass or spread of disease, causing narrowing to the gut, as these cancers can grow on the bowel surface. Certain foods may lead to symptoms such as pain, bloating, feeling full, feeling sick, vomiting and difficulty passing a bowel motion. There is limited evidence to establish the best diet to follow when someone is diagnosed with the risk of bowel obstruction and is experiencing symptoms after eating and drinking. The Dietitians at the Royal Surrey have developed a 4 stage bowel obstruction diet which they have been using with patients for 3 years. The 4 stages are clear fluids, all thin liquids, low fibre soft smooth diet, low fibre soft sloppy diet. Depending on the severity of symptoms and the risk of a blockage, patients are asked to follow a certain stage of the diet. They are advised to move up and down the stages as symptoms improve or get worse. This feasibility study aims to investigate if the diet can be used and is effective in clinical practice. The objectives are to see if this diet is easy to follow, can reduce symptoms of bowel obstruction, can improve quality of life, and reduce admissions to hospital because of bowel blockages. Patients at risk of bowel obstruction from colorectal or ovarian cancer are eligible to participate. They will remain in the study for a period of 4 weeks, during which time they will be asked to complete a diet diary and 3 questionnaires.

Start: March 2021
Standard Chemotherapy vs Immunotherapie in 2nd Line Treatment of MSI Colorectal Mestastatic Cancer

Immune chekpoints (ICI) are evaluated in many digestive cancers. Certain types of cancer appear to be rather refractory to ICI such as colorectal cancers (CRC). However, the MSI CRC representing approximately 15% of the CRCs exhibits a high mutational load which generates many potentially immunogenic neoantigens. In addition, strong expression of PD-L1 was found in the MSI CRCs relative to the CRC (MSS) stages. Localized MSI CRCs have a better prognosis than MSS CRCs, probably due to immunogenic neoantigens associated with a CD8 + T-specific immune response. On the oher hand, in metastatic CRC (mCRC) things are different because i) the MSI frequency is only 4 to 7% and ii) the good prognosis conferred by the MSI status is controversial. Preliminary results suggest that patients with MSI mCRC are highly sensitive to ICI even chemoresistant tumors receiving several lines of chemotherapy. Recently, another anti-PD1 alone or in combination with an anti-CTLA4 (antigen associated with cytotoxic T-lymphocyte 4) was tested in the MSI CRCs and a selection of interesting results in heavily pretreated patients with a disease control rate of 56% for monotherapy and 81% for combinated therapy. Anti-PD1s now have marketing authorization for patients with melanoma and metastatic pulmonary carcinoma , Which are known to have a high level of mutations . ICIs appear to be as promising in MSI CRCs as in other tumors and therefore face the same major challenges. Avalumab is an anti-PD-L1 antibody recently tested in several different types of tumors with promising results and is currently being studied in phase III in gastric cancer. There is no data on the effectiveness of this ICI in the MSI mCRCs. In addition, only anti-PD1 was used in the MSI-mCRC and not the anti-PD-L1, and only in chemoresistance (3rd line or more). The main objective of the SAMCO study is to test the efficacy and tolerance of avelumab in the 2nd line of treatment in patients with a MSI mCRC progression after standard 1st line chemotherapy +/- targeted therapy.

Start: April 2018